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11 Ноя, 2022

Dark days and artificial lighting

The lack of natural light and artificial lighting lead to malfunctions of the human biological clock, which in turn affects mental health. These are the results of a study involving 86,000 patients in the UK. The work was published in the database of scientific preprints medRxiv.

The scientists assessed the level of light around the subjects, their mood and level of physical activity throughout the week.

As the study notes, in autumn and winter, daylight hours are shortened, while year after year, artificial light is increasingly used on the streets and in the premises. Together, this leads to disruptions in the circadian rhythm in humans. These failures, as found by the authors of the work, are associated with an increased risk of developing depression and anxiety, bipolar disorder, post-traumatic stress, and exacerbation of psychosis.

However, the risks are reduced in people who spend more time in the sun during the day.

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The European Parliament approved the entry of Croatia into the Schengen area. After the approval of the decision by the Council of the EU, Croatia will become the 27th Schengen country.

Parliamentarians hope that border controls will be abolished before the end of this year, as the country has implemented 281 recommendations in eight areas of the Schengen legislation.

Now with a Croatian visa it is impossible to travel to the states of the Schengen zone. Croatia issues visas only for trips within its territory, as well as to Bulgaria, Cyprus and Romania.


American stock indices are growing rapidly after data on the slowdown in inflation in the country (up to 7.7%, in October from 8.2% a month earlier)

>>>>>>>>>> Inc. became the world’s first public company to lose a trillion dollars in market value. Shares of the e-commerce and cloud technology company fell 4.3% on Wednesday, sending its market value down to $879 billion from its all-time high of $1.88 trillion hit in July 2021.

Microsoft Corp. is also close to hitting an anti-record, as the company’s market capitalization has fallen $889 billion from its November 2021 peak.

This year, the market value of the top five US technology companies by revenue has shrunk by nearly $4 trillion, Bloomberg writes.


Iran is threatening Saudi Arabia, accusing Riyadh of interfering in its internal affairs. Tehran hinted that «any instability in Iran» could spread to other countries in the region.

At the same time, information appeared that the Iranian-Saudi negotiations on the restoration of diplomatic relations, which began a year and a half ago, were frozen. The conflict is developing against the backdrop of increased pressure on Iran from the international community.


Germany plans to introduce tax breaks for 48 million residents of the country
Tax-free annual salary could increase from 10,908 euros in 2022 to 11,604 in 2023.

The amount of annual income subject to the maximum tax of 45% will also increase — from 58,597 to 62,827 euros. The authorities assume that those who earn more do not need much support.

Payments for children will increase by record amounts for the country: for the first and second child they will be increased by 31 euros per month, for the third — by 25 euros per month. Total for each will be paid monthly at 250 euros.

Such support measures were approved by the Bundestag, but now they will be submitted to the Bundesrat for consideration.


The EU has become the world’s largest consumer of liquefied natural gas. The 27 EU countries purchased a total of 105 billion cubic meters. According to this indicator, they overtook even China.


Apple restricts AirDrop to «Public» mode in China for spreading anti-government content


Highly processed foods can be nearly as addictive as nicotine. Such a statement appeared in the journal Addiction. To such food, experts from the University of Michigan and the Virginia Institute of Technology attributed, for example, chips, cookies, ice cream and french fries. It’s very hard for people to give up.


Azerbaijan increased gas exports by 17.4% in January-October 2022, to 18.2 billion cubic meters, Energy Minister Parviz Shahbazov said.


International Business Machines Corp (IBM) will partner with new semiconductor maker Rapidus.


The market value of Apple in a day increased by $190.9 billion, and reached $2.34 trillion. This was the largest increase in the capitalization of an American company in history. Apple shares up nearly 9% on Thursday


The Bundestag has supported a change in the amount of social benefits for people who do not work for more than a year, as well as for those who do not earn enough, reports Tagesschau. If the amendments are approved by the Federal Council, the amount of the benefit will be increased by 50 euros and amount to 500 euros per month.


Doctors at the University of California, San Francisco have for the first time cured an unborn baby of a rare genetic disease that can cause babies to die shortly after birth.

The healed girl was born on time, now she is 16 months old. The little patient’s name is Ayla Bashir. While still in the womb, she was diagnosed with Pompe disease. Because of it, muscle and nerve cells are damaged — the skin and mucous membranes become cyanotic, tongue hypertrophy, edema, tachycardia, and suffocation develop. Most children die in the first two years of life.

To cure Ayla, doctors administered enzyme replacement therapy in utero during her mother’s pregnancy. The woman and the fetus underwent six procedures. Now Ayla’s therapy continues. The girl feels well and develops without deviations.


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