17 Дек, 2021

Most bitcoins are already in circulation

According to the Blockchain.com portal, the vast majority of bitcoins — 90% of the coins — are already in circulation. At the same time, industry experts argue that it will take more than a century to mine the remaining 10 percent of the cryptocurrency.

12 years have passed since the mining of the first bitcoins, and there are 18.9 million coins in open circulation. According to the forecasts of the CoinDesk exchange, the turnover of all bitcoins should be expected no earlier than 2140.

Bitcoin halving, which occurs approximately every four years, primarily means a reduction in the reward for each mined block. Halving continues to complicate the mining process. In other words, miners now receive 6.25 bitcoins for each block added to the blockchain, but in 2024 the amount of the reward will be halved.

Meanwhile, about 20% of bitcoins (3.7 million) of those already mined are considered «lost» for various reasons — this means that they cannot be obtained.

 

<<< News feed December 17, 2021 >>>

 

The Central Bank of Russia is in favor of completely banning investments in «crypto» for both unqualified and qualified investors, Reuters reports, citing market sources.

The central bank saw risks to financial stability in the growth of cryptocurrency transactions, in which, according to its own estimates, Russians are investing $ 5 billion annually.

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Housing affordability for Russian families declined for the first time in 12 years. This was announced by the auditor of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation Natalya Trunova at the parliamentary hearings in the Federation Council on measures to stimulate housing construction.

The decline in affordability is due to the sharp rise in housing prices in Russia. So, at the end of 2020, real estate prices in the primary market increased by an average of 12% in relation to 2019. In 2021, price increases in different regions vary from 15% to 30%.

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A live Christmas tree turned out to be more environmentally friendly than an artificial one. According to Italian scientists, its carbon footprint is 37 times less. If we take trees of the same size, then the carbon footprint of a living will be 0.522 kilograms of CO₂, and an artificial one — 19.4 kilograms. And that’s not counting the emissions from its transportation. To balance these indicators, the artificial tree will have to be used for 37 years.

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At a presentation in Munich, the Russian-Swiss WayRay demonstrated the concept of the Holograktor, an electric vehicle that the company has been working on since spring 2019.

The power reserve of the electric vehicle is about 600 km, acceleration to 100 km / h takes 3.9 seconds, and the maximum speed is 200 km / h. Also in the car, WayRay uses glass created on the basis of True AR augmented reality displays.

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The Kuaizhou-1A light-class solid-propellant rocket launched from the Jiuquan Cosmodrome in the Gobi Desert at 04:00 UTC on December 15, as indicated in the airspace closure notices.

Chinese state media reported the launch failure a few hours later, succinctly stating that the launch had failed, with specific reasons being further analyzed and investigated.

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Trace Gas Orbiter has discovered vast reserves of water in the Valleys of the Mariner, the largest known canyon in the solar system. It turned out that the central part of the Valleys of the Mariner was filled with water — much more than expected. This is similar to areas of permafrost on Earth, where ice stays under dry soil due to constant low temperatures. The accumulation of a valuable resource opens up prospects for potential expeditions

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The city council in Loznitsa voted to suspend a regional development plan that allowed lithium mining, Euronews reported. The work in the mine was to be carried out by the Australian-British concern Rio Tinto.

A few days earlier, the Serbian parliament suspended two key laws that would have allowed the mining company to start implementing the project.

Environmental groups and civil society organizations blocked major roads and bridges in Belgrade and other cities for three consecutive weekends to oppose Rio Tinto’s plans. Activists believe that lithium mining can severely harm rivers and agricultural land.

Lithium, which is used in batteries for electric vehicles, is considered one of the most sought-after metals of the future.

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European supermarkets are ditching Brazilian beef due to deforestation in the Amazon. Such networks as Carrefour Belgium, Delhaize, Auchan, Albert Heijn, Lidl, Sainsbury’s, Princes participate in the promotion. Corned beef, beef jerky and fresh cuts will be recalled from stores.

The companies made this decision after American and Brazilian civil society groups announced a link between illegal logging and the factories of Brazilian meat processing giants JBS, Marfrig and Minerva.

As DW explains, the cows are raised on illegally cleared land and then sold to a legal farm to hide their origins, and then sent to the slaughterhouse.

Deforestation in Brazil has skyrocketed with President Jair Bolsonaro’s rise to power, canceling environmental protection measures. Deforestation reached a 15-year high in 2021, according to scientists.

