28 May, 2020

News digest for 05/27/2020

Russian billionaires in the two months of the pandemic got rich by $62 billion, calculated Forbes. Potanin, the co-owner and President of Norilsk Nickel, added the most from the top 5 – his fortune increased by $6.4 billion, to $26.1 billion. The head and co-owner of LUKOIL, Alekperov, became rich by $5.6 billion, and the founder and CEO of NOVATEK, Mikhelson, by $5.4 billion.

Rospotrebnadzor issued recommendations for gyms:

  • by appointment, no more than 1 person for every 4 square meters, and in the pool – for every 10,
  • a distance of 1.5 m, including the need to close part of the changing booths and place simulators with the distance,
  • employees in masks and gloves, antiseptics at the entrance,
  • disinfection of exercise equipment and toilets and airing every 2 hours, disinfection of the rest 2 times a day,
  • tea and coffee are not allowed for visitors, only bottled water is allowed.

Recommendations of Rospotrebnadzor for training bases:

  • temperature measurement every morning and after training,
  • testing for coronavirus every week, including 2 days before each game,
  • distance of 1.5 meters,
  • regular disinfection and ventilation,
  • the use of masks and gloves (in addition to training).
  • Released recommendations for public transport:
  • regular disinfection and ventilation of the cabin during stops
  • the minimum cash payment, including a ban on the sale of tickets, if the cabin is automated payment
  • distancing and special markings in the interior and at the bus station,
  • mask and glove mode and install at bus stations vending machines for masks and gloves,
  • temperature measurement of employees and passengers at the bus station.

Iran has decided to open a virtual Embassy in Jerusalem

In Iran, the law on countering “hostile actions” of Israel has come into force, suggesting the opening of a virtual Embassy in Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine. The law also prohibits visits to the “occupied Palestinian territories” and the importation into Iran of products of companies linked to Israel.

Russia plans to create a Fund for oil wells

The idea of creating a Fund of new oil wells in Russia, which was publicly announced at the end of April by Novak at a meeting with Putin, is becoming more detailed.

The bottom line is that oil companies with financial participation of banks will order drilling services in the amount of more than necessary. They will be introduced after April 2022, when the OPEC+deal is completed. The legal Commission headed by Belousov has already supported the project, and the Ministry of energy will finalize it by June 5.


Retail trade turnover in the Russian Federation in April decreased in annual terms for the first time since February 2017, a drop of a record 23.4%, Rosstat reported.


Twitter first marked trump’s tweet with a sign that it contains untruths

In two posts, trump criticizes the mail-in vote, calling it opaque and fraudulent. The us President criticizes the practice of voting by mail against the background of the intention of the democratic Governor of California, Gavin Newsom, to send out ballots to all voters in the state in the upcoming General election in November. According to trump, such voting is not transparent, ballots are forged and signed for others.

Fines for those who throw medical masks and gloves in public places

Fines from 25 to 500 euros are imposed in the Italian capital for those who throw medical masks and gloves on the streets, in parks, in squares. The corresponding order was signed by the mayor of Rome Virginia Ragi

We are gradually resuming our daily activities

Entertainment venues, including karaoke and night clubs, will be able to resume operations in Hong Kong on may 29, said the head of the Hong Kong administration Carrie Lam. In addition, from June 1, Hong Kong international airport will again start accepting transit flights. Transit services were suspended on March 25. “The epidemic has gone down,” Lam’s words are reported by Bloomberg. “We are gradually resuming our daily activities.”

An asteroid that destroyed the flora and fauna of the Mesozoic era

Excavations at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico helped geologists find out that a giant asteroid that destroyed the flora and fauna of the Mesozoic era fell to Earth at a very high angle, the press service of Imperial College London (ICL) reported, citing an article in the journal Nature Communications.

“Our calculations show that the asteroid fell at a very steep angle, reaching 60 degrees relative to the horizon, moving towards the Earth from the northeast. This is the most dangerous scenario of the fall, as it led to the release of the maximum amount of dust into the atmosphere and scattered it around the planet, which led to the onset of a full – fledged nuclear winter,” said ICL geologist Gareth Collins.

All arrivals to the Maldives

Tourists arriving in the Maldives will be given tests for coronavirus, and they will have to stay in their hotel rooms until they receive the results.

