13 Jan, 2020

News digest for 01/11-12/2020

Belarus has introduced an environmental tax on the transit of Russian oil

Belarus has introduced an environmental tax for the transit of oil and petroleum products on its territory, BelTA Agency reported with reference to the press service of President Alexander Lukashenko.

“President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko signed decree No. 9 “on taxation”. In order to form a source of funds for the elimination of possible environmental consequences in the event of an accident on the main oil pipeline or other unforeseen situations related to the movement of oil and oil products on the territory of Belarus, the profit tax rate of 50% is set for organizations engaged in the transportation of oil and oil products%”

In addition, the object of taxation as an environmental tax is recognized as transit transportation of oil and oil products through the territory of Belarus by main pipelines.

In Iran, said that the Ukrainian airliner was shot down by mistake

The passenger plane of the company “International airlines of Ukraine”, crashed near Tehran, was shot down accidentally as a result of human error, said the General staff Of the armed forces of Iran.

Sad day. According to the preliminary findings of an internal investigation of the armed forces, the human factor during the crisis caused by us adventurism led to the disaster. We deeply regret, apologize and offer our condolences to our people, the families of all the victims and other affected countries. – Javad Zarif, Iranian diplomat

In the state Duma criticized Iran because of the guilty plea

The State Duma criticized the position of the Iranian authorities, who admitted guilt for the crash of a passenger plane Boeing 737-800 “International airlines of Ukraine”, which was mistakenly shot down by the military near Tehran. The corresponding statement was made by the Deputy Chairman of the defense Committee Yuri Shvytkin, according to the radio station “Moscow Speaks” on Saturday, January 11.

“It was a missile attack provoked by the United States, that is, a response from Iran, unintentional. Here we need to condemn both the actions of the United States and the actions of Iran regarding the downed plane, ” he explained.

Rouhani urged to eliminate the shortcomings of Iran’s defense systems

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said it was necessary to eliminate all the shortcomings of the country’s defense systems after a passenger plane was accidentally shot down near Tehran.

The Russian state Duma condemned the actions of Iran and accused the United States

Deputy Chairman of the state Duma Committee on defense Yuri Shvytkin said that Russian parliamentarians condemn the actions of Iran, which shot down the Ukrainian plane, but understand that this strike was provoked by the United States. We condemn both the actions of the US and the actions of Iran.

Kiev will demand compensation for the downed Boeing in Iran

Kiev will demand punishment for those responsible for the crash of the Boeing 737-800 near Tehran, as well as compensation, said on Friday at a briefing, Ukrainian foreign Minister Vadim Priestayko.

Russia has accused the US of approaching the destroyer with a Russian ship

The Russian defense Ministry has accused the us side of a dangerous approach of the us Navy destroyer Farragut with a Russian ship in the Arabian sea.

Trump said the need to establish trade relations with Russia

“I think we should be able to trade with Russia. I think we can get along with Russia after the witch hunt… ended and they (investigators) spent $45 million and found nothing, ” us President Donald trump said in an interview with Fox News.

Swiss court ordered Russia to pay Ukraine $ 82 million over Crimea

The Swiss Federal court upheld the decision of the Geneva arbitration, obliging Russia to pay 12 Ukrainian companies more than $ 82 million for the loss of assets in the Crimea. Thus, the Swiss court rejected two appeals of Russia on this court decision, writes January 10 Swiss Info.

Naftogaz to file updated lawsuits against Russia over assets in Crimea

“Naftogaz of Ukraine” intends to submit updated claims to Russia because of losses from losses of assets in the Crimea, said in an interview Liga.net Executive Director of the company Yuri Vitrenko.

Medvedev urged to ban nicotine-containing mixtures on the territory of the EEU

Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev has taken the initiative to completely ban the trade in nicotine-containing mixtures on the entire territory of the Eurasian economic Union (EEU).