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The prosecutor’s office found a kindergarten in Moscow organized by migrants. The private kindergarten was located on Rimsky-Korsakov Street (North-Eastern Administrative District), “occupying a premise on the 1st floor of a residential building, at the time of the check in the kindergarten there were 20 young children aged 1 to 5 years previously citizens of neighboring states, some of which they are not registered on the territory of the Russian Federation ”.

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The authorities in Guangdong Province of China have announced the inclusion of an underwater data center project in a five-year development plan. Underwater datacenters will significantly reduce cooling costs.

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Japanese telecommunications giant KDDI has partnered with Mawari to create a new type of virtual assistant dubbed the «digital human.»

The idea is to give every interested client a digital assistant that can move away from just visualizing information and giving advice and create a kind of parallel world instead. Digital creatures will live and work in it, relying on the power of artificial intelligence to come to the aid of real people when called.

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Rolls-Royce engineers have created an experimental Power Generation System 1 propulsion system intended as a demonstration of hybrid propulsion systems for the aircraft of the future. A universal solution that can also be used in purely electrical systems.

The installation consists of a generator, an AE2100 turboshaft engine for its spin-up, a temperature control complex and controls. At its peak, Power Generation System 1 should reach 2.5 MW. A modest unit the size of a keg of beer can already provide energy to 1,000 residential buildings.

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Sberbank tested servers based on Russian Elbrus processors in its ecosystem and came to the conclusion that it was impossible to use them. Elbrus development has been carried out since 2011 and cost the budget 1.25 billion rubles

Zhbanov: “The technical conclusions are quite simple: very weak for comparison with Intel Xeon — little memory, slow memory, few cores, little frequency. Functional requirements are catastrophically not met. At the moment, Sberbank says no, but we are pleasantly surprised that it works at all. »

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In the Libyan capital Tripoli, armed men seized the presidential palace, as well as the government headquarters and the building of the Ministry of Defense. The attempted coup took place on the eve of the country’s first presidential elections.

Militants from the Al-Samoud brigade announced that there would be no presidential elections, and also promised to close all government offices in the capital. Electricity cut off in several areas of Tripoli

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From Friday, December 17, Gazprom will stop transit through the Yamal-Europe pipeline, which supplies consumers in Germany via Belarus and Poland. The day-ahead auction for the gas pipeline’s capacity on Thursday ended in vain: Gazprom refused to book any volume, Interfax reports.

In the previous two weeks, Yamal-Europe operated at a third of its design capacity, pumping 31 million cubic meters per day, and in October Gazprom shut down the pipeline completely, as a result of which it worked in reverse mode for four days in a row — from west to east.

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US Presidential Adviser Sullivan discussed Ukraine with the Bucharest Nine (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia).

«Mr. Sullivan informed about recent communication with Russian officials and consulted with colleagues on issues important to transatlantic security. Mr. Sullivan and his colleagues stressed the need for Russia to take immediate steps to de-escalate the situation on its border with Ukraine,» Bely said. House.

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The State Security Committee of Belarus recognized the activities of the independent initiative «Gathering», created for dialogue with the authorities, extremist, writes the Zerkalo edition, citing an updated list of extremist organizations on the website of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus.

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The US Department of Commerce has imposed sanctions on the Chinese Academy of Military Medical Research and its 11 research institutes, as well as several electronics companies in China, Georgia, Turkey and Malaysia.

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Director Alexander Sokurov wrote an appeal addressed to the head of the HRC Valery Fadeev, in which he apologized for what had happened at a meeting with the president and said that his friends warn him about the existing threat to his life

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In Bulgaria, the Plovdiv Court of Appeal has ordered the release from arrest on bail of three foreigners accused of espionage at the Arsenal military plant, two of whom are Russian citizens, the state-owned Bulgarian National Radio (BNR) reported.

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US President Joe Biden has extended by one year the decree imposing sanctions based on the Global Magnitsky Act.

According to the Global Magnitsky Act, the president can impose sanctions on any foreign citizen who is «responsible for extrajudicial killings, torture or other gross violations of internationally recognized human rights.»

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Fighters of the Afghan National Resistance Front, which opposed the radical Taliban movement that seized power in the country (terrorist movement is banned in the Russian Federation), killed 61 radical militants in the past eight days, and wounded 42 more people. This was announced by the spokesman for the militia, Sibgatulla Ahmadi.