Washington intends to impose new sanctions against the Nord stream-2 project”

Us Ambassador to Germany Richard Grenell confirmed Washington’s intention to impose new sanctions against the Nord stream 2 project. The American diplomat said this in an interview with the newspaper “handelsblat”.

“Despite the election campaign, the process of passing the bill can be very fast,” Grenell said. According to “handelsblat”, the Americans intend to prevent the completion of the pipeline, if not prevent the actual commissioning of the “Nord stream – 2”.

Ban on group visits to Russian museums

The ban on group visits will be in effect in Russian museums for two months from the date of their opening. In June, 30% of Museum employees will be able to go to work, in July – 70%, according to the infographic of the Ministry of culture of the Russian Federation, available to TASS

Among the requirements for sanitary safety are mandatory temperature measurements at the entrance, protective table screens in places where visitors interact, mandatory wearing of masks and gloves, refusal of audio guides, and contactless ticket verification.

The complex of measures to prepare museums for opening includes complete sanitary treatment and disinfection of all premises without exception by means that will not damage the exhibits. In addition, each room will be marked from door to door for social distancing. The maximum number of visitors will be calculated based on the norm “1 person per 20 square meters”.

The Ministry of communications refused to support the bill on the return of Telegram

At the end of April, state Duma deputies Dmitry Ionin and Fedot Tumusov wrote to the Ministry of communications a Deputy’s request and draft amendments concerning Telegram. They offered to stop blocking the messenger, because, first of all, the number of Russian users is constantly growing, despite the blocking. And secondly, even official agencies use the cart to work with the population: for example, officials helped Russian citizens return to their homeland after the borders were closed through this messenger. And the same Moscow city hall informs residents, including through a prohibited cart.

The Ministry of communications refused. The argument is that the Ministry is not a court to allow something. And all official agencies have websites, and work is done through them, so no messengers are needed. As a result, the Ministry did not support the bill.


The head of Aston Martin has resigned

Briton Andy Palmer has resigned as CEO of Aston Martin after six years. Palmer will be replaced by the current chief of the Mercedes-AMG division, Tobias Moers-the German will take up the new position on August 1. The reason for the reshuffle was an 18-fold drop in the share price of Aston Martin.

In Russia, the record for the number of cases of high air pollution has been broken

This is stated in the research of the analytical service of the international audit and consulting network Finexpertiza. Among the localities most affected by air pollution are Ulan-Ude, Selenginsk, Chita, Minusinsk, Krasnoyarsk, Lesosibirsk, Kansk, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, and Abakan

State corporations plan to build 30 incineration plants in Russia.

Earlier, the state Duma adopted a law that equated garbage incineration to recycling. “Kommersant” writes that it was accepted in the interests of the company “RT-invest”, which belongs to”Rostec”. Chemezov asks Putin to give Rostec the right to become a monopoly on air monitoring. Rospotrebnadzor raised the standards for the content of harmful substances in the air by 60 times.

What do teachers think about distance learning?

We found a rather interesting survey of the Ministry of education and science and Ranepa about what teachers think about distance learning. 88% think that the full-time training format and 86% say that they have less free time.

A more serious problem: the ability to work from home. Two-thirds say that they just don’t like working at home, but a third say that they don’t like it, they don’t have a suitable place to comfortably conduct classes.

In Russia, 53 security officers were convicted of falsifying evidence in 2019

Maxim Nikonov, a lawyer working with Zona Prava, has prepared a report Entitled ” falsification of evidence. Police methods”, which analyzed the investigative and judicial practice in such cases.  According to official data, in 2019, 53 security officers were convicted under article 303 of the criminal code (falsification of evidence and results of operational search activities), 5 of them received real terms of imprisonment.

This is due to the fact that the fabrication of evidence takes place under the control of an official who has sufficient resources to prevent the detection of falsifications. In addition, between 55 and 70 per cent of criminal cases are handled by the courts in a special manner, which makes it even more difficult to detect violations.

Lawyer Maxim Nikonov advises everyone who has become a victim of fraud to use the legal position of the ECHR in the case “Borisov V. Russia” (the victim was able to get the court’s verdict for drug trafficking overturned).

