8 Apr, 2021

Debt of all countries is approaching global GDP

The total sovereign public debt of all countries is approaching 100% of world GDP. This was stated on Tuesday by the Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Kristalina Georgieva, speaking at a videoconference during the spring session of the governing bodies of the Fund and the World Bank.

“We entered a pandemic with a high level of indebtedness. <…> For obvious reasons, this level has increased [since the beginning of the pandemic]. <…> Revenues have decreased, but expenses have increased. Today, the global public debt is approaching 100% [world] GDP “, – said the head of the fund.

She explained that the national debt rose in large part at the expense of developed countries. At the same time, their “ability to service debt is much higher” than developing countries “with lower [economic] performance” and low-income countries, whose opportunities are extremely limited, explained Georgieva.

Pavel Durov first entered the top 10 richest Russians according to Forbes

The founder of the Telegram messenger, Pavel Durov, entered the top ten Russian billionaires for the first time according to Forbes magazine. His fortune is estimated at $ 17.2 billion. A year earlier, the publication estimated his fortune at $ 3.4 billion.

The Suez Canal Authority admitted the guilt of the captain

The incident with the container ship Ever Given, which ran aground and blocked the Suez Canal, was caused by human error. This opinion was expressed in an interview with the Japanese agency Kyodo by the head of the channel, Osama Rabia. Rabia confirmed that a pilot from the canal administration was present on the ship, but he assured that the responsibility for the incident could not be made to a representative of the department.

The pilot gives advice, but the final decision is made by the captain. There were no mistakes on our part, and we do not bear any responsibility, – TASS quotes him.

Equipment that never stands unpacked

The Sakhalin Regional Duma heard a report by the Chamber of Control and Accounts (CAC) on the results of the audit of the use of budget funds for 2018, 2019 and part of 2020, aimed at the development of the forestry complex, hunting and specially protected natural areas of the region, including execution of the national project Ecology.

From the report, the PCB drew the attention of parliamentarians to the fact that part of the equipment purchased within the framework of the national project “Ecology” in the northern and central forestry enterprises was not used at the time of the inspection and was in the package.

When asked why this happened, Vladimir Kornev explained that the former leader saw only plans for the development of economic activities there, and purchased equipment for specific purposes. Then another manager came, and this equipment no longer fits its volume, and therefore it is worth it. What will happen next with the equipment is not yet known

Russians who own cryptocurrency will be obliged to report to the tax

A bill to amend the Tax Code, which will oblige Russians to inform tax authorities about cryptocurrency ownership, is being prepared for a second reading in the State Duma. Writes about this “Kommersant”.

Schoolchildren will receive a discount on train travel in the summer of 2021

Children from 10 to 17 years old will receive a 50% discount on train travel during the summer holidays. This was announced on April 6 by the press service of Russian Railways. The discount will be provided when purchasing tickets for general and reserved seat cars of fast and long-distance passenger trips, as well as for cars of the 2nd and 3rd classes of multi-unit rolling stock, except for high-speed and high-speed trains.

Tourists in Cyprus will be allowed to leave hotels by SMS

The current quarantine regime on the island applies not only to local residents, but also to visitors, the Cyprus Mail newspaper reported on its website, citing the explanations of Filokipros Russounidis, CEO of the Cyprus Hotel Association.

Residents of the island must notify the authorities about leaving the house by sending a message to a special number. If the SMS cannot be sent, for example, because of a foreign operator, a special form is issued. In addition, the restrictions provide that residents of the island and tourists can leave the house twice on weekdays and three times on weekends.

Greece has listed the conditions for recreation for tourists in 2021

Haris Theocharis, Minister of Tourism, said that “five lines of defense” will be created for the safety of both locals and holidaymakers in Greece. At the initial stage, it will be necessary to present a certificate confirming the passage of vaccination or a negative test for Covid-19. At the second stage, you will need to take a second test already in Greece. If the result turns out to be positive, then the citizen arriving in the country will be quarantined. In addition, tourists must comply with all anti-epidemiological safety measures in force in the country: mask regime, hand disinfection, social distance.