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Britain, Canada, Ukraine and Sweden called on the Iranian authorities to enter into negotiations on payment of compensation for the downed Boeing plane to Ukraine International Airlines, threatening otherwise with international proceedings.

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The European Union has unanimously decided to extend the economic sanctions against Russia imposed due to the situation in Ukraine, European Council President Charles Michel said on Twitter.

“We urge Russia to fulfill its part of the deal and adhere to the Minsk agreements,” he said.

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Gazprom Neft did not buy 50% of Tomskneft, because it “was not satisfied with the parameters and conditions under which this share was offered,” said the head of the company, Alexander Dyukov. NNK Eduard Khudainatov became the owner of the stake

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The Central Bank has revoked the license for banking operations from the non-bank credit organization (NPO) «Premium», according to the regulator’s website.

The Central Bank believes that the NPO violated federal laws that govern banking and the provisions of the Bank of Russia regulations. Because of this, he repeatedly tried to influence the organization throughout the year, the report said.

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Kamaz, in need of labor force, this year for the first time attracted migrants to work — the company employs 450 people from Uzbekistan, said the general director of Kamaz Sergey Kogogin. According to him, the possibility of attracting prisoners under the FSIN program is also being considered, Vedomosti writes.

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Joe Biden is set to run for a second term with Vice President Kamala Harris. This was announced by the Deputy Press Secretary of the White House Karin Jean-Pierre.

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An elevator with a passenger fell off in one of the towers of the Federation complex in the Moscow City business center, flying from the 27th to the 14th floor, where it braked sharply. The passenger escaped with bruises, an emergency source said.

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The court, at the request of the Prosecutor General’s Office, re-arrested the assets of the former head of the State Traffic Safety Inspectorate of the Stavropol Territory, Alexei Safonov, accused of bribery, and his relatives. Under interim measures were two dozen real estate objects, including the famous house with a golden toilet registered to his partner, as well as six foreign cars, Kommersant learned

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The net outflow of funds from funds investing in Russian assets and bonds (taking into account those focused not only on the Russian Federation) amounted to $ 250 million for the week through December 15, according to BCS Global Markets.

A week earlier, the outflow was $ 90 million. According to BCS Global Markets, the outflow has been observed for the sixth week in a row.

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Russia ranks first in the world in the number of people killed in fires. Acting head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations Alexander Chupriyan stated that this figure is 5.8 deaths per 100 thousand people. According to him, this is higher than in the CIS countries, the USA and Germany.

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On the second attempt, Gazprom booked pumping through the Polish section of the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline, according to the results of the auction on the GSA Platform booking platform, Interfax reports.

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Farmers and agricultural cooperatives are allowed to sell their products on the territory of their own plots. This is established by law, which comes into force today.

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From January 1, 2022, the minimum wage (minimum wage) will increase by 1,098 rubles and will amount to 13,890 rubles per month. The corresponding law comes into force on December 17.

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A 63-year-old South Dakota engineer who worked for Pentagon contractors was arrested in the United States. He is suspected of spying for Russia, for which he faces the maximum punishment in the form of life imprisonment.

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Animals, like people, inherit property, knowledge and places in the hierarchy — this was found out by scientists from the United States. According to the authors of the study, studying the concept of privilege among animals can help to better understand the «deep evolutionary roots of inequality» in human society.

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The United States began to return 200 antiquities illegally exported from Italy, including ancient Roman sculpture, which almost fell into the possession of Kim Kardashian, writes The Guardian. The artifacts, worth almost € 9 million, were stolen and sold to private collectors, museums or auction houses.

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NATO adheres to an open door policy not only in words, but also in deeds, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg said at a press conference after talks with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky. The Secretary General recalled that in recent years, NATO has admitted Montenegro and North Macedonia.

“We have expanded the North Atlantic Alliance despite protests from Russia,” he said. Stoltenberg also cited Article 10 of the North Atlantic Treaty, according to which the alliance can invite other European countries to join NATO.

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YouTube may receive a warning for blocking the German Russia Today channel. Failure to comply with it threatens partial or complete blocking in Russia — Roskomnadzor

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North Koreans were banned from having fun and drinking alcohol for 11 days. They can’t even make purchases — all because of the mourning for the deceased dictator Kim Jong Il. If a random Korean dies suddenly, his family will not be allowed to mourn. And the body of the deceased will be allowed to be taken out only after the end of the mourning.