The most common types of fraud:

  • registration of the Protocol of investigative action without its carrying out;
  • imitation of an investigative action, for example, conducting an inspection of the scene of an accident not where the crime occurred, but in a similar place;
  • entering information about a person who did not participate in the investigation into the Protocol, for example, information about witnesses;
  • preparation of protocols of interrogations of fictitious witnesses;
  • complete or partial replacement of the investigative action report with false information;
  • forgery of statements of suspects, victims, witnesses, witnesses, as well as responses of mobile operators or expert opinions.

Agora and Zona Prava launched the Fabrika 228 project. Agora’s Lawyers will study case files with signs of drug planting, provocation, falsification of evidence, unjustified use of classified witnesses and other violations to assess the prospects of applying to the ECHR.

Zona Prava, in turn, accepts reports of torture, falsification of evidence, and extortion committed by law enforcement officers in drug cases. If there are grounds, lawyers will seek to hold officials accountable.

The Ministry of industry and trade said that the problem of lack of protective equipment has been solved.

Today we have no shortage of masks. In total, the country produces about 8-10 million masks per day for medical institutions and household consumption, Deputy Minister of industry and trade Viktor Yevtukhov told Kommersant. The need for protective suits, today we have met the demand. In April, 4 million suits were delivered from China, and another 3 million will arrive in may. At the same time, about 50 Russian enterprises began to produce protective suits. The country produces, as of may 22, 225 thousand suits per day.


YouTube understands why it automatically removes phrases critical of the Chinese Communist party in Chinese from comments, writes Verge


Money transfers from Europe to Russia

The Golden Crown payment system has launched money transfers from all EU countries, as well as the UK, Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein to Russia under the KoronaPay brand, and plans to add transfers from Russia to Europe in the autumn, the company’s press service told RIA Novosti. The transfer currency is Euro. In the future, transfers will be available in pounds sterling, US dollars, rubles, as well as in the currencies of European countries and the CIS.

AFRICOM reported that Russia has transferred military aircraft to Libya.

The US reports that the planes were first flown to Syria, where they were repainted to disguise their Russian origin, and then delivered to Libya. In AFRICOM believe that Russia has moved planes to support mercenaries from the PMK “Wagner”, fighting on the side of the commander of the Libyan national army, field Marshal Khalifa Haftar.

Russia did not send military personnel to Libya

Russia did not send military personnel to Libya, and the Federation Council did not receive a request for consent to this, – says the first Deputy head of the Committee on international Affairs, Vladimir Jabarov. According to him, this is an attempt to compromise the Russian Federation on the world stage, because Moscow stands for a peaceful settlement of the conflict in Libya, internal dialogue, and not seeking support abroad to achieve their goals, Jabarov said in a comment to Interfax

In Russia, the number of unemployed increased in April 

There are currently 4.6 million unemployed people in Russia. Note that in April, their number increased by 23%, compared to March. According to Rosstat data, the unemployment rate for the past month was 5.8% of the labor force according to the ILO methodology, which makes it the highest since the beginning of this year. It is noted that this figure is 21% higher than in April last year. In addition, compared to March, the number of officially unemployed in Russia increased by 59.2%, that is, to 1.3 million people. Last month, 1.1 million people in Russia received unemployment benefits.

Everything works, but there are no sick people

In Sayansk, Irkutsk region, whose mayor Oleg Borovsky refused to introduce restrictive measures because of the coronavirus pandemic, there are no cases, the website reports KP.RU. There are hairdressers, kindergartens, and even shopping centers in the city. Schools were not opened-purely because of interest in distance learning. And restaurants and clubs did not open because during the pandemic “it is not good at all”.

Xiaomi plans to connect the brain to a computer

In particular, The huami subsidiary is interested in the connection between the human brain and the computer. A special laboratory for the study of the brain and artificial intelligence was developed by specialists together with the Scientific and technical Institute of China. Experts will engage in both invasive and non-invasive experiments, in which they want to connect the human brain to a computer. One of the main goals of the new laboratory is to build a new model of healthcare in which technologies will be deeply integrated into the human body.

Russian Railways begins to return previously canceled trains due to coronavirus

Russian Railways is starting to return long-distance trains that were canceled earlier due to the coronavirus pandemic to the schedule. So far, this has affected “Peregrines”, RIA Novosti reports with reference to the official information of the company.

