25 Фев, 2021

Russian public debt in 2020

In 2020, Russia’s public debt grew by 39.9%, to 18.99 trillion rubles. This is stated in the materials published on the website of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation. According to the ministry, Russia’s national debt over the past year increased by 5 trillion 418.2 billion rubles and reached 18 trillion 985.6 billion rubles, which is 17.8% of the country’s GDP.

As indicated by the Accounts Chamber, in 2019 the national debt increased by 7.8% or 976 billion rubles, and its volume amounted to 13 billion 567.4 billion rubles. or 12.3% of GDP.

At the same time, the materials say that the growth of domestic debt amounted to 45.4% or 4.6 trillion rubles, it reached 14.791 trillion rubles. At the same time, external debt in foreign currency increased by $ 1.9 billion, or 3.5%, to $ 56.8 billion.

Vodka consumption in Russia in 2020

In 2020, per capita consumption of vodka in Russia amounted to 4.9 liters, which is 2% more than the same result in 2019. This is evidenced by the data of the Center for Research on Federal and Regional Alcohol Markets (CIFRRA). They were obtained on the basis of an invoice for the sale of alcoholic beverages, including vodka, from the state alcohol control system EGAIS, as well as preliminary data from Rosstat on the population in Russia as of January 1, 2021.

The media learned about the new yacht for Abramovich

A new explorer superyacht built for Abramovich will be launched next week. Its length will be 145 m — it will be the largest support vessel, writes Forbes magazine, citing sources.

Solaris is a steel hull, aluminum superstructure expeditionary motor yacht with teak decks. She will receive eight decks, an elevator, a gym, a helipad, a Jacuzzi, a swimming pool, as well as a helicopter hangar and a garage for tenders — accompanying ships. The yacht’s 48 cabins can accommodate up to 36 passengers and 60 crew members.

US Federal Reserve is considering the development of an electronic dollar

The US Federal Reserve System (FRS) is carefully studying the possibility of creating an electronic dollar. This was announced by the head of the department Jerome Powell, noting that this must be done in such a way as to avoid negative consequences for the banking system.

“We are very carefully studying the question of whether to introduce the electronic dollar. This is an issue that the world’s central banks are considering … There are significant technical and regulatory issues in relation to how to do this, ”said the head of the US Federal Reserve.

Russians began to turn to psychologists more often

In different regions of the country, the number of people seeking psychological or psychiatric help increased from 10 to 30 percent. Most often, Russians complained of depressive and stressful conditions, worries about health, addictions, conflicts in family and relationships, problems of loneliness, as well as personal and age crises. Most of the applicants are women (74.9 percent). Most often people aged 29–35 years old (26.1 percent of men, 20.6 percent of women) and 36–50 years old (27.9 percent of men, 29.6 percent of women) applied for help.

Aeroflot has cut pilot salaries

Aeroflot has reduced the total income of flight personnel and pilots in connection with a decrease in flight hours amid the coronavirus pandemic, Aeroflot CEO Mikhail Poluboyarinov. He noted that such a measure gave significant savings

Aeroflot is a unique team, keeping the team up is one of the most important tasks. We have already implemented a measure, which the employees reacted with understanding, — this is a decrease in the total income of flight personnel and pilots due to a decrease in flight time, «Poluboyarinov said in an interview with RBC.

In Nakhodka, an unknown person fired at the doctor’s car

Natalya Pezhemskaya, a doctor at the city hospital in Nakhodka, who took part in the filming of a video about the low salary of local doctors, was attacked. According to Sota Vision, an unknown person fired at her car in the parking lot on the night of February 23. The shot damaged the glass of the car

The dragonfly brain will help create a new class of combat missiles

Researchers from Sindia National Laboratory said that in the course of improving the guidance system of combat missiles, it was decided to use the brain of dragonflies. Experts intend to reproduce the behavior of a dragonfly while hunting using software. Then they want to use the obtained data to improve the missile guidance system.

If you roll solar panels into a ball

The main source of energy for most spacecraft is the Sun. However, in order to effectively collect its rays, satellites must have not only large-area photoelectric converters, but also special mechanisms in order to orient their working surface towards the luminary.

A prototype of such a photoelectric converter was presented by scientists from the Saudi King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST for short). The technology description is published on the IEEE Spectrum portal.

Single-celled mold remembers places that are full of food

Remembering past events allows us to make smarter decisions about the future. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPIDS) and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have identified the basis for the formation of memories in the mucous mold Physarum polycephalum, despite its lack of a nervous system.

Slime mold’s astounding ability to solve complex problems, such as finding the shortest path through a maze, earned her the title of intelligent unicellular. Such a discovery could give impetus to the application of the results in the development of intelligent materials and the creation of soft robots that move in complex environments.

