The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, together with Bertelsmann Stiftung, analyzed data from 1995 to 2018.
The researchers concluded that over the years, access to the middle class in Germany has become much more difficult.
In this country, the middle class stratum has shrunk faster since the mid-90s than in most other countries studied. Only in Sweden, Finland and Luxembourg this process went even faster.
According to the study, the middle class is most widely represented in Slovakia (71%). In Norway, the Czech Republic and Finland, its representatives are 70%. In Germany — 64%. And the narrowest stratum of the middle class among European countries is observed in Lithuania (53%).
>>> News feed for December 03, 2021>>>
The United States has introduced new sanctions against Belarus, according to the website of the US Treasury. The restrictions affected 20 people, 12 organizations and three aircraft. The sanctions covered:
- the middle son of the President of Belarus Dmitry Lukashenko (he holds the post of chairman of the central council of the Presidential Sports Club and is a member of the National Olympic Committee of Belarus);
- Head of the Main Directorate for Combating Organized Crime and Corruption (GUBOPiK) of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus Andrei Parshin;
- the husband of the press secretary of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus Olga Chemodanova Denis Chemodanov;
- Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs Dmitry Korzyuk;
- Anatoly Lappo, head of the State Border Committee of Belarus;
- his first deputy Igor Butkevich and deputies Sergey Novikov and Igor Pechen;
- ex-chairman of the Ice Hockey Federation of Belarus, member of the Council of the Republic of the National Assembly Dmitry Baskov and others.
Among the organizations against which the United States imposed restrictions were:
- JSC Electromechanical Plant AGAT, which develops automated control systems and electronics;
exporter of weapons and military equipment «Beltechexport»;
- Belarusian Potash Company and Slavkali;
- 140th repair plant, engaged in the repair and modernization of armored vehicles;
- cargo airline «TransAviaExport»;
- Private security company «GardService», which is allowed to provide security services with the use of weapons;
- the company for the development and production of optical-electronic products for military and civil purposes «Peleng»;
- Presidential Sports Club;
- state tour operator «Tsentrkurort».
Sanctions have also been imposed on a helicopter and two planes. These are Agusta-Westland AW-139, associated with «Slavkali», and two Il-76TD «TransAviaExport».
The Ministry of Finance explained that TransAviaExport is a cargo carrier fully controlled by the government of Belarus. The United States believes that the company was involved in the transportation of «thousands of tons of ammunition and weapons» to zones of military conflicts, including Libya. Speaking about the Slavkali helicopter on the sanctions list, the Ministry of Finance noted that Lukashenka uses an aircraft painted in the colors of the Belarusian flag for flights between his suburban residence and Minsk.
In addition, the United States imposed sanctions on the national debt of Belarus, banning American citizens from transactions with «new promissory notes» with maturities of more than 90 days and issued on December 2 or later.
The EU and the UK also announced a new package of restrictions against Minsk. In particular, the first deputy chairman and presenter of the National State TV and Radio Company of Belarus Sergei Gusachenko, journalists of the newspaper SB. Belarus Today ”Lyudmila Gladkaya and Andrei Mukovozchik, head of the Belarusian Union of Journalists Andrei Krivosheev, journalist and TV presenter Grigory Azarenok, as well as judge of the Frunzensky court of Minsk Natalya Buguk and state prosecutor in the case of Belsat journalists Alina Kasyanchik. The restrictions also affected Belaruskali.
The European Union has imposed sanctions against 17 more people and 11 companies. The list includes Belavia airlines, travel agencies Tsentrkurort and Oscar Tour, Grodno Azot, Belorusneft and Belshina. Among the people on the list are Lappo, the press secretary of the Belarusian Foreign Ministry Anatoly Glaz and the head of the Belarusian state TV channel ONT Marat Markov.
The investigation has brought a new charge of fraud against Marina Rakova. The Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs considered that Rakova’s common-law husband was fictitiously employed at the Foundation for New Forms of Education Development, which was headed by the suspect, and his illegal income exceeded 9 million rubles.
OPEC + ministers agreed to increase oil production by 400 thousand barrels. per day in January, according to a press release from OPEC +.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and San Marino Foreign Secretary Luca Beccari signed an agreement to abolish visas during a meeting of the OSCE Ministerial Council in Stockholm.
VK Video (VK’s own video platform, formerly Mail.ru Group) has removed the restriction on access to video, which allowed only registered users to watch videos, follows from the press service.
This year, Moscow will partially restrict New Year’s celebrations, Vedomosti reports, citing a source close to the mayor’s office and a federal official.
According to the interlocutors of the publication, there are no plans to celebrate in the city center, but about 20 New Year’s venues will appear in other districts of Moscow. In addition to the already operating skating rink, two more skating rinks will open on Red Square — in Gorky Park and at VDNKh. According to the interlocutors, it is assumed that Muscovites will celebrate the holiday in their districts and less often come to the city center.
NASA hopes to spend less on the ISS by the end of its operation, saving on repairs, spare equipment and transportation, the US agency’s inspector general suggests.