23 thousand verification events were held in the regions of the Russian Federation. Installed only over the weekend 400 sites. Moreover, I can say that 13 criminal cases have been initiated under the relevant articles of the Criminal code for the suppression of such activities. – Vladimir Kolokoltsev, Russian lawyer

The Russian government will ensure the security of Russians in the middle East

The Russian Cabinet of Ministers will promptly take all necessary measures to ensure the safety of Russians, including their evacuation, when the situation in the middle East worsens, the press Secretary of the Prime Minister Oleg Osipov told RIA Novosti.

Haftar’s army announced the cessation of hostilities in Libya

The Libyan national army (LNA) of Marshal Khalifa Haftar has announced the cessation of hostilities in Western Libya from midnight Sunday local time, according to a statement from the LNA

The Central Bank told about new options for pension payments

In the new pension scheme-the guaranteed pension plan-at the end of the accumulative phase, a person will have a choice – to get all the savings at once, paying income tax (now 13%), or buy a lifetime pension plan. So far, one standard version of such a plan is offered, although pension funds will be able to offer others, first Deputy Chairman of the Bank of Russia Sergey Shvetsov said in an interview with Rossiyskaya Gazeta.

Under the guaranteed pension plan (GPP), a bill that the government is preparing to submit to the state Duma, payments begin either 30 years after the start of savings or when you reach retirement age-which will come earlier.

Moscow polyclinics no longer serve visitors from other regions for MHI

This notification was sent by the Moscow city Fund of MHI to the heads of medical organizations.

The reason is the debts of the territorial funds of the MLA. It is noted that until they are repaid, the medical institutions located in the capital will not actually be able to continue working on inter-territorial calculations, writes Vademecum. Roszdravnadzor reported that such measures are illegal. The Agency sent a warning to the Moscow city Fund of the MLA.

The principle of operation and the procedure for the operation of the MHI insurance document on the territory of Russia is regulated by the law No. 323-FZ “on the basis of public health protection” adopted in 2011. According to the law, a citizen has the right to use medical care even if the policy is obtained in another city.

The ROC called the temples a suitable place for Dating

This opinion was expressed by the Chairman of the Synodal Department for external Church relations, Metropolitan Hilarion. He believes that it is not necessary to turn ” the house of God into a place for finding brides, but, on the other hand, in the atmosphere of the temple can be born not only personal acquaintance, but also love.” The Metropolitan on the TV channel “Russia 24” added that many couples met in the Church, when performing any Church obediences

Box office receipts of domestic films fell by 11%

Box office receipts of all Russian-made films in 2019 amounted to 12.3 billion rubles, a decrease of 11.3% compared to 2018. This is stated in the annual report of the Russian film Foundation. This is the first sharp drop in five years.

Net inflows to mutual funds set a new record

Net inflows to mutual funds showed a new record the End of 2019 was extremely successful for the collective investment market. In December, management companies attracted more than 30 billion rubles to open mutual funds (mutual Funds) – twice as much as in the whole of 2016.

The US has threatened to deny Iraq access to oil sales funds

Washington is threatening to deprive Iraq of access to a government Bank account in the United States, which stores funds received from the sale of oil, reports the Wall Street Journal, citing sources in Baghdad

The US will send more than a dozen Saudi troops out of the country

More than a dozen Saudi military personnel undergoing training in the United States will be expelled from the country as a result of the inspection that followed the shooting at a military base in Florida, CNN reported, citing sources.

China has commissioned the world’s largest radio telescope FAST

Chinese specialists completed the commissioning of the FAST radio telescope in Guizhou province on January 11. This is reported by China Daily. Construction of the telescope was completed in 2016. The commissioning was preceded by a three — year period of testing, which confirmed the calculations of specialists-all technical indicators of the telescope reached the planned values or exceeded them.

As the name implies (from the English. Five hundred meter Aperture Spherical Telescope-FAST), the diameter of the telescope is 500 meters, making it the world’s largest radio telescope with a filled aperture. The project cost about 1.2 billion yuan ($170 million). In addition to Chinese scientists, astronomers from the United States, great Britain and Pakistan work with the telescope. In the future the telescope will be open to other astronomers around the world

The Achilles heel of the Russian space industry is its profitability

“Today, the task of the industry is to form a clear and understandable policy, which should be based on the principles of unification and standardization of solutions to ensure appropriate profitability and enter mass production. This is the “Achilles heel” of the industry today, ” TASS reports the words of Russian Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov.