“Taking into account the traditionally high demand for trips on holiday dates, the number of pairs of Sapsan trains between Moscow and Saint Petersburg will be increased to ten per day (20 flights) in the period from 11 to 14 June, “the Russian Railways website says.

Russians continued to take currency from banks

Over the past April, the volume of deposits of individuals in foreign currency decreased by $1.1 billion, or 1.2%. Since the beginning of 2020, Russians have taken $8.3 billion from banks – almost the full amount of currency accumulated in 2019. The largest outflow of funds occurred in March.

Xiaomi introduced redmibook laptops based on the new AMD Ryzen

The Chinese company today introduced a new series of laptops RedmiBook, which includes three models with 13, 14 and 16.1-inch screens. The presentation stated that laptop displays occupy 90% of the entire cover area.

The HP EliteBook hybrid laptop is presented

HP has expanded the range of laptop transformers model EliteBook x360 830 G7, which will be available in July at a price of $ 1,420. The novelty is equipped with 13.3-inch panel with a resolution of 1920:1080 pixels with support for touch input rotate 360 degrees cover, Intel Comet Lake up to six-core Core i7 with vPro, up to 32 GB of RAM, SSD PCIe NVMe, modules Wi-Fi 6, 5 Bluetooth and 4G/LTE, the body thickness of 17.9 mm and weight 1.3 kg. The operating system used here is Windows 10 Pro.

Preserved human brain cells of the V century BC were found

A team of researchers shared details of a recently discovered find in the UK. It became particles of the brain of a person who lived about 2500 years ago. According to scientists, the remains found belong to a man from 30 to 40 years old, who died between 673 and 482 BC. the death of the man occurred as a result of a fracture of the cervical spine. Experts note that such a spinal injury is typical for hanging.

The preservation of brain tissue is related to the chemical conditions of the cesspool where the head of the deceased man was thrown. The matrix of intermediate filaments (IFs), which ensures the safety of the intertwining neurons, was one of the reasons for the unusual preservation of the find. According to experts, the chemical blocked protease enzymes that are activated in protein tissues after death.

Spain has approved rules for visiting beaches

The Ministry of health of Spain has approved rules for visiting beaches: the number of tourists should be limited, sunbeds must be disinfected, and when walking along the sea, you must observe a distance of two meters.

In Japan, began to pay residents of the country for $930

Residents of Japan began to distribute money. The country of the rising sun has started issuing benefits, each of which is approximately 930 dollars or 66 thousand rubles in Russian currency, according to Sputnik radio. The decision on payments was made by local authorities at the end of last month.

The Central Bank of China denied information about the imminent launch of the national cryptocurrency

Central Bank Governor Yi gang denied the information about the imminent launch of the national cryptocurrency, but said that the high-level development, creation of standards, research of functions and integration testing of the digital yuan have been completed, writes the South China Morning Post.

Poland will cancel the mandatory wearing of masks

The country plans to return to normal life no later than July, Poles will be allowed to go outside without protective masks from may 30, and cinemas, theaters, swimming pools and gyms will open on June 6, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said on Wednesday.

Climbers from China reached the top of mount Everest to measure its height

An expedition of climbers from China reached the top of the world’s highest mountain peak – Everest. As reported by the Central television of China, they will install special equipment on the top for the first time in 45 years to re-measure the height of the mountain. The height of mount Everest is 8848 meters

FSB officers planted gold on suspects and fabricated cases

The former head of the Department of the Federal security service of the Irkutsk region in the city of Bodaibo Sergei Polyakov and his subordinates are accused of throwing the suspect kilograms of gold and silver to improve performance. This was announced on Wednesday, may 27, according to Kommersant.

The military investigation Department of the TFR for the Central military district accuses officers of a number of articles. According to investigators, in 2014-2016, FSB employees fabricated criminal cases, planting precious metals on the defendants, kidnapping and beating suspects, seeking confessions from them. In 2018, Sergei Polyakov was put on the wanted list, and in March 2019, he was detained. The case will be considered by the 2nd Eastern district military court of Chita.

A third Iranian tanker with fuel has arrived in Venezuela

The third of five Iranian tankers docked in the port of Venezuela, on may 26, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro said on his Twitter page. The ship carries fuel and equipment for Venezuela’s oil refineries.

