9 Apr, 2020

News digest for 04/08/2020

The Ministry of communications of Russia has included a site where dissertations are sold in the list of socially significant sites with free access. The attention it drew was one of the founders of the “Discarnate” Andrew Sakin.

Advertising services for writing scientific papers has been banned since November 2018, Vedomosti reminds. For this, a fine of 100 thousand to 500 thousand rubles for legal entities and from 2000 to 2500 rubles for individuals is provided.

Russian companies forced employees to take unpaid leave

A survey By the center for strategic research found that 49% of companies moved employees to part-time jobs with reduced pay. More than 20% of companies have reduced their salaries, while keeping the same number of working hours. About the same number of companies moved employees to remote work and reduced wages. 16% of companies started layoffs.

Employers do not have the right to send employees on unpaid leave on their own initiative, the Ministry of labor recalled in late March.

Briefly about the address of Russian President Vladimir Putin

  • An urgent task for all regions is to increase the readiness of medical institutions and increase their capacity;
  • All issues related to the fight against coronavirus need to be resolved quickly and promptly;
  • The Ministry of Finance should provide the regions with flexibility and freedom of maneuver in allocating funds for countering coronavirus;
  • The regions have been given wide opportunities to fight the coronavirus, but we will ask them strictly;
  • Medics need increased insurance guarantees, like the military;
  • From April for 3 months, a special payment should be established for doctors fighting the coronavirus: from 25 to 80 thousand;
  • All resources must be collected in a fist;
  • You can’t stop the economy;
  • We need a clear list of organizations that are stopped due to increased risks, and the rest can work;
  • We need to soften the blow for business because of the coronavirus-the losses for it are serious;
  • I propose to extend to all small and medium-sized businesses a six-month delay on insurance payments, as for microbusinesses;
  • We must be prepared to fight for every life;
  • I expect that business, thinking about the future, will make every effort to preserve their companies;
  • The government and the Central Bank in 5 days to develop a program of additional business support to maintain employment and wages;
  • Russia and the Pechenegs were tormented, and the Polovtsians, and we will defeat this coronavirus infection;
  • I understand that I have accumulated fatigue, for most people it is always dreary and nauseating to be in four walls, but there is no choice;
  • I instruct you to provide automatic renewal of expiring documents;
  • For the development of the situation, the next 2-3 weeks will be decisive, we need the maximum concentration of all resources;
  • We need to develop an action plan for each of the scenarios.

The police were allowed to fine all violators of self-isolation

Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin signed an order to introduce fines for violators of the isolation regime. The order says that penalties will be imposed for an administrative offense that infringes “on public order and public safety.”

Violators of the self-isolation regime will be fined 4 thousand rubles. If you went to the city on transport, without having a good reason, the fine is already 5 thousand. In this case, the car can be delayed. The fine for repeated violations will also amount to 5 thousand rubles.

Boeing has discovered two new problems on the 737 MAX airliner

American aircraft manufacturer Boeing Co. has discovered two new problems with the software of the 737 MAX Airliners, according to an email from Boeing, which is referenced by Bloomberg.

One of the newly identified problems is related to a “hypothetical error” of the microprocessor, which can cause the aircraft to gain or lose altitude without the appropriate command, the company said. Another problem may cause the autopilot mode to be disabled when preparing the aircraft for landing. None of the new problems were observed during the flight, but making changes to the SOFTWARE will eliminate the possibility of their occurrence, Boeing said.

Russia’s military has put Kaspersky on a par with Einstein and Galileo

Sailors of the Northern fleet included programmer Eugene Kaspersky in the list of the greatest scientists on a par with Galileo, Kurchatov and Vavilov. They buy portraits of all these people for their garrison school in Severodvinsk, where the Northern fleet’s submarine base is located, Open media reported.

Just a month ago, Vladimir Putin called Kaspersky Russia’s Elon Musk. His appearance in the list of the greatest minds in history has nothing to do with the President’s statement, the Navy assured OM

International labour market in the context of a pandemic

The shutdown of businesses and other economic measures due to the spread of the new coronavirus affected 2.7 billion workers worldwide. In the second quarter of 2020, a total of 6.7% of working hours will be lost due to various types of restrictions, which is equivalent to the total absence of work for 195 million people, according to a report by the International labour organization (ILO).

Ex-President of Ecuador Correa sentenced to 8 years for corruption

A court has sentenced former Ecuadorean President Rafael Correa to eight years in prison in absentia in a corruption case, El Universo newspaper reported. He led the country from 2007 to 2017. The court also banned the politician from holding elected office for 25 years.

According to the Prosecutor’s office, Rafael Correa was the author of a criminal scheme involving state employees. Thanks to it, he received more than $7.5 million from entrepreneurs to Finance election campaigns in exchange for government contracts.