Over the past decade, NASA has spent between $ 2 billion and $ 4 billion a year on the ISS, according to the report. Since 2014, most of the annual budget has been spent on travel costs. The service life of the ISS has been extended until 2024, the extension until 2030 is in question.
Disabling the ISS and the subsequent flooding of the station may take 3 years, in an emergency — up to six months, the calculations are given in the report by the inspector general of NASA. Utilization of the ISS will cost $ 1 billion
Lebanese Information Minister George Kordahi will announce his resignation on December 3 amid the crisis in relations with the Gulf states, Reuters reported.
The American military received the first serial modernized atomic bomb B61-12, which has been in service with the United States for half a century. Modernization extends its life cycle by at least 20 years.
The B61 bomb has been in service since 1968, currently in versions 3, 4, 7 and 11. The B61-12 is intended to replace the first three.
The head of the Armenian Foreign Ministry and the US Secretary of State discussed the de-escalation of the situation between Armenia and Azerbaijan. The Armenian minister told the Secretary of State about the penetration of the Azerbaijani military into the sovereign territory of Armenia and the situation that developed as a result of the latest aggression.
Austrian Chancellor Alexander Schallenberg resigned just 52 days after replacing Sebastian Kurz, who had left because of corruption cases. This is the shortest term as head of government in the history of modern Austria.
On December 2, a solemn ceremony was held in Berlin in honor of Angela Merkel in connection with her resignation from the post of Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany. The military band played songs for her by punk rock singer Nina Hagen and Hildegard Knef, and ended the ceremony with the national anthem.
The event is a pivotal moment ahead of Merkel’s departure from government after 16 years in office. She will officially leave the post of chancellor until December 8.
Trump will not run for president in 2024. Former White House chief of staff John Kelly said Trump made this decision because he doesn’t want to look like a loser in his own eyes and the eyes of his supporters.
The biggest financial swindler who stole about $ 400 million fled Iran last year. He was put on the wanted list through Interpol and was detained in Moscow. On Thursday evening, the fraudster was taken to the Tehran airport. Imam Khomeini.
Elle, one of the world’s largest fashion magazines, has announced that it will refuse to promote fur in its editorial and promotional materials.
«Fur seems outdated and out of fashion, especially for Gen Z, which is the gold target of the fashion and luxury industry,» the publication said.
Tokyo has demanded that the United States stop flying F-16 fighters after one of them dropped fuel tanks near residential areas on Tuesday for an emergency landing. The United States — despite the call — resumed flights of fighters stationed in Japan. The Japanese defense minister called the decision «extremely regrettable.»
Roskomnadzor, by the decision of the Tambov court, blocked the site Etsy — a trading platform for handmade things, antiques and rarities. The reason was that the Gucci Replica page offered Gucci accessories with delivery in Russia, although there was no information about agreements with the copyright holders.
The court sentenced the Right Sector activist Yaroslav Tarasenko to 12 years in prison. He was found guilty of complicity in the murder of former State Duma deputy Denis Voronenkov. Another defendant in the case of Alexander Los was acquitted by the court
Tomsk oppositionist and RusNews journalist Igor Kuznetsov, a suspect in the case of «inciting unrest» via Telegram, has been charged with a new charge. According to his lawyer Sergei Badamshin, Kuznetsov is now also suspected of creating an extremist community. Under article 282.1 of the Criminal Code, he faces from six to ten years in prison.
Tajik MMA fighter was detained in Moscow for dangerous driving in the Lefortovo tunnel. Chorshanbe Chorshanbiev drove a car without a CTP policy and a driver’s license. The police found out that he repeatedly violated traffic rules and created a threat to the life and health of other road users. The fighter traditionally posted the video of the races in his stories.
Chorshanbiev has been banned from entering Russia since 2018, but recently he inexplicably disappeared from the list.
The offshore accounts of Russian officials involved in Pandora’s Archive investigations cannot be verified or confirmed. This was announced by the Anti-Corruption Department of the Presidential Administration of the Russian Federation.
“The Pandora’s Archive is an unstructured set of fragmentary data, actually of an anonymous nature, which, in accordance with the law, cannot be used to identify, verify or confirm any significant circumstances,” the presidential administration said.
More than 18 burial places will be equipped under the program of perpetuating the memory of those killed in the defense of the Fatherland for 2019-2024. In particular, it is planned to install 1,360 memorial signs in 2022, 1,016 in 2023, and 669 in 2024. This government decree comes into force on December 3.
SpaceX launched a new batch of Starlink Internet satellites into orbit, brought the constellation to 1,890 spacecraft
Russian Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Zakharova made a remark to a Georgian journalist who asked Lavrov a question in English.
Nutsubidze, an employee of the Rustavi 2 TV channel, who was present during the minister’s conversation with journalists, began to ask a question in English. Zakharova drew attention to the fact that the request for participation in the conference sounded in Russian.
Transport workers in Milan go on strike for hours against the green pass. Railway workers will go on strike throughout the working day, and in the evening the action will go to the metro, buses and trams.
