11 Фев, 2021

News digest for 02/10/2021

Russian farmers complained that Russians do not want to work, and, in addition, they often do not have the necessary skills. It is impossible to replace migrants with them, as a rule, from Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, even for higher wages.

Deputy Prime Minister Victoria Abramchenko instructed the Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of Labor and the Ministry of Internal Affairs to work out the issue of attracting foreign workers to carry out seasonal work in agriculture in 2021. RBC got acquainted with a copy of the order dated February 8, a representative of the Deputy Prime Minister confirmed the authenticity of the document.

College teacher fired after attending rally

In Novosibirsk, Aleksey Alekseev, a teacher at an industrial and energy college, was fired after he took part in a protest in support of Navalny on January 23. Deputy of the City Council Helga Pirogova told about Alekseev’s dismissal from college. According to the leadership of the educational institution, he provoked students to go to rallies by posting on social networks about his readiness to go to the rally.

Apparently, we will all meet somewhere at the rally. The main thing is to talk about the fate of the country, » Alekseev wrote then, urging possible rally participants to the need to comply with anti-epidemiological requirements and protect themselves from coronavirus

The RAS thanked the scientist for the complaint to Putin about salaries

The Russian Academy of Sciences is grateful to Anastasia Proskurkina, an employee of the Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, for raising the issue of forming salaries for scientists before the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin.

Scientist who told Putin about low wages received a prize

Anastasia Proskurina, an employee of the Institute of Cytology and Genetics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, received an award of 5 million rubles the next day after she complained to Russian President Vladimir Putin about the low salary. The Institute circulated a press release that Proskurina, along with two female colleagues, won the prize for young scientists.

A fence with barbed wire appeared around Sharm El Sheikh

A concrete fence with barbed wire has appeared around the popular Egyptian resort of Sharm el-Sheikh. According to local authorities, such a measure will help protect tourists from terrorists. Reported by CNN.

Everyone who enters the city must pass through one of four checkpoints, each of which is equipped with cameras and scanners, the message says.

Rosneft commented on the investigation of the purchase of Pirelli shares

Rosneft has never acquired shares in the Italian tire giant Pirelli. This response was given in the company in response to the investigation of the publication «Important stories» about the «non-transparent» acquisition of Pirelli shares. The press service of Rosneft clarified that the company only participated in attracting investments, writes Forbes.

Earlier KazanFirst reported that the owner of a 13% stake in the Italian tire manufacturer Pirelli, the purchase of which the state-owned Rosneft announced in 2014, was a resident of a residential area of ​​Kazan. This is the conclusion made by the journalists of the publication «Important stories», having studied the registry data on the beneficiaries of companies registered in Luxembourg. Rosneft acquired a 13% stake in Pirelli in 2014 for almost 553 million euros “at the expense of pension funds and financial institutions”.

Mark Zuckerberg is required to be declared bankrupt

One of the developers and founders of the world’s largest social network Facebook Mark Zuckerberg is required to be declared bankrupt in Russia. The corresponding insolvency claim was filed by an unknown person in the Moscow Arbitration Court. As follows from the file of cases, the court registered the claim the day before, on February 9. Who submitted it and why is not yet known

The Moscow City Heritage did not receive an appeal to return the monument to Dzerzhinsky

The Department of Cultural Heritage of Moscow (Moscow City Heritage) reported that it had not received an appeal to return the monument to Dzerzhinsky on Lubyanskaya Square. Earlier this was asked by some writers, bloggers and journalists.

The Moscow City Heritage often receives such appeals, they are considered by the commission on monumental art under the Moscow City Duma. At the moment, the Department of Cultural Heritage has not received any new requests regarding the return of the monument to Felix Dzerzhinsky to Lubyanskaya Square, — the press service of the RIA Novosti department reported.

The State Duma has supported the bill to increase fines for violations at rallies

State Duma deputies adopted in the second reading a bill on increasing liability for violations of the law in the preparation and conduct of rallies. At the end of last year, the author of the initiative, United Russia deputy Dmitry Vyatkin, proposed to increase the fine for disobeying the participants of rallies to law enforcement officials, as well as add punishment for violations of the rules for financing rallies to the Code of Administrative Violations.

In the Kuril Islands, funds were spent on unnecessary work

Regional deputies at a joint meeting of the committees for economic development and budget and taxes discussed the results of the audit by the Control and Accounts Chamber of the effectiveness of the use of budget funds allocated for the development program of the Kuril Islands until 2025.

The Ministry of Architecture and Construction of the Sakhalin Region, at the expense of the regional budget, made an assessment of the mudflow hazard in the territory of Severo-Kurilsk and developed anti-mudflow protection measures, — said the deputy Alexander Bolotnikov after studying the KSP report. — It cost the budget 35 million rubles! They mastered the money, after which it turned out that no one needed it! 35 million were given!