The dollar exchange rate on the black market of Venezuela set a record

August 2012: 10
September 2014: 100
February 2016: 1.000
July 2017: 10,000
December 2017: 100,000
May 2018: 1,000,000
October 2018: 10.000.000
January 2019: 100.000.000
July 2019: 1.000.000.000
April 2020: 10.000.000.000

Norway is gradually easing the quarantine, starting with kindergartens and schools

Kindergartens will start working from April 20, primary and secondary schools – from April 27. From April 27, businesses that involve contact between customers and employees, such as hairdressers or beauty salons, can reopen if they meet the requirements of infection control measures

Moscow authorities explained the replacement of tiles during the period of self-isolation.

As stated in the press service of the CAO Prefecture, the tile is not completely changed, but repaired, and these works are performed at the request of residents. Representatives of the district added that all employees have masks and antiseptics

Earlier, Muscovites complained that near the metro station” Chistye Prudy ” workers without masks and protective equipment continue to work on laying tiles (which, by the way, were changed last year) even during the quarantine holidays, when most of the population is supposed to be at home

In Russia, set price restrictions on the sale of masks and gloves

The Russian government has set restrictions on the sale of masks and gloves: at each stage of sales, the price for them can increase by no more than 10% and no more than 10 kopecks per piece. The corresponding decree is published on the government’s website

Russia has started switching to a four-day working week

The petrochemical company SIBUR temporarily switched to a four-day working week. It employs more than 23,000 people. This mode of operation has been introduced for all employees of the corporate center in Moscow and administrative and managerial staff of enterprises

Toll road operators in Russia are asking for state support

The number of trips on toll roads has decreased significantly since the beginning of the year. As a result, operators incur serious losses. The decline in demand is due to measures taken in the regions to prevent the spread of infection. As well as the deterioration of the economic situation, when Russians are forced to save. As a result, companies that have invested in the construction and operation of high-speed transport arteries lose serious amounts.

“From the point of view of logic, the state can and should support companies that are parties to agreements. Because when drafting agreements, hardly anyone took into account the coronavirus pandemic – it is impossible to predict such a situation,” Sergei Ten, a member of the Duma transport Committee, explained to Kommersant.

The Maldives has continued to receive tourists.

In the Maldives, 27 resorts continue to receive tourists, such data was reported by the Maldives tourism authority. Direct flights on the Moscow — male route are currently operated by Aeroflot (SU 320/321). Flights, according to the press service of the carrier, are performed only on return.

Most hotels in the Maldives are focused on the European tourist, so not all objects work, – said the General Director of the travel Agency “OSA tour” Svetlana Oboyanskaya. — Nevertheless, even on those that are still open, serious precautions are being taken. For example, everyone who comes to a particular resort must have their temperature measured.”

Kiev is preparing new claims against Gazprom»

Kiev is preparing new claims to Gazprom in the amount of $17.3 billion, said the Executive Director of JSC “Naftogaz of Ukraine” Yuriy Vitrenko. According to him, the appeal to the Russian side is currently being coordinated at the level of the company’s Supervisory Board

The Russian President trusts the country’s government.

Press Secretary of the President of Russia Dmitry Peskov during a briefing on Tuesday, April 7, commented on information distributed by the media about the introduction of an embargo on the import of cheap gasoline in the country. According to him, journalists should address such questions not to the Russian leader, but to the government of the country. At the same time, Peskov, answering a question about Vladimir Putin’s agreement with the scheme provided to him for the relationship between falling oil prices and rising gasoline prices, noted that no scheme in the country will operate without the President’s permission.

“It would be strange if there was a scheme in Russia with which he (President Putin) would act. — Ed.) did not agree, – said Peskov. – The wording of preventing lower prices for gasoline is a primitive approach.” He added that the Russian President trusts the country’s government.

The government will provide support to the operators for handling waste

The government will support regional operators for solid municipal waste (MSW) management due to the increasing volumes of waste being exported. Money for this will be allocated to the regions, the office of Deputy Prime Minister Victoria Abramchenko reported.

The export of gold from Russia has increased seven times

In the first two months of 2020, Russia sold $ 854 million worth of gold bars abroad. This is evidenced by the statistics of the Federal customs service. Compared to the same period last year, exports of precious metals increased seven times. Most of the gold from Russia was exported to the capital of great Britain — the world’s largest center of trade in physical bullion, the portal writes Finanz.ru.

Russian companies have started optimizing their payroll

If a week ago the share of companies optimizing the payroll was 29%, today it has increased to 50%. At the same time, earlier 20% of enterprises only declared their intention to reduce wages. Now one in five has already cut payments, and 35% promise to do so in the near future.

Gold futures rose to their highest since 2012

Price of a monthly gold futures contract on the Comex exchange in new York (a division of the exchange operator CME Group) rose in trading on Tuesday to $1,724. 4 an ounce, according to Refinitiv.

Credit Bank of Moscow allocated 8 billion rubles of credit to Polyus

The Moscow credit Bank of Roman Avdeev allocated 8 billion rubles of borrowed funds to the Polyus gold mining Corporation, owned by the family of Suleiman Kerimov. According to the financial institution, this money is provided in the form of a non-renewable credit line.