As a result of many years of research, environmentalists have come to the conclusion that floating debris made of plastic and glass allows coastal marine animals to live in the open ocean and even travel from one continent to another. This could lead to a «great migration of species» and tangibly change the world’s ecosystem
Gazprombank transferred 45% of MF Technologies, which controls 57.3% of VK’s voting shares, to the Gazprom-Media holding, according to a release received by RBC.
The Taliban (the Taliban movement is prohibited in the Russian Federation) issued a decree on the rights of women. As follows from the decree signed by the supreme leader of the Taliban, Haybatullah Akhundzada, a woman cannot be forced into marriage, she cannot be «[the subject of] a truce or an end to hostility» between men.
It also says that in the event of the death of her husband, the widow has the right to inherit part of his property, can independently determine her future fate and, in particular, remarry.
General Director of VK (formerly Mail.ru Group) Boris Dobrodeyev announced his departure from the company after the change of its owners.
The new general director of VK will be the first vice president of Rostelecom Vladimir Kiriyenko, the son of the deputy head of the presidential administration of the Russian Federation Sergei Kiriyenko, a source told Kommersant.
Earlier, a representative of Gazprom Media told Kommersant that after the deal, VK will continue «to maintain the status of an independent company and develop its own digital ecosystem.»
Defense Minister of Ukraine announced de facto accession of Belarus to Russia
“The enemy has already applied a series of non-military measures: information, energy, economic. Its goal is to provoke internal destabilization that will weaken our defenses. Also, after the de facto Anschluss of Belarus, we have added more than a thousand kilometers of border that need to be protected, especially in winter. We understand these risks and are preparing, ”said Ukrainian Defense Minister Oleksiy Reznikov.
During his speech in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the minister also noted that Kiev is ready to use the army in the event of a hybrid attack by migrants from Belarus. Intelligence data indicate that the Kremlin is preparing for an exacerbation of the migration crisis on the border of Belarus and Ukraine by the end of January.
The first flight of the Belarusian cosmonaut will take place in 2023-2024, it can be a girl, the head of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin told reporters.
“I asked the Belarusian side to pick up a girl so that there was a balance in our cosmonaut corps,” Rogozin said when asked when the preparation of the Belarusian cosmonaut for the flight would begin.
The court in Minsk sentenced the mother of five children and the political prisoner Olga Zolotar to 4 years in prison on charges of gross violation of order and the creation of «extremist formations» — the chat «Zhdanovichi 2020»
The Russian company Just AI, which develops technologies in the field of conversational AI, is launching the Aimyvoice service. It will allow you to buy and create synthesized voices that can be used to sound books, video games, assistants, bots, support services and more. There are 18 options available in the catalog — voice-overs, men, women and children. And in order to synthesize a voice model, you need to register on the platform and upload an audio file, which will contain at least five hours of live speech recording.
The Lefortovo court in Moscow arrested the Russian K.A. Suslov until January 29, 2022. within the framework of a criminal case of high treason, follows from the database of the court. The press service of the court clarified to Interfax that the full name of the suspect is Kirill Andreevich Suslov.
He was charged under Art. 275 of the Criminal Code (high treason). This article provides for 12 to 20 years in prison. The details of the case were not disclosed.
Ferries stopped 40 years ago between Turkey and Libya, the route Izmir — Misrata, travel time 48 hours
For the first time, a Moscow court received protocols on Google and Meta for repeated failure to remove prohibited content, for which they face fines of up to 10% of annual revenue, the court told RIA Novosti
The visa-free regime with San Marino will affect only Russians arriving in the republic by private planes, the Foreign Ministry explained to RIA Novosti.
«If a Russian citizen arrives at an Italian airport to get to San Marino, he will be required to have a (Schengen) visa at border control.»
There is no private airport for large planes in San Marino, there is only an airfield for small private flights.
“We are limited in territory,” the official explains.
From November 25 to December 1, non-resident funds got rid of the securities of Russian companies for $ 160 million, and over the past two weeks they have withdrawn $ 370 million from the market — a record amount since March 2020, according to a BCS Global Markets review, citing EPFR Global data.
Belarus recognized as «extremist materials» the social networks of the Belarusian service of Radio Liberty
Roskomnadzor has restored access to the Etsy website. It is the largest marketplace for selling handmade items. Etsy has been blocked due to a Gucci replica page that has already been deleted
The Japanese corporation NEC will present a certification system for COVID-19 vaccination based on facial recognition, Kyodo reports.
Users will need to register their vaccination history and upload a face photo. The system will scan their faces upon entering the facility, and it will take a few seconds for the vaccination status to be confirmed. The technology provides 99.9% accuracy even when the wearer is wearing a mask, according to the company.
Three-day voting turned out to be convenient for voters, including those who wanted to vote at home — Head of the Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation Pamfilova at a meeting with Putin
Ukraine is starting «practical» construction of naval bases in Berdyansk (Sea of Azov) and Ochakov (Black Sea), the defense minister said.
The duty on the export of sunflower oil from Russia from January 2022 will increase to $ 280.8 per ton, follows from materials published on the website of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation. In December this year, it is $ 276.7.
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