A special department of law enforcement agencies monitors the maintenance of the atmosphere of mourning. Those who previously broke the rules were arrested, branded as ideological enemies, and taken away. No one else saw the intruders.

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Belarusian blogger Eduard Palchis, accused of organizing actions aimed at gross violation of public order during the 2020 presidential campaign, and other offenses, was sentenced to 13 years in prison, BelTA agency reported.

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Russia, in response to the decision of the EU summit to extend economic sanctions against Moscow for six months, will mirror its countermeasures, said the press secretary of the Russian president Dmitry Peskov.

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The Kremlin hopes that the Russian market will become interesting for the American businessman Elon Musk. In this case, his communication with Russian President Vladimir Putin is not excluded, said the press secretary of the head of state Dmitry Peskov.

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Russian President Vladimir Putin will instruct law enforcement agencies to ensure the safety of Alexander Sokurov in the event of a threat to the director’s life, but so far such fears are exaggerated, said the press secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov.

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Rusal launched the first stage of the Taishet aluminum smelter in the integrated testing mode, the construction of which was suspended due to the 2008 crisis. The enterprise will become one of the largest projects of the company.

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Australian scientists have found the world’s longest centipede. She counted about 1306 legs, this is an absolute record for the insect world. Moreover, its length is only 9.5 centimeters, and its width is one millimeter.

The new species was found in Australian caves at a depth of 60 meters. It was named Eumillipes persephone, after the ancient Greek goddess of the underworld, Persephone. To count all the legs, the scientists photographed the centipede under a powerful microscope and painted each pair of limbs. Everything about everything took about an hour

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The Bank of Russia on Friday, December 17, raised its key rate for the seventh time in a row. It was raised by 1 percentage point. up to 8.5%. The corresponding decision was made at a meeting of the Board of Directors of the Central Bank.

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The Russian authorities have planned unprecedented measures to stimulate infrastructure development in 2022, Finance Minister Anton Silunov said during a visit to Kazan. According to him, next year is associated with the need to «make a breakthrough» in infrastructure and investments in order to «maintain the pace» of economic growth.

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This year, another revaluation of the cadastral value of apartments took place in Moscow. On average, the rating increased by 21%, Forbes found out.

At a price of up to 10 million rubles. apartment tax is 0.1%, and higher — 0.15%. For those who fall into this transition, not only the tax base (the cost of the apartment) will increase, but also the rate. The tax increase can be up to 2 times. According to experts, this is 280 thousand families.

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US President Joe Biden has signed legislation to increase the national debt limit by $ 2.5 trillion, to $ 31.4 trillion, the White House press service reported.

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One and a half thousand languages ​​may disappear by the end of the 21st century. This is one in five of the officially recognized languages ​​on the planet. According to Australian scientists, this is due to the road infrastructure. The more paths connect points on the map, the higher the risk of languages ​​disappearing. To slow down this process, it is necessary to support bilingual education, that is, to teach children not only the main language of the country, but also the language of the indigenous people.

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The American border service told about the incident with three SUVs traveling from Mexico to the United States. There were 18 Russian citizens from 21 to 53 years old in the cars. To stop the violators, they had to open fire.

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Huawei participated in the development of total control systems for people commissioned by the Chinese government, writes The Washington Post. The company has long denied such accusations, but documents with the status of «confidential» found on the company’s website indicate close cooperation with government agencies in China. According to journalists, Huawei has worked on smart prison systems and tracking by «voice prints»

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The Russian authorities are discussing raising the price level for determining cars that fall under the luxury tax, the Ministry of Industry and Trade said. The level of 3 million rubles was set back in 2014, but the average price of a car in Russia during this time increased by more than 80%.

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Former presidential candidate of Belarus Svetlana Tikhanovskaya and her associates Maria Kolesnikova and Veronika Tsepkalo became laureates of the prestigious Charlemagne International Prize in 2022.

The international award’s board of directors announced that Tikhanovskaya, Kolesnikova and Tsepkalo will be honored for their fight against «the violation of basic human rights by an authoritarian regime, as well as in [recognition of] the fight for democracy, freedom and the rule of law.»

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The court detained the rector of the Smolensk State University of Sports Georgy Grets. Grets and the director of the structural unit are suspected of embezzling and embezzling more than 1.5 million rubles from the funds of the educational institution.

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