Regions were allocated money to equip medical organizations

More than 33.4 billion rubles were allocated to the regions from the reserve Fund to equip the bed Fund of medical organizations to help patients with coronavirus, the corresponding order of Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin was published on the website of the Cabinet of Ministers

Tour operators were allocated 3.5 billion rubles for compensation for air tickets

The government of the Russian Federation will allocate 3.5 billion rubles from its reserve Fund to tour operators to compensate for losses related to non-refundable air tickets as part of the tour product. This is stated in the order published on the website of the Cabinet of Ministers.

The Kremlin commented on the timing of the self-isolation regime in Russia

A decision on the terms of the self-isolation regime in Russia has yet to be made, said Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov, commenting on the results of a meeting between President Vladimir Putin and virologists. This is reported by TASS.

According to him, the effect of the self-isolation regime will be clear in the second half of next week. The press Secretary of the head of state also noted that the meeting was dominated by the opinion that self-isolation was the right decision.

Divisions of the Russian armed forces are put on 48-hour readiness

Currently, the armed forces have 172 units in 48-hour readiness to eliminate biological contamination, six mobile laboratories for detecting infections, and more than 1000 units of special equipment for disinfection, ” reported the head of the radiation, chemical and biological protection troops, Lieutenant General Igor Kirillov, during a conference call in the Ministry of defense

The Ministry of internal Affairs revealed an underground “Bank of Russia” that printed 1 billion rubles

Employees of the Ministry of internal Affairs identified a criminal organization that produced about 1 billion fake rubles. This is reported by Kommersant. The underground ” Bank of Russia “was located in Nizhny Novgorod, where high-quality fakes were distributed throughout the country using the” Hydra ” marketplace in the darknet.

The Cannes festival refused to go online

Thierry Fremaux, Director of the international Cannes film festival, said that the screening will not be held in an online format if the coronavirus pandemic continues until may. According to Fremo, the soul and history of the festival are connected with the live format, and the rights holders may not agree to it online

For riots after foreign funding offered to punish

Deputies of the state Duma propose to provide for an aggravating circumstance in the draft law on liability for foreign financing of political activities: if such activities led to mass riots, then this can lead to up to ten years in prison.

Sony showed photos of the new gamepad for the PlayStation 5

Sony on its Twitter page presented a new controller for the PlayStation 5, called DualSense. The company said that the gamepad will be equipped with new feedback systems

Samsung has patented a new type of screen for smartphones

an orean electronics manufacturer has patented a new type of screen that may soon appear in its smartphones. We are talking about device screens that will “flow” on all four sides. In other words, the edges will have a screen, and not a protective glass, like the new Huawei P40 Pro. The patent was filed by Samsung Display, but it is still unknown when the first Samsung smartphone with such a display will appear.

Samsung is preparing a competitor to Apple’s iPad Pro

According to insiders, the new generation of the tablet will not be called Samsung Galaxy Tab S7, but Samsung Galaxy Tab S20, in order to match the current line of smartphones by naming. At the same time, two versions will be presented — a small and a large one. It is assumed that the displays will get diagonals of 11 and 12.4 inches, respectively. At the same time, the borders around them should be reduced to achieve framelessness.

Microsoft bought the “most dangerous domain in the world»

The Windows developer bought the network address in order to prevent hackers from taking advantage of its own errors. This is due to the features of early versions of Windows (for example, Windows 2000 Server), which use Active Directory to check computers connected to the same internal network. By default, this service accesses the corp domain, which does not pose any threat if the computer is located on a local network. But if the computer goes online, Active Directory connects to a third-party server that it points to corp.com, and “leaks” confidential data to it. Few companies have bothered to change the default Active Directory settings. As a result, getting corp.com, its owner will be able to redirect the flow of information to its server.

Migrations of ancient people changed the landscape of the Earth

Scientists have found a link between the migration to Europe in the Neolithic and bronze age of people from the Middle East and the black sea region and the reduction of broad-leaved forests on the continent. The article is published in the proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA.

Classical music and sleep helped students pass their exams

Participants from the active experimental group remembered more information and passed the test better, and the activity of the frontal lobes in the theta range during sleep predicted success. The article is published in the journal Neurobiology of Learning and Memory.

Insect wings contain nanostructures that kill bacteria

The wings of some insects – such as cicadas and dragonflies – are covered with nanostructures that kill bacteria on contact. Scientists from the University of Bristol (UK) were able to find out exactly how these structures affect bacteria. Their discovery will help develop antimicrobial surfaces for medical implants and biomedical devices, the press service of the University reports. The results of the study are published in the journal Nature Communications.

Russian scientists have created a coating that protects against corrosion

Perm scientists have created a technology that allows you to protect tools and parts from the combined effects of corrosion, shock and heat. To protect them from aggressive environments, the experts suggested to put on the surface of the metal multilayer nanocoating. They help reduce the rate of corrosion of materials by more than 2.5-3 thousand times. The results of the study are published in two journals of the 1st quartile-Q1 Applied Surface Science and Data in Brief, which are included in Scopus and Web of Science