The Deputy Prime Minister added that the task of the Roscosmos management is to find real ways to improve the industry.

Shinzo Abe refused to be re-elected for a fourth term

Current Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has said he does not intend to run for a fourth term in 2021. According to RT, he also ruled out the possibility of dissolving the lower house of Parliament for early elections. “I don’t even think about it,” Abe shared

In Turkey, they wanted to have time to pick up the s-500 technology

Turkey wants to get as many technologies as possible, such as the S-500. Earlier, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said that Moscow and Ankara discussed the possibility of joint production of the latest s-500 anti-aircraft missile systems.

North Korea told about the conditions of negotiations with the United States on denuclearization

“Even if President trump and leader Kim Jong UN communicate well, these are just personal emotions, and it is clear that the DPRK will no longer be deceived by this and lose time. There will be no more negotiations on lifting part of the UN sanctions in exchange for all the main nuclear facilities of the DPRK, ” said North Korean foreign Ministry adviser Kim Ke Gwan

He noted that North Korea knows that the US will not go to their demands. Thus, for about a year and a half, the Republic, in his opinion, only spends time establishing contacts with the American side. If the US wants to resume dialogue between the countries, it must comply with Pyongyang’s demands.

Putin demanded to improve the quality of life in Crimea

“We need to improve the quality of life on the Peninsula, develop urban and social infrastructure, focusing on the highest and most advanced standards,” Putin said on Friday at a meeting on the socio-economic development of Crimea and Sevastopol, noting that he is referring primarily to the permanent residents of Crimea.

Russian helicopter decided to give the names of the “Mistral»

The first domestic universal landing ships (UDC) will be named “Sevastopol” and “Vladivostok”. This decision was made by the General staff of the Navy, TASS reported, citing a source in the military-industrial complex on Saturday, January 11.

Japanese destroyer and plane will go to the Gulf of Oman

Two P-3C Orion anti-submarine aircraft of the Japanese Maritime self-defense Force flew to participate in a patrol mission in the Gulf of Oman. On this occasion, a ceremony was held at the airport in Naha on Saturday. Japanese aircraft will be stationed at a military base in Djibouti. In the second half of February, the Japanese destroyer Takanami will arrive in the Gulf of Oman. Now its crew is undergoing training, and will leave the ship in Japan on the second of February.

Delivery of two Il-76MD-90A postponed to 2020

Recall that the Ilyushin aviation complex in 2019 was supposed to transfer to the military transport aviation 5 Il-76MD-90A. However, the cooperation was able to transfer only three of these aircraft.

The representative office of Ilyushin told RIA Novosti that the delay was due to tests of purchased components for the aircraft. According to the interlocutor of the Agency, the delay is due to the untimely receipt of components for transport vehicles. However, about what components it is not said.

Supplier of parts for Boeing 737 MAX will lay off more than 2 thousand employees

Spirit AeroSystems, one of the largest suppliers of parts for the Boeing 737 MAX, will lay off about 2.8 thousand employees because of the suspension of production of the liner. 737 MAX flights are banned worldwide from March 2019 due to two plane crashes with these aircraft.

The Ministry of education of Russia told about changes in school assessments

Minister of education of Russia Olga Vasilyeva said that the success of students in music, physical education and fine arts will be evaluated on a scale of “credit-failure”. This is reported by “Rossiyskaya Gazeta”.

Olga Vasilyeva: some schools have long used the “test” – “failure”, or even a 100-point system. But when it comes time to get a certificate, all the scores are given to a single denominator: “5”, “4”, “3”.

Russia will invest 30 billion rubles in oil and gas engineering

The head of the Ministry of industry and trade of the Russian Federation Denis Manturov said that the government will Finance oil and gas engineering in Russia for 30 billion rubles until 2024. By the end of 2020, the share of imports in this area will fall to 43%, TASS writes, citing a source. In 2014, the industry depended on imports by 60%.