The oldest bronze and gold hand prosthesis found in Switzerland

According to the Swiss edition Le matin, according to the Archaeological Survey of the Canton of Bern. The discovery was made by amateur archaeologists who explored the surroundings of the village of Prel by Lake Biel. They found a bronze wrist, slightly smaller than a real human hand. The weight of the artifact is about 500 grams, around the «hand» the bronze prosthesis is wrapped in a kind of cuff made of gold foil, fixed with glue made of plant matter.

A recess is made inside the wrist, which could be used to attach the hand to a pole or scepter. Next to the bronze brush was found a 24-centimeter dagger from the Bronze Age, as well as a fragment of a human rib.

The search engines handed over the finds to the archaeological service of the canton of Bern. Particles of plant glue, preserved under the gold cuff, allowed scientists to conduct radiocarbon analysis. The result of the examination made it possible to date the artifact to the Bronze Age around 1500-1400 BC.

Trees will soon stop absorbing carbon dioxide

Trees will no longer capture half of their carbon emissions over the next two to three decades, scientists from the University of Waikato (New Zealand) and the University of Arizona (USA) said on February 9, Prensa Latina reported.

Leonid Volkov was put on the international wanted list

The Investigative Committee of Russia asks to arrest in absentia the comrade-in-arms of Alexei Navalny, who has been put on the international wanted list, Irina Sofinskaya, press secretary of the Basmanny Court of Moscow, told RIA Novosti.

Volkov is accused of persuading teenagers to commit illegal actions, for which he faces up to three years in prison. The investigator asks to arrest him for two months from the moment of detention on the territory of Russia or extradition

Fossil fuel pollution

Scientists from several Harvard universities have studied the effects of pollution from fossil fuels. These pollution turned out to be responsible for roughly 20% of premature deaths globally, with about half of this grim tally coming from China and India, and a million more deaths evenly distributed between Bangladesh, Indonesia, Japan and the United States, the authors of the study reported in the journal Environmental Research.

Material capable of self-learning and change

Experts from the University of Nijmegen presented the intellectual material they developed that can learn by changing themselves. According to physicists, the material undergoes changes in the same way as the human brain does.

SpaceX began accepting pre-orders for Internet Starlink

According to media reports, SpaceX already has enough satellites in orbit to expand its satellite internet open beta program. She started taking pre-orders. Since the end of last year, Mask’s satellite Internet has been available to residents of the USA, Canada and the UK. Access cost — $ 100 per month

Acer unveils new 27-inch WQHD monitor

Acer has expanded its range of monitors with the announcement of the B277Ubmiipprzfx on a 27-inch IPS panel. The panel corresponds to the WQHD format: the resolution is 2560 × 1440 pixels, the aspect ratio is 16: 9. Provides 100% coverage of the sRGB color space.

Brightness reaches 350 cd / m2, contrast ratio — 1000: 1, dynamic contrast ratio — 100,000,000: 1. The device has a 4ms response time (GTG). The monitor is equipped with 2W stereo speakers. To connect signal sources, two HDMI 1.4 connectors, DisplayPort 1.2 and miniDisplayPort interfaces can be used. The panel also houses a hub with four USB 3.0 ports.

Philips introduced a monitor with a retractable camera

Philips has officially unveiled a new monitor model 243B1JH, equipped with a docking station and retractable webcam. According to the developer, sales of this device will begin at the end of this month.

The monitor works on a matrix with IPS format. Image quality is provided in the Full HD standard (1920 x 1080 pixels). The diagonal screen size is 23.8 inches. The monitor is designed for offices and home use. Among the advantages is the presence of a sensor that detects the presence of the user. The monitor will enter sleep mode as soon as you move away from it

Large reserves of water ice have been found under the surface of Mars.

Based on the results of the missions of NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, Mars Global Surveyor and Mars Odyssey spacecraft, scientists from the Subsurface Water Ice Mapping (SWIM) science project were able to create a map of the water ice that was found beneath the planet’s surface. The authors expressed confidence that the map should help to choose the place where the mission arriving on Mars will land in the future. Reported by Nature Astronomy.

The United States created a system for fast printing of drones and robots

Specialists from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) have created a LaserFactory system that independently creates full-featured drones, robots and other electronic devices.

Samsung introduced a new low-cost smartphone

Samsung has introduced a budget smartphone Galaxy M12. The novelty has a larger screen and a large battery. At the top of the display there is a system for unlocking the smartphone by the owner’s face and an 8 megapixel camera, the message says. As many as four lenses were placed on the back.