The Cabinet of Ministers of Russia has allocated subsidies to producers of sugar and butter

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin signed a decree, which allocated 9 billion rubles. for partial reimbursement of costs for sunflower oil and sugar producers. The document was published on the government website. These are companies that participate in agreements on the stabilization of prices for foodstuffs.

Subsidies will allow “to fix the cost of 1 kg of sugar at a level not exceeding 36 rubles. for wholesalers and 46 rubles. for retail buyers, 1 liter of oil – at the level of 95 and 110 rubles. respectively”. The government expects that this will help to sell at least 600 thousand liters of butter and 600 thousand tons of sugar at the indicated prices.

An unscheduled check of prices for eggs, poultry and vegetables began

The Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS), after reports of an increase in prices for poultry meat, eggs and vegetables, began an unscheduled inspection, the ministry said in a statement. FAS will check how justified the increase in prices for eggs, poultry and vegetables was. According to Rosstat, compared to March 2020, egg prices increased by more than 30%, and chicken prices increased by 18.5%.

Sberbank increased its net profit

Net profit of Sberbank for January-March according to RAS increased by 29.2%, to 282.5 billion rubles, follows from the published statements of the bank. In March, Sberbank earned a record net profit of 103.3 billion rubles.

Take action to disrupt the timing of gas exploration in Kamchatka

Deputy Prime Minister and Plenipotentiary of the President of the Russian Federation in the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev instructed to investigate the reasons for the failure of the terms of exploration of gas fields in the Kamchatka Territory by Rosgeologia. The plenipotentiary said this to journalists after a meeting in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.

“There are a number of opportunities that are poorly used today. First, geological prospecting for additional gas reserves is poorly conducted. the Minister of Natural Resources should be admitted to its leadership, “Trutnev said.

Belarusian gold and foreign exchange reserves continue to dwindle

Gold and foreign exchange reserves of Belarus in January-March fell by 7.1% or $ 528.5 million, the National Bank of the Republic (NBB) said in a statement. It is reported that as of April 1, 2021, the gold and foreign exchange reserves amounted to $ 6 billion 940 million.

Share of foreigners in the state debt of Russia

Foreigners have become less likely to invest in Russian federal loan bonds. For the first time since 2015, the indicator dropped below 20%, according to a review by VTB Capital and its analyst Maxim Korovin. It is noted that a year ago, the share of foreigners in OFZs reached an all-time high (34.9%).

Total cryptocurrency market capitalization

The capitalization of all cryptocurrencies in the world, according to Goingecko (which tracks the market capitalization of cryptocurrencies), has exceeded $ 2 trillion. More than half of the total volume falls on bitcoins, which were recognized by investors and began to be used as a means of payment. Ethereum is in second place by a large margin, and Binance Coin is in third place.

The largest oil company in the world sells almost half of the pipelines

State Oil Company of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) is in talks to sell up to 49% of its pipeline assets to a consortium of American, Chinese and local investors, writes The Wall Street Journal.

Putin’s scientific advisor is among the dollar billionaires of the Russian Federation

The rector of the St. Petersburg State Mining University (SPbGGU), Vladimir Litvinenko, was named a billionaire. Forbes estimates his fortune at $ 1.5 billion. His condition is not related to scientific activity, the portal notes. A high income for him, presumably, brings a stake in PhosAgro. Its share is 20.98%, according to the calculations of journalists.

The publication notes at the end of the 90s Litvinenko headed the academic council at which the future President of Russia Vladimir Putin defended his Ph.D. thesis

A new technology for growing liver has been created in Brazil

Scientists from the Brazilian University of São Paulo have solved two problems of transplantation existing in the modern world. They recreated the functionality of the tissue of deceased people and eliminated the risk of rejection of the new organ.

The new technology consists in treating the organ of a deceased donor with special solutions to remove all cells. The remaining extracellular matrix (with the same structure and shape) is populated with new cells from the future organ recipient.

Internal mechanisms help people navigate in time and space

A person has special internal mechanisms that help to navigate in space and time. It is, as the network edition “Actual News” writes, about “built-in programs” that have their own characteristics and work somewhat differently from analogous mechanisms in animals.