Russian officers took bribes for sending military personnel to Syria

Anton Danilovsky, the captain of the armored vehicle service of the Western military district technical support Department, and Nikolai Zaikin, the head of the automobile service of the anti-aircraft missile regiment, took money from the military who wanted to fight in Syria. By the way, in Syria, Russian military personnel receive 200-300 thousand rubles a month.

More than 10 people left for the conflict zone after giving money. Soldiers, sergeants and ensigns paid 15 thousand rubles, and officers – 50 thousand rubles.. The first corrupt official in uniform was sentenced to two years in prison, the trial of the second defendant was postponed due to the coronavirus epidemic, Kommersant informs.

Germany and France will help the Euro zone free of charge

During a joint video conference, the leaders of France and Germany unveiled a plan for post-crisis recovery in Europe. The core of this plan was a special Fund of €500 billion.

Funds from the recovery Fund will be allocated free of charge, as an analog of budget transfers. The recovery Fund will be replenished through the issuance of bonds by Euro zone States. Accordingly, all obligations under these loans will fall on the European Commission.

According to the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, the money will be received by those countries that need it most. In this way, the economies of different regions will be “aligned”, as is the case in Federal States

Agalarov has already earned 2 billion on COVID

The owner of “Crocus Expo” Araz Agalarov, who is on the us sanctions list, received the 2nd state contract for the placement of infected COVID-19 in the amount of 880,000,000 rubles without tenders. The first contract was valued at 1.1 billion rubles.
Russia will increase funded pensions

From August 1, accumulative pensions of Russians will be increased by 9.13%, the Pension Fund of Russia reported. The recalculation will affect 80 thousand current pensioners who receive accumulative payments. The average funded pension currently amounts to 956 rubles per month. Thus, pensioners who have access to it will receive an increase of about 87 rubles.

Chiyomaru Sergey Romanov banned in the service

Chiyoumen Sergius Romanov, who cursed those who close churches during a pandemic, forbidden in the service. The Yekaterinburg diocese has deprived a priest of the right to wear a pectoral cross, take confession and leave the territory of the skete without the permission of the Bishop.

Earlier, Sergei Romanov was banned from preaching and making public statements. “You gave me a promise to mend my ways, but have transgressed this I vow,” said chiyomaru the Metropolitan of Yekaterinburg and Verkhoturye Kirill.

Which countries use facial recognition systems?

Already almost everywhere, except for some poor African, Asian and Latin American countries. Plus the Balkan countries. There are several countries where they are allowed, but not yet used: for example, Finland, Sweden, Poland, New Zealand.

There are several countries where the legality of using such systems is still being considered: in Europe, it is Scotland and Croatia (and Yes, we know that Scotland is not exactly a country, but this does not negate the fact that they can make separate laws).

And there are only three countries where facial recognition systems are banned: Belgium, Luxembourg, and Morocco.

Shoigu spoke about the development of a coronavirus vaccine by the military

A military Institute has been involved in the development of a vaccine against COVID-19, and clinical trials will be completed by the end of July, Russian defense Minister army General Sergei Shoigu said on a video conference call with Russian President Vladimir Putin.

Currently, the Central research Institute of the rchb protection forces is working together with the National research center for epidemiology and Microbiology. Gamalei is developing a recombinant vaccine against a new coronavirus infection. – Sergei Shoigu, Russian military figure

Iran has risen to the 14th place in terms of military power in the world

Iran was able to rise to 14th from 22nd place in terms of military power in the world, President Hassan Rouhani said on Wednesday, speaking at the opening ceremony of the 11th Parliament.

“As for the military sphere, we were located at 22 positions in the world, now we are at 14. in recent years, there have been tremendous transformations in various areas of the country’s military potential,” said Rouhani, whose speech was broadcast by Iranian television.

Vietnam launched production of Russian missiles

According to sources of “Russian weapons”, Vietnam has started manufacturing VCM-01 missiles. They are a local modification of the Russian anti-ship missiles “Uran-e”. The subsonic missile is equipped with a powerful warhead. The solutions that have been implemented in this projectile allow you to break through enemy anti-missile defenses. At the same time, the projectile is quite difficult to detect by radar systems. Uran-e is also distinguished by its low cost of production and ease of deployment.