Depending on the modification, the gadget will have 3 to 6 GB of RAM. The flash drive will also depend on the version. At the same time, the smartphone is based on an unnamed eight-core processor with a frequency of up to 2.0 GHz. The cost of the smartphone will be revealed when it goes on sale

Google will stop tracking users using cookies

A representative of Google announced the creation of FLoC (Federated Learning of Cohorts) technology: it will allow you to opt out of advertising targeting based on cookies.

Disney publishes second trailer for Raiy and the Last Dragon

In the new cartoon from Disney, viewers will see the adventures of the warrior girl Raya. She will try to rally the scattered kingdom of Kumandra, which has split into 5 regions due to dark forces.

Three Toyota sports cars and eight months

The director of the ninth part of «Fast and the Furious» Justin Lin has published a short video from the filming of one of the most difficult episodes of the upcoming blockbuster. It took eight months to shoot the scene with the Toyota GT86, and it only lasts four seconds.

In the video posted, Vin Diesel’s hero drives down the street in a red Toyota GT86. At some point, the sports car of Dominic Toretto is abruptly thrown aside in such a way that the car, flying sideways through the shop window, finds itself in the back of a passing van.

Group «25/17» compared what is happening in the country with «Tales from the Crypt»

The format of tales, which were chosen for their trilogy, which eventually united in the epic album «Tales from the Crypt», by the members of the alternative group «25/17», fits the description of modernity perfectly. Looking at the events taking place, one has to choose — either the depreciated vocabulary, or the Aesopian language, when ordinary words are no longer enough.

The RF Ministry of Finance will discuss the idea of ​​introducing a digital tax in Russia

The RF Ministry of Finance is considering the possibility of introducing a digital tax in Russia. It will primarily affect digital companies, said Deputy Finance Minister Alexei Sazanov.

Large foreign digital companies earn profit from the provision of services in Russia, which, in principle, is not currently taxed. Therefore, we will strive to change the situation, — explains Sazanov KPMG. He noted that the activities of digital companies are not subject to taxes, since they usually do not have representative offices in the Russian Federation.

Electronics has risen in price in Russia since the beginning of the year

Since the beginning of 2021, electronics in Russia have risen in price by 5-20%. This is reported by «Izvestia» with reference to the head of the purchasing department of digital technology «Citylink» Nikolai Petrov.

Qatar intends to implement the world’s largest LNG project

Qatar’s state oil company Quatar Petroleum has announced the launch of the world’s largest liquefied natural gas (LNG) project. The message posted on the company’s website indicates that this will increase the country’s LNG production capacity by more than 43%.

Qatar Petroleum has made the final investment decision to develop the Northeast Field Project (NFE), the world’s largest LNG project, which will increase Qatar’s production capacity from 77 million tonnes per year to 110 million tonnes per year, the press release said. companies.

Twitter boasted excellent performance

Twitter shares rose slightly after the close of trading on Tuesday after the company reported 4Q financial results. Twitter ad revenues for the quarter were up 31% year-on-year to $ 1.15 billion, with overall user engagement increasing 35% over the same period.

The key metrics are:

  • earnings per share were 38 cents versus forecasts of 31 cents;
  • revenue — $ 1.29 billion against the projected $ 1.19 billion;
  • daily active users — 192 million versus the expected 193.5 million

«Naftogaz Ukrainy» has reduced the price for household consumers

The state-owned company Naftogaz of Ukraine set a gas price for its household consumers at 6.86 hryvnia per cubic meter ($ 0.25) including VAT in January, the company’s press service reported.

Donald Trump impeachment process begins in the US Senate

The former head of state is accused of inciting a riot that led to the storming of the Capitol on January 6. Senators recognized the impeachment process of the president, who resigned, as constitutional. Consideration of impeachment will continue on Wednesday.

Sergei Furgal is being checked for involvement in fraud with budget money

The Investigative Committee of Russia is checking the former governor of the Khabarovsk Territory Sergei Furgal, accused of two contract killings and an attempted murder 15 years ago, for involvement in fraud with budget money, writes Kommersant.

In particular, we are talking about the receipt of billions of dollars in loans from SME-bank controlled by Vtorchermetovskie firms, which have not been returned. As part of the investigation, the chairman of the board of this credit institution, Dmitry Golovanov, was placed under house arrest, who allegedly personally authorized the issuance of loans.

Russians know about protests related to the arrest of Alexei Navalny

80% of Russians know from the recent protests related to the arrest of Alexei Navalny, according to Levada Center. These are the most significant results for protests in recent years.

The attitude towards the protesters this time is worse than towards the participants in other protests. The number of people waiting for new protests has reached its highest values ​​since 1998. At the same time, the desire of respondents to take part in protests decreases

In Russia, a case for non-payment of duties was opened against H&M

The Federal Customs Service of Russia opened a criminal case against the Russian representative of the retail chain H&M on charges of evading customs duties in the amount of 3.1 billion rubles.