Sberbank lowered rates on deposits in rubles

Sberbank has reduced rates on some Deposit products in rubles. At the moment, the maximum yield on the Deposit in Sberbank is 4.5% per annum when placing the amount of 400 thousand rubles for a period of six months to two years. Taking into account the capitalization of interest, this rate will be 4.54%.

Improvement of Moscow is more expensive than national projects

This year, the Federal authorities will spend 35.5 billion rubles on the state program “development of health care” and the national project “health Care”. According to the order of the Russian government, the funds will be distributed among 46 regions of the country. This is eight times less than last year was spent on the improvement of Moscow, writes Finanz.ru.

Recall that the repair of Moscow cost 281 billion rubles, which went to the streets, courtyards and other infrastructure. In 2018, Sergei Sobyanin called it one of the” coolest ” businesses, thanks to which the capital’s budget receives huge funds.

According to the Agency, the total amount of funds is 11% less than the budget-2020 will spend on the maintenance of the Duma, the Federation Council, the presidential administration and the government (39.5 billion rubles, according to the accounts chamber), and more than 40 times lower than the cost of state defense orders (1.5 trillion rubles).

Every fourth Russian gave more than 80% of their income on loans

In 2019, every fourth borrower in Russia gave more than 80% of their income on loans. This is reported by RBC with reference to the review of the rating Agency Fitch, compiled on the basis of the Central Bank’s unified methodology for determining the maximum debt load (PD). Banks are obliged to determine it from October 1.

We will remind, according to the project onf “for the rights of borrowers”, each family in the country owed to credit organizations 301,4 thousand rubles. The total debt of Russians to banks exceeded 17 trillion rubles — this amount is comparable to the entire expenditure part of the Federal budget of the Russian Federation for 2020. However, the savings of Russian citizens, according to onf calculations, exceed debts and amount to 23.1 trillion rubles.

For the first time, the structure of heart RNA is depicted

A full three-dimensional structure of human heart RNA was created by scientists from the Los Alamos national laboratory. According to the journal “Nature Communications”, a group of researchers used the technique of small-angle x-ray scattering – “SAXS”. The structure created is the longest to date — 636 nucleotides. Understanding RNA will allow us to find new methods of regenerative medicine for people with heart disease.

For hacking Tesla Model 3 hackers offered a million dollars

The organizers of the Pwn2Own hacker competition announced that for the second year in a row, Tesla will become the sponsor in the “Cars” category. The American brand will not only provide a brand new model 3 sedan for hacking, but will also distribute several cars to the winners. The total prize Fund in monetary terms will exceed one million dollars

Christopher Columbus’s stories about Caribbean cannibals were confirmed

American scientists from the state University of North Carolina, after studying the skulls of ancient representatives of the population of the Caribbean Islands, found that recorded by Christopher Columbus more than 500 years ago, evidence of the Caribbean Indians, terrible cannibals are true, the press service of the Museum of natural history of Florida with reference to the scientific journal Scientific Reports.

Japanese billionaire to hand out $9 million to his Twitter followers

Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa, who is preparing to become the first space tourist of Elon Musk’s company SpaceX, has promised to raffle $9 million among his Twitter followers. The money will be distributed as part of a “social experiment”: the businessman wanted to understand whether they will make people happier.

In Switzerland, scientists have created a gold bar made of plastic

Scientists from Switzerland managed to create a completely new form of gold. The new material is almost identical to the usual ingot-it can also be polished or given the desired shape. But the weight of the new gold is ten times less, and it includes plastic

China has created the first mobile quantum satellite communication station

China has created the world’s first mobile station for communication with a satellite on a secure quantum cryptography channel. As part of the demonstration, the station successfully exchanged information with the first quantum communication satellite “Mo-Tzu”, which was launched in 2016, according to New Scientist.

The General of the Ministry of defense who stole the salaries of subordinates received a suspended sentence

The second Western district military court on Friday found guilty Lieutenant General Sergei Chvarkov in the case of theft from subordinates salaries in the amount of 4.3 million rubles. According to RBC, the Prosecutor’s office asked to sentence Chvarkov to 4.5 years in prison, a fine of 450 thousand rubles and deprivation of military rank.