In Novorossiysk built a Parking lot for submarines

and the naval base in Tsemesskaya Bay in Novorossiysk has almost completed the construction of a Parking lot for submarines in the interior. This was announced by the commander of the base, rear Admiral Viktor Kochemazov in an interview with the newspaper “Red star”. According to the military, these facilities are necessary for the smooth functioning of the fleet.

The base has completed the construction of five berths, one of which is floating. Berths on the base are designed for 100 or more modern warships with a displacement of 1.5 to 30 thousand tons.

Tom Cruise will be filmed in space

Director Doug Lyman will work on a joint film between Tom Cruise and Elon Musk, which will be shot in space. According to Deadline, cruise and Lyman developed the project together from the very beginning — the latter wrote a draft of the script and is going to produce the tape together with the performer of the main role.

Details of the plot of the unnamed picture are not yet reported. It is known that Cruz and Musk are in talks with NASA about filming in orbit. Lyman has already directed cruise in the films “Edge of the future” and “Made in America”

Season 10 of “American horror story” was moved to 2021

The FX channel moved the release of season 10 of “American horror story” to 2021. The new season of “American horror story” was scheduled to be released this fall. However, production and release of the new season had to be postponed.

Matrang will present a new album online

Matrang will give an online concert on the Okko service on may 27, 2020. As part of the performance, the artist will perform his hits, present to fans a new album “Three”, divided into autobiographical chapters: “The beginning of the way”, “the Musician” and “Confession”.

Emin confirmed the dates of the festival ZARA-2020

The international music festival “ZHARA” in Baku is planned to be held this year without changing the dates. This was announced by one of the festival’s organizers, singer and composer Emin Agalarov (Emin) on his official page in the social network Instagram. He noted that the festival organizing Committee plans to hold the festival in full.

Yes! We still plan to organize our festival “ZHARA” @zharafest in the same format as it was announced in Baku from July 29 to August 2 in @seabreezebaku: 5 thematic different days and the entire list of our top artists! Agalarov said.

Russian computer product will go to the public sector

On the basis of computers “Elbrus” plan to produce multi-seat workstations under the brand “Gorynych” at a cost of 290 thousand rubles at the first stage. It is planned to offer them to schools and universities, to critical infrastructure facilities (CII; communication networks used for public administration, defense, security and law enforcement).

The stations will be produced by the former supplier of Voentelecom to the Ministry of defense, the Information implementation company (IVC). The project will make the domestic computer more affordable, but foreign analogues are still cheaper, experts say.

In Russia, they offered to insure citizens against unemployment at their expense

Russia may introduce a system of unemployment insurance for citizens. The Ministry of labor and social protection of the Russian Federation is ready to consider and support this idea. This was reported on may 27 by the newspaper “Izvestia” with reference to the Federal Agency. If it is implemented, then citizens will start taking contributions from their salaries to a special Fund, from which they will then receive benefits in the event of losing their jobs.

Apple update won’t allow old MacBooks to charge up to 100%

In the macOS Catalina 10.15 operating system update.5. among other features, battery Health Management technology stands out, which will not allow old MacBooks to charge up to 100%. Its goal is to reduce the rate of battery aging by intelligently managing the charging process. Anyone can install the update. In addition to the technology described above, it has fixed issues with slowing down Finder when transferring large amounts of data on RAID volumes.

Sony introduced BloggerCam ZV-1-a video camera for bloggers

On may 26, Japanese tech brand Sony introduced a compact camera with a movable LCD touch screen. The ZV-1 model is intended for creators of video content. The weight of the camera is about 300 g, dimensions-105.5 x 60.0 x 43.5 mm.

Facebook launches CatchUp voice call app

Facebook has introduced a new app for voice calls, CatchUp, according to an official statement from the company. It shows when the user is ready to communicate. CatchUp is a separate app that doesn’t need to have a social network account.

The first integrated photon source was developed

A team of scientists has developed the first photon source that can be applied in quantum Photonics technologies. Computing systems that are based on quantum Photonics devices are characterized by high power.

Denmark has grown the brain of a human embryo from stem cells

Scientists from the Novo Nordisk center for stem cell biology (Denmark) together with colleagues from other Scandinavian countries for the first time grew the brain of a human embryo from stem cells. The stage of development of the organ corresponds to the fourth to fifth week after fertilization, according to Nature Biotechnology.