The Russian subsidiary of H&M is accused of not mentioning in its declarations part of the license fees paid to the parent company in Sweden when importing goods in 2016-2019.

Russia — statistical results 2020 (Rosstat, FCS and Minek)

GDP -3.1%, which is worse than 2015 (-2%), but better than 2009 (-7.8%), real incomes of citizens -3.5% (maximum decrease since 2016)

Demography. The population decreased to 146.2 million (-510 thousand). Mortality rate + 17.9%, birth rate -3.3%, natural loss of 688.7 thousand people. The number of marriages -18.9%, divorces -9.1%.

Prices. Inflation + 4.91%: food + 6.69%, non-food + 4.79%, services + 2.7%.

Sugar + 64.54%, sunflower oil + 25.91%, eggs + 15.14%, cucumbers + 47.5%, tomatoes + 26.1%, cereals + 20.12%, pasta + 12.08%, potatoes + 9.6%, bread + 7.32%, fish + 5.18%, milk + 3.55%, meat + 2.73%, oranges — 4.4%.

Production. Industry -2.9%: mining -7%, manufacturing + 0.3%. Housing commissioning -1.8%, trucking -6%.

Sugar production -20.2%, refined sunflower oil + 6.5%, flour -2.5%, meat + 11%, milk + 2.7%, fish + 0.4%, beer + 3.3%, vodka -4.9%, cognac -11%.

Production of gasoline -3.8%, diesel fuel -0.6%, cars -17.5%, trucks -8.7%, vaccines + 160%, drugs + 19.9%, medical equipment + 34.9%.

Retail trade -4.1% (decline for the first time since 2016): food-stuffs -2.6%, non-food -5.2%. Paid services -17.3%, restaurant market -20.7%.

International trade. Exports -20.7%, imports -5.7%, trade surplus -41.4%. Exports of oil -40.8%, pipeline gas -39.6%, electricity -46.4%, coal -22.5%, ferrous metals -12.1%, aluminum -9.1%.

Russia — public finance by the end of 2020 (Ministry of Finance)

Federal budget. Income -9.1% to the approved, expenses + 16.1%. Deficit of 3.8% of GDP (4.1 trillion rubles), better than expected. NWF + 5.8 trillion rubles (up to 13.546 trillion). Supporting the economy cost about 9% of GDP, due to large borrowings, the national debt rose to 20% of GDP — but the Central Bank sees the situation as stable.

Oil exports by pipeline are at a 16-year low (Argus), but non-oil and gas revenues have increased (personal income tax revenues + 3% in real terms). The Federal Tax Service gave 10.979 trillion rubles to the budget (83.4% of the forecast), the FCS 4.752 trillion (86.7%), other departments — 2.992 trillion (153.4%). The oil damper gave 350-400 billion rubles.

Regional budgets. Expenditures + 15%, revenues + 10% thanks to federal transfers (+ 54%, up to 3.7 trillion rubles). The deficit of 707 billion (of which 570 billion falls on 17 resource regions, Moscow and St. Petersburg) — more than 40% is covered from account balances, 31% — from budget loans. Revenues from income tax (go to the regions) -11.6%.

The state debt of the regions is + 18% (up to 2.5 trillion rubles), but more than half of them are almost free loans from the federal budget. The debt burden as of January 1, 2021 is 27.3%, significantly lower than the maximums after the crisis of 2014 (36.5%).

Russia — Financial Results 2020 (Central Bank of Russia)

External debt -4.3% (up to $ 470.1 billion). Foreign direct investment -95.2% (up to $ 1.4 billion). Net inflow of foreign funds into Russian government bonds — 81.5% ($ 4.1 billion). Net capital outflow + 216% (up to $ 47.8 billion).

Retail lending + 13.5%, corporate loans + 9.9%, while there was no significant deterioration in the quality of loans. Consumer loans + 9.2% (minimum since 2016). The growth of the mortgage portfolio is + 24.8% (maximum since 2014), but the Central Bank does not see overheating in the mortgage market.

The amount of funds of Russians in Russian banks + 4.2% (a strong slowdown due to the massive withdrawal of cash at the peak of the pandemic and low rates), funds of companies + 15.9%.

NATO has strengthened its presence in the Black Sea

NATO Secretary General at a joint press conference with the Prime Minister of Ukraine said that the alliance has strengthened its presence in the Black Sea in response to the strengthening of the Russian fleet and that it attaches strategic importance to this region.

In January, two US destroyers — Donald Cook and Porter — entered the Black Sea. They conducted an exercise with NATO radars and American P-8A anti-submarine aircraft, followed by a joint exercise with the Ukrainian Navy.