In the 1970s, researchers at University College London discovered brain cells that activate when a person is in a familiar environment. In addition, scientists clarified the role of the hippocampus in navigation – it turned out that there are special cells in this area of ​​the brain that help not to get lost on the ground.

About ten years ago, scientists discovered time cells that help our thinking organ to keep a kind of record of the order of events. The internal clock runs in episodic memory and is closely related to the “internal GPS”. Researchers have found that these brain systems are even dependent on factors such as smells and sounds.

Russia is ready to supply military equipment to Pakistan

Russia has confirmed its readiness to strengthen Pakistan’s “anti-terrorist potential”, including through the supply of military equipment, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said following talks with Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi in Islamabad.

Anatoly Serdyukov will stay at Rostec

Former Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov will continue to work at Rostec as an industrial director, only his functionality will change, an informed source told Interfax.

 

For the first time after the extension of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START-3), Russia and the United States exchanged data on the number of missiles and nuclear warheads in their arsenals, follows from the data of the American State Department. According to current data, over six months, Russia has increased the number of nuclear warheads by nine, and the United States has reduced by 100

 

The Kremlin on the aggravation in Donbass and the fall of the ruble

Instability near the Russian borders negatively affects the markets, but the macroeconomic situation in the country is stable and predictable, and there was some volatility before, the government and the Central Bank are keeping the situation under control

Negotiations can be moved from Belarus to Poland

The head of the Ukrainian delegation to the Trilateral Contact Group (TCG) Leonid Kravchuk said that negotiations on resolving the situation in Donbass after the end of quarantine due to Covid-19 could be moved from Belarus to Poland.

“In no case can there be Belarus, because through Lukashenka’s mouth she says very ugly, I would even say obscene things in relation to Ukraine. It is under the thumb of Russia. It is not a democratic country, peaceful protesters are strangled in it, so there’s the country is a platform for negotiations, I would say, it is even inconvenient to talk about it, “added Kravchuk.

Restrictions on Zoom for Russian state-owned companies

Zoom Video Communications company has limited the use of its videoconferencing service for Russian companies with state participation, follows from a message on the website of the IT-directorate of the Higher School of Economics.

The general director of WrightConf LLC, which is the official representative of Zoom in Russia, Andrey Petrenko, specified that the details of further work are currently being considered. He suggested that the company could make a separate product for the public sector.

The press service of Zoom said that the information about the suspension of sales of its products to Russian government agencies is not reliable. At the moment, a check is being carried out in connection with the spread of false data.

The State Duma of Russia allowed to issue online deductions for personal income tax

  • so far in two types – on the cost of buying a home and interest on a mortgage and on an individual investment account
  • it will be possible to issue through your personal account on the FTS website
  • you don’t need to fill out a declaration or collect documents – the tax authorities will check everything themselves
  • the term for obtaining a deduction will be reduced to one and a half months

The State Duma of Russia adopted a law on the obligation of candidates in elections

The State Duma of Russia adopted a law on the obligation of candidates in elections to report that they or organizations associated with them have the status of a foreign agent – in their campaigning and in subscription lists, this will also be indicated on the ballots

The Russian State Duma adopted a law on the activities of guides

They must be Russians and pass attestation in the region, receive a special breast identification card and appear in the unified federal register.

U.S. Air Force reports failed hypersonic missile launch test

The United States Air Force reported a failed test to launch an AGM-183A ARRW hypersonic missile. It was supposed to be launched from a Boeing B-52 Stratofortress bomber.

“However, the missile was unable to complete the launch procedure,” and remained on the plane, which returned with it to Edwards AFB in California, the US Air Force said in a statement.

The military plans to study the reasons for the failure, “learn a lesson from it” and try to launch the missile again. They expect it to be able to accelerate to 20 times the speed of sound.

Waste reform in Russia is failing to cope with its tasks

Kudrin: The level of waste recycling does not exceed 7%, more than 90% are sent to landfills and landfills. At the same time, in a number of regions, the capacity of official landfills is practically running out. Key issues: lack of funding, poorly designed projects