5 Апр, 2021

How long will oil reserves in Russia last

The volume of oil reserves in Russia will be enough for 58 years of production at the current level of technology development. Such assessments in an interview with «Rossiyskaya Gazeta» were given by the Deputy Minister of Natural Resources and Ecology of the country, the head of Rosnedra Yevgeny Kiselev.

«According to the inventory data, the profitable ones will last for 19 years. But these are conditional, indicative indicators. With the development of technologies, this line will be constantly pushed back,» Kiselev said.

The population of Russia will decline

«Due to objective demographic trends in the next few years, the country’s population, unfortunately, will tend to decline,» said Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova

Earlier, the presidential press secretary Dmitry Peskov spoke about the negative demographic situation in the country. He noted that different demographic dynamics are observed in different regions, and it is impossible to completely correct the situation «for objective reasons.»

In the fall of 2020, the government predicted a population decline of 352.5 thousand people, which is ten times more than in 2019. In addition to the pandemic, natural decline (excess of the number of deaths over the number of births) and the inhibition of the migration inflow were named as reasons. Achievement of positive growth rates is expected only in 2030.

Birth rate in January 2021

In January 2021, 106.6 thousand children were born — 12 thousand less than a year ago. The largest decline in the birth rate was recorded in the Moscow region (-1100, 17% less than a year ago), in St. Petersburg (-991, 20%) and Tatarstan (-527, 15.6%). Also among the leaders in the decline in the birth rate are Bashkortostan, Rostov and Sverdlovsk regions, Stavropol Territory, Samara, Voronezh and Tyumen regions. In relative numbers, the drop is everywhere from 10% to 24%.

The birth rate increased in 5 regions: in Moscow (+1400 children, an increase of 14.5% — this is where the effect of stay-at-home can really be), Dagestan (+639, 19.5%), Tyva (+86, 18%) and symbolic +10 in Chukotka and +1 in the Pskov region

The Ministry of Internal Affairs will prepare a law on the legalization of migrants in Russia

Foreigners and stateless persons will be able to legalize their stay in Russia even if there are violations, the Ministry of Internal Affairs is developing a corresponding bill, TASS reports, citing the press center of the department.

The Belarusian authorities will be able to turn off the Internet without compensation to users.

Amendments are being introduced to the law «On Telecommunications», so that the operational-analytical center will have the right to turn off the Internet and other types of communication at its discretion. At the same time, telecom operators will be obliged to fulfill the requirements of the OAC and will not compensate the users of their services for anything.

Kommersant: pre-installed applications transfer user data abroad

Almost all Russian applications that manufacturers are required to pre-install on phones and tablets sold in Russia from April 1 can transfer user data to foreign companies. Data from pre-installed applications, among others, can be received by Google, Yahoo, Microsoft, Huawei, Facebook, the Kommersant newspaper reports, referring to the research of ANO Information Culture.

In the Novosibirsk region, a six-year-old girl was tried for the debts of her deceased mother.

A lawsuit against six-year-old Polina Sheveleva was filed by the Siberian Heat and Power Company. The girl’s mother died in 2016, as a result, Polina became the legal successor of the debt for heat in 26 thousand rubles. The girl’s uncle, Roman, said that the family had no money for a lawyer, and the ombudsman did not respond to his appeals.

Three months after the start of the litigation, the local child rights ombudsman Nadezhda Boltenko told Rise that Polina’s relatives had been offered free legal aid, the reply was sent by Russian Post.

“It’s not true that we didn’t react. We offered them free legal assistance. The reply was sent by «Russian Post» to the applicant, as he did not have an electronic one. We have done everything that is within our competence. I will still contact the head of the Kolyvan district. We will understand a lot. «

Later, Mash said that at today’s meeting, the court released Polina from responsibility.

Rutube announced the relaunch of its platform.

Russian video hosting said that the web version will undergo changes in April. It clarifies that users will be able to watch content without registering, upload videos through the studio, create thematic playlists and monetize their content. The beta will also include podcast, educational, and live streaming sections. Later, the creators promise to launch streams and live sales and finalize the mobile application.

Rutube became the property of Gazprom-Media at the end of 2020. The head of the holding, the former head of Roskomnazor, Alexander Zharov, then promised that the Russian platform, after modernization, would compete with YouTube.

Where did the inhabitants of the Russian Empire work at the end of the 19th century?