Having considered the case materials and finding proved the General’s guilt under part 3 of article 159 of the criminal code, the court sentenced him to probation (3 years) without a fine. The result Charkov was released from custody in the courtroom. The court explained the lenient punishment by the presence of mitigating circumstances in the case. This is the military merit of the General, the state of his health, impeccable and honest service

From the FSB fired shooting shooting on Lubyanka employees

From the Central office of the FSB of Russia were dismissed five people who filmed on mobile phones shooting at Lubyanka, the newspaper reported Znak.com with reference to sources. It is noted that those who sent the video in messengers or passed it to the media also got fired.

Google is asked to allow Android to remove preinstalled programs

According to today News Ufa, Android smartphones, when installing SOFTWARE, get pre-installed applications that can not be removed. Meanwhile, these programs have access to the camera, microphone and location of the person who carries the phone with them.

More than 50 international human rights organizations, including Privacy International, sent a joint open letter to the CEO of Alphabet Inc. Sundar Pichai with a request to take action against the use of pre-installed software on Android devices.

Huawei has developed a new operating system

Recall that the first proprietary operating system of the Chinese technology giant Huawei is Harmony OS, developed since 2012. Now it became known that the company did not stop there and developed another shell called openEuler.

Windows 7 users were offered a similar OS

On January 14, official support for Windows 7 will stop. On this day, Microsoft will release the final update, and then a paid subscription will be available only for corporate users. However, the developers of the KDE graphical environment for Linux took advantage of the closure of Windows 7 and offered an alternative solution. They suggest switching to Linux with a similar design.

Google will continue to support Chrome on Windows 7

Google noted that the transition to the new operating system is a complex operation, so many users, including corporate, can continue to work under Windows 7. Therefore, the company will ensure full compatibility of the Chrome browser with Widnwos 7 for at least 18 months after the termination of support for this version of the operating system.

Canon has suspended the development of new SLR cameras

The Japanese company Canon has abandoned further development of SLR cameras to focus on mirrorless lenses, said senior Manager of marketing products Canon in Europe Richard shepherd in an interview with Digital Camera World.

Nikon shows off new D6 camera at photo exhibition

The Nikon D6 camera was presented at CES 2020 in Las Vegas by representatives of the company. On January 9, Photowebexpo reports. About the new camera officially almost nothing is known, except its appearance.

The appearance of the camera does not differ in anything special. According to media reports, the camera will not have faster autofocus compared to the D5 camera. It is expected that the dynamic range of the camera will work more effectively at low values of photosensitivity. The camera resolution will not exceed 30 megapixels.

The first laptop with seven screens is presented

Expanscape has announced the creation of the world’s first laptop with seven displays. They have different diagonals and resolutions. The laptop, or rather the prototype, was named Aurora 7. It runs on an Intel Core i9 9900K processor and an NVIDIA GTX graphics accelerator.

The Thermaltake RIING Pro RGB 7.1 headset generates surround sound

Thermaltake showed the RIING Pro RGB 7.1 Gaming Headset at this week’s Consumer Electronics Show 2020 (CES 2020) in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. The device is equipped with a digital-to-analog Converter ESS ES9018 DAC and an amplifier SABRE9601K. the Headset allows you to play audio with a bit depth of 24 bits and a sampling rate of 96 kHz. The new product is able to form a volume virtual audio card format 7.1. There is a control panel on the connecting cable and a microphone mounted on the rod.

Amazon unveils neural network music synthesizer

Amazon has introduced a music synthesizer DeepComposer and the eponymous cloud service for creating music, working on the basis of generative-competitive neural networks. With them, the user can set the main melody on the synthesizer and get a full song, in which the original part is supplemented by drums, guitar and other instruments.

Hongqi introduced a competitor Mercedes S-Class in the face of Hongqi H9

Previously, under the brand Hongqi produced cars exclusively for officials, but in 2016, the FAW group decided to produce luxury mass-produced cars under the brand Hongqi. In 2019, 100 thousand cars were sold, and this is a good indicator for the Chinese market. Now the model range of Hongqi will be replenished with the Hongqi H9 sedan. In China, this model will compete with the flagship sedans Audi, BMW and Mercedes.