The egg cell itself chooses a mate

Researchers from Stockholm and Manchester universities have found that the sex cells of partners decide for themselves whether they fit together or not. And sympathy has absolutely nothing to do with it.

John Fitzpatrick, a zoologist at the University of Stockholm, explains this nuance by the fact that a man does not sacrifice much when he parted with his seed. The woman bears a serious responsibility for carrying future offspring, and this is a complex and in many ways dangerous process. That is why eggs must be extremely selective in choosing a partner.

Transporting drugs to any part of the body

Employees of the Swiss Higher Technical School of Zurich have created a new type of magnetic nanoparticles that can move through vessels against the blood stream. This will ensure targeted delivery of medicines to any point in the body, experts say. It is necessary to control the movement of these particles using ultrasonic pulses and a rotating magnetic field.

Artificial intelligence capable of making scientific hypotheses

Achievements of modern computing technology have reached the scientific field. Israeli scientists claim that they managed to create artificial intelligence, which itself is able to put forward hypotheses. According to the creators of Israeli artificial intelligence, he works in the field of number theory

Astrophysicists have found the reason for the heating of the solar corona

Scientists at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Alabama have explored the various layers of the sun and have been able to measure magnetic fields in detail. This study will help predict solar flares, Science Advances reports. The Sun was observed by the CLASP2 rocket probe and the Japanese scientific satellite Hinode.

Using supercomputers, we were able to analyze the data and, for the first time in history, demonstrate that Alfvén waves can dramatically increase plasma temperatures, » concluded co-author of the study at Queens University in Belfast, Samuel Grant.

Telegram has enabled auto-delete messages in all chats

Telegram messenger has introduced the function of automatically deleting messages from any chats. In this mode, messages disappear 24 hours or seven days after being sent.

Lenovo introduced updated business laptops

Lenovo has announced the next generation ThinkPad T14, ThinkPad T14s and ThinkPad T15 laptops, which will be offered with AMD and Intel processors. Computers will start shipping in March. Pricing from $ 1149 for the AMD-based ThinkPad T14

Android smartphones taught to send deferred SMS messages

Android smartphone owners can update the Messages app. In the update, in addition to minor fixes, Google added the ability to send deferred SMS.

Google has updated old Android OSs with new features

Before the release of the latest version of the Android 12 operating system, Goggle decided to slightly improve the old editions of its OS. In the near future it is planned to update several old systems at once.

Green Day has released a video for the track Here Comes The Shock

Wintershall Dea Announces Completion of Investment in Nord Stream 2

Wintershall Dea, the largest German gas and oil company, has completed financing the Nord Stream 2 construction project with an investment of € 730 million, according to a report by Wintershall Dea for the fourth quarter and 2020, which was published on the organization’s website on Wednesday, February 24. It is reported that no further payments are planned.

“Payments on the loan for Nord Stream 2 amounted to € 730 million and were completed before the revision of the US Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA),” the document says.

Prices for socially important goods frozen in Belarus

Prime Minister of Belarus Roman Golovchenko signed a decree to prevent price increases for socially important goods from February 24. The corresponding document was published on the republican legal Internet portal.

The decree concerns 50 types of drugs and 62 items of socially significant goods. Among them are bread, cereals, meat, sausage, dairy products, soap, toilet paper. The measures are described as temporary, but for how long they are not specified.

Residents of Kazakhstan spend more than half of their earnings on food

Kazakh families spend more than half of their earnings on food, and food prices continue to rise. MPs from the People’s Party of Kazakhstan faction believe that the country needs a food security strategy, faction leader Aikyn Konurov said.

According to the latest data of 2020, the share of expenses on food in the budgets of Kazakhstani families has reached 54.3%. This is a historic record with a minus sign for our country and one of the worst indicators in the world. This fact can be regarded as an alarming signal in the field of food security. But at the same time, no one bears responsibility and does not offer systemic solutions, — the deputy stressed at today’s meeting of the lower house of parliament

Putin and Lukashenko in Sochi discussed coordination of efforts of law enforcement agencies

The presidents of Russia and Belarus, Vladimir Putin and Alexander Lukashenko, during a meeting in Sochi on February 22, discussed the coordination of the efforts of the law enforcement agencies, said the press secretary of the Russian leader Dmitry Peskov.

We spoke separately about the coordination of efforts through the security agencies, including the defense ministries. Also, consultations between these departments will take place quite soon, the defense ministers will communicate, — said Mr. Peskov during a press call.

President of Kyrgyzstan made an official visit to Russia

Kyrgyz President Sadyr Japarov flew to Russia on his first official visit, the press service of the Kyrgyz leader reports. It is noted that Japarov will hold talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin. He is also scheduled to meet with Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin, Federation Council Chairman Valentina Matvienko and State Duma Chairman Vyacheslav Volodin

Nikol Pashinyan says Iskander missiles are inoperable

Nikol Pashinyan announced the inoperability of the Iskander Russian operational-tactical missile systems (OTRK). According to him, Russian missiles are «unusable» and do not fully explode.

Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Defense Committee Viktor Zavarzin accused Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan of lying after his statement about the ineffectiveness of Iskander.

Russia to replace ambassador to Belarus

Russian Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Latvia Yevgeny Lukyanov may be re-appointed to the post of Ambassador to Belarus instead of Dmitry Mezentsev, who has held this post since 2019. Kommersant reported about the impending replacement in the Russian diplomatic mission, citing three informed sources.

Twitter announced the blocking of 100 accounts associated with Russia

These are two groups of accounts, according to the company’s blog. The first includes 69 accounts associated with the Russian authorities, with the help of which, as the company said, was carried out activities aimed at «weakening the stability and reliability of NATO.» The second group included 31 accounts — they were allegedly used to carry out activities against the EU and the United States. According to preliminary data, these accounts were linked to the Russian Internet Research Agency.

Putin signed law to increase fines for violations at rallies

for disobedience to security officials at a rally — a fine of up to 4 thousand rubles (for repeated — up to 20 thousand), 15 days of arrest or up to 120 hours of compulsory labor

for financing a rally contrary to prohibitions — a fine from 10 to 20 thousand rubles and from 70 to 200 thousand for officials

Putin signed the law on fines for violations of the activities of individuals and NGOs — foreign agents:

the dissemination of information about NPOs and physical persons-foreign agents without mentioning this status will face a fine of up to 50 thousand rubles (only the media will be fined)

the production of materials by an NCO-foreign agent without a label on its status will be punished with a fine of 100 to 300 thousand rubles for officials and from 300 to 500 thousand for legal entities

fines for legal entities for the activities of an NCO-foreign agent without registration increase to 5 million rubles

Putin has signed a law criminalizing Internet inducement to use drugs:

up to 10 years in a colony, and if this resulted in the death of several people — from 12 to 15 years.

Earlier, a law was passed on administrative fines of up to 1.5 million rubles for the promotion of drugs on the Internet.

Putin signed a law on fines for violations of the requirements for the stability of the Runet in case of threats to his work from abroad.

Among these requirements, the installation of state control devices on the networks of telecom operators to restrict access to illegal information. The law also includes fines against information resources for sanctions against Russian citizens and the media.

For the first violation, a fine is from 50 to 100 thousand rubles for citizens, from 200 to 400 thousand for officials and from 600 thousand to 1.5 million for organizations.

For repeated — from 200 to 300 thousand for citizens, from 500 to 700 thousand for officials and from 1.5 to 3 million rubles for legal entities

Microsoft announced evidence of a Russian cyber attack on the United States

Microsoft President Brad Smith, during a hearing in the US Senate Intelligence Committee, announced the available evidence of Russia’s involvement in the hacker attack on SolarWinds. However, he did not specify what kind of evidence in question.

“At this stage, we have found substantial evidence that points to Russian foreign intelligence, and we have not found any evidence that would lead us anywhere else,” Smith said.

The State Duma predicted the collapse of the United States

In the next 20 years, the United States will face a rather serious economic catastrophe that could lead to the collapse of the state according to the USSR scenario. This was stated by Andrei Svintsov, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Information Policy, Information Technology and Communications, reports the radio station «Moscow Says».

“There is already talk about this, and a number of American politicians are already proposing to separate California, to separate some other states. Their situation may repeat 1991, ”predicted Svintsov. He explained that then in the Soviet Union there were economic problems and internal political disagreements. According to him, in this case, «the state will turn into a seething cauldron.»

Strategic move: Russia has invested a billion in the US national debt

According to the US Treasury Department, Russia currently has US government bonds worth 6.011 billion: 1.2 billion in long-term and 4.8 billion in short-term. In December, the stock was replenished by a billion. By selling these securities, the US government covers the budget deficit and other expenses.

How forests have disappeared over the past 300 years

In total, over the period from 1700 to 2020, the world has become 1.5 billion hectares of forest less — this is one and a half times the area of ​​the United States.

Until the middle of the 19th century, on average in the world over a decade, there was 19 million hectares of forest less, from the mid-19th century to the 20s of the 20th century, the pace became higher: somewhere in 30 million hectares per decade (area of ​​Italy).

The peak of forest extinction in temperate zones fell on the 20s — 50s of the 20th century: more than 30 million hectares + about 80 million of tropical forests. The general peak of deforestation was in the 1980s, when 151 million hectares of forest were destroyed in 10 years.

Now the situation has noticeably improved. Over the past 30 years, the area of ​​forests in temperate zones has been growing (!), While the area of ​​tropical forests has been decreasing more and more slowly.