More than 16 million people were employed in agriculture. More than 3 million people attended the group of occupations «Activities and service private. Servants, day laborers», where, in addition to the servants themselves, there were also administrators of enterprises and employees of various offices (but mainly domestic servants and day laborers / laborers).

Garment manufacturing was in 3rd place in terms of employment — the first manufacturing industry on the list, with 1.16 million people. 1.13 million people served in the army, and livestock was at the bottom of the top 5.

Processing of fibrous substances (6th place) is the processing of cotton, flax, the production of fabrics, ropes, carpets and the like. Many people were engaged in the construction and maintenance of housing (7th place), there were many «living off the treasury» (shelters, hospitals, pensioners), and rentiers.

And there were only 225 thousand officials!

Data collected and processed by the History Department of Moscow State University

Vladimir Putin and Alexander Lukashenko talked by phone

Russian President Vladimir Putin and Belarusian leader Alexander Lukashenko talked by phone on the occasion of the Day of Unity of the Peoples of the two countries. The Kremlin’s website noted that the leaders of the two countries «exchanged warm congratulations on the common holiday» of Russia and Belarus, and also touched upon external threats «which have recently been sounding very specifically from the western direction, in particular from Poland and the United States.»

Joe Biden expressed a desire to visit Ukraine

US President Joe Biden expressed a desire to visit Ukraine when he has such an opportunity. According to the head of the office of the President of Ukraine Andriy Yermak, Biden said this to Volodymyr Zelensky during a telephone conversation.

“Joe Biden added that he was waiting for the opportunity to visit Ukraine again, and also recalled his speech in the Ukrainian parliament,” Ermak wrote.

The telephone conversation between Biden and Zelensky lasted 50 minutes. Biden assured Zelensky of support for the reforms being carried out in the country, and also said that he «has full information about what is happening in and around Ukraine.»

US lifts sanctions against the International Criminal Court

Joe Biden’s administration has lifted sanctions and visa restrictions on the International Criminal Court, which were imposed by the previous US President Donald Trump. In a statement on behalf of US Secretary of State Anthony Blinken, it is said that Biden approved the annulment of the presidential decree, which provides for the application of the mentioned restrictions. In addition, the State Department canceled visa restrictions for ICC personnel.

“As a result, the sanctions imposed by the previous administration against the ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensuda and the head of the jurisdiction, complementarity and cooperation department Fakiso Mochochoko were lifted,” the statement said.

Large-scale NATO exercise Defender Europe 2021 begins

NATO exercises Defender Europe 2021 are being held to practice possible military clashes with Russia, said the representative of Ukraine in the Trilateral Contact Group on Donbass Oleksiy Arestovich.

“A large-scale NATO exercise has begun, which is called Defender Europe 2021 — which translates to“ defend Europe ”. Their meaning is that in the waters from the Baltic to the Black Seas the war with Russia, the topic of armed confrontation with Russia, is being worked out, let’s put it bluntly, ”Arestovich said.

In April and May of this year, the North Atlantic Alliance announced plans to hold the largest military exercise in a quarter of a century, Defender Europe. As part of the exercise, which will take place in 16 European countries, the largest deployment of US military forces to Europe in the past 25 years is planned. They will be attended by 20 thousand US military and 17 thousand military from other countries of the alliance and non-allied countries, including from Ukraine.

Russia approved the extension of the agreement on cooperation in space

The Russian government approved the extension of the agreement between Russia and the United States on cooperation in space. The agreement, concluded in 1992, has already been extended four times. This document is one of the main legal instruments that form the conditions for Russian-American cooperation in space exploration.

In Russia, the death rate in road accidents with taxi cars has increased.

«Unfortunately, the mortality rate in the provision of services is growing. Passengers are dying,» said the Head of the State Traffic Safety Inspectorate of Russia Mikhail Chernikov on the air of the Russia 24 TV channel.

According to him, over the year the number of fatalities in road accidents with a taxi increased by 20%, and here the department needs to pay attention to both the organization of taxi work and the level of professionalism of taxi drivers.

Suzuki is forced to suspend production at factories in Japan

Japanese carmaker Suzuki is forced to suspend production at two of its three factories in Japan on April 5 due to a shortage of semiconductors, the Nikkei newspaper reported. According to Kyodo, the global shortage stems from a recovery in global demand for cars and an increase in the use of personal computers and game consoles, which require semiconductors to manufacture.

The Ministry of Internal Affairs will purchase especially durable equipment

The department has announced three tenders for the purchase of equipment for its employees. The largest of them (238.5 million rubles) — the purchase of 2,070 modular individual kits «Cocoon», which are used to disperse rallies and demonstrations.

In Russia, the management to investigate the crimes of high-ranking officials and deputies will be reduced

The head of the department, Alexander Bastrykin, signed an order downgrading the status of the Main Directorate for the Investigation of Particularly Important Cases. 104 people serve in it, most of the employees have the rank of colonels, and 15 are major generals. The Kommersant newspaper writes about this on April 3, a copy of the order was published on March 31 by the anonymous telegram channel Former Sledak.

According to the document, the main department lost its status and entered into another, much larger unit. At the same time, 104 people in the state will be reduced to 94. They will be distributed between two divisions, one of which will be «generals», the newspaper writes.

The Main Directorate for the Investigation of Particularly Important Cases was established in 2016. As planned, it was supposed to investigate crimes committed by high-ranking officials, judges and deputies. But he was entrusted with other matters that the department considered the most important.

Sberbank advised what to do if a fraudster calls

  • do not give in to emotions — they rush you, scare you, appeal to a sense of justice or promise mountains of gold to prevent you from thinking
  • stop the conversation immediately — hang up and call back yourself at the number written on your bank card
  • do not do anything under the dictation of strangers — a real bank employee can do all operations to protect your cards and accounts himself

The ratio of pensions to average wages in Russia

According to Rosstat, over the past few years, the replacement rate (the ratio of the average monthly nominal accrued wages to the average size of assigned pensions) has remained at the level of 30-33% in recent years.

In 2019, the ratio «average pension — average salary» broke through the threshold of 30% and amounted to 29.6%: if the average size of pensions at the end of the year was 14,163 rubles, then the average salary was approximately 47,850 rubles.

Bastrykin noted the importance of using social networks

The head of the Investigative Committee, Alexander Bastrykin, held an online meeting with the heads of the territorial bodies of the Investigative Committee. The key topic was the work of law enforcement officers in social networks. The head of the Investigative Committee drew attention to the fact that when working with these resources, one should take into account the nature of the statements made via the Internet. He recalled that in the context of an information war, law enforcement officers are subjected to absolutely unfounded criticism.

Sleep cells found in the human brain

American scientists have discovered cells in the human brain that help the brain to keep the sleep slow. It turned out that astrocytes — auxiliary cells of the nervous system — are responsible for sound sleep.

For a long time it was believed that astrocytes only nourish neurons, supporting them and performing other auxiliary work. New data indicate that these cells directly interfere with the electrical activity of neurons.

Scientists have found a way to recycle old tires into graphene

Car tires have found a new use — low-quality graphene, which is great for increasing the strength of concrete. The research results are published in the publication Carbon.

Artificial cells with a minimal genome were able to grow and divide normally

A group of molecular biologists have developed an artificial cell that can grow and divide. It is noted that in order to achieve this result, scientists had to expand the genome of a pre-existing cell by only 19 genes. The scientific article was published in the journal Cell.

Scientists from China have found a real sea under the sands of the Taklamakan desert

The Taklamakan Desert is considered one of the largest in the world. There is almost no vegetation here, and the remoteness of groundwater has led to the fact that there are no reservoirs in this area. Scientists representing the Chinese Academy of Sciences have been conducting research for 10 years in order to figure out where carbon dioxide disappears over the desert. As it turned out, the Taklamakan sand contains an alkali that absorbs carbon dioxide. Scientists also examined soil samples from the depths of the desert. It turned out that there are large deposits of water under the sand.

Material for the treatment of muscle injuries presented

Scientists from the Polytechnic University of Valencia and the Network Center for Biomedical Research in Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanomedicine have unveiled a new biomaterial that helps to quickly repair damaged muscles. The researchers said that the high efficiency of the biomaterial is due to the release of boron. It stimulates integrins, proteins that are found in all cells in the body.

Unemployment in the United States has declined

The US Department of Labor said on Friday that the number of jobs in the country in March increased by 916 thousand. As noted by Bloomberg, this is a record high in the past seven months. The unemployment rate fell to 6%.

«These improvements in the labor market reflect the continued recovery in economic activity, which has been weakened by the pandemic,» said the Labor Ministry.