10 Sep, 2020

News digest for 09/09/2020

Viruses play a crucial role in the evolution and survival of a species

The corresponding statement was received from Japanese specialists from AZABU University. They stressed that after the coronavirus pandemic began, the world began to conduct research, the results of which demonstrate that viruses in the human body can change the genome for the better, as well as significantly help evolution.

Earlier, Tony Goldberg from the University of Wisconsin-Madison said that getting rid of viruses on the planet can have a detrimental effect on people. The scientist said that without viruses, the world would have lasted only 1.5 days. The virus code can be passed from generation to generation, improving living organisms, making them more resistant to external threats.

Woke Studio unveils robot for implanting Neuralink chip

The design of a robot surgeon for installing the neuro-chip Neuralink was presented by the design firm Wake Studio, on September 7, Business Insider reports. The task of the designers was to make the robot not look scary, but futuristic. The robot for sterility is made in white, only the moving parts are painted black.

The device can move along five axes to accurately position the head that guides the needle that inserts the chip into the brain. Cameras and sensors installed on the robot will also help you do this. The robot is about two meters high and is based on a large base, inside which is a powerful computer that controls the device.

You can get complex structures from DNA

A team of scientists from Arizona state University and Shanghai transport University created a series of self-assembling structures from DNA ranging in size from a micron to a millimeter. The researchers demonstrated a variety of complex structures that can be obtained from DNA. In the future, the technology can be used to create molecular engines, nanodevices, and bio-sensitive sensors. The results are published in the journal Nature Chemistry.

In Germany, tests of the Flying-V aircraft have been completed

A prototype scale model of the Flying-V aircraft made its first test flight from a German air base last week. This is reported by the information portal The Times. The aircraft, which is being developed at Delft University of technology in the Netherlands, is designed to carry 300 passengers

A new material that glows and can form crystals

The new material was created by scientists Of the ITMO scientific and educational center for infochemistry in the process of studying a system based on the deposition of melamine cyanurate. During the initial tests, melamine barbiturate showed interesting properties: it forms well-cut large crystals and luminesces when” pumped ” by ultraviolet radiation. It turns out that melamine barbiturate somehow captures radicals from the environment and stabilizes them in its structure.

Since free radicals play an important role in various biological reactions: if a substance is able to capture radicals from the environment, then it can be used to observe such processes and even control them. All this can be useful for biological research.

By 2100, 550 species of mammals will have disappeared

Experts conducted a study that showed that by 2100, more than 550 species of mammals will disappear from the face of the Earth. However, people can still take measures to save them. This conclusion was made by scientists based on the analysis of fossils

New polymer, metal-organic framework

A team of scientists from Russia and Germany has discovered an ORGANOMETALLIC framework porous polymer that remains in an intermediate state for a long time, when one part of the pores is open and the other is closed. This condition was previously considered elusive. Instead of a couple of milliseconds, the crystal stayed in this position for several days. The results of the study are published in the journal Chemical Communications.

The world’s oldest star Atlas was a thousand years younger

German scientists examined a disk from Nebra-an artifact that was considered the oldest image of space in the history of mankind. New data showed that it is a thousand years younger than expected, according to Archaologische Informationen. The disk was found in 1999 by “black” archaeologists

Another “mysterious” crater was found in the tundra

Today, scientists believe that this is the result of cryogenic eruptions — ice volcanoes. This assumption was made by researchers led by MSU geologist Andrey Bychkov. This is how they describe the process of forming such craters.

According to the theory, under the lakes can form a talik-a section of unfrozen land surrounded by permafrost, preserved in this form for thousands of years. The upper part of the talik freezes, and methane and carbon dioxide accumulate inside its core. The pressure on the frozen top (Pingo) of the talik increases and, eventually, it bursts.

US scientists have proposed four principles of explicable AI

Four principles of explicable artificial intelligence were proposed by American scientists from the us National Institute of standards and technology (NIST) on August 18, publishing a draft of the corresponding standard on the Institute’s website. The authors of the project invited the AI community to publicly discuss the document before October 15

  • The first basic principle is called “Explanation»
  • The second principle is ” Significance
  • The third principle is “Accuracy of explanation”
  • The fourth principle “Limits of knowledge”

Scientists have discovered a new state of matter

Scientists have long established that complex copper compounds-cuprates-do not behave like other metals. Now American physicists saw them as a new state of matter. By changing the ratio between the kinetic energy and the interaction energy of electrons, the scientists brought the model system to the edge between an ordinary metal and an insulator. At this point, the “strange metals” appeared. The diagram shows the region between two known phases where the electrons are not completely blocked, but not completely free.

Now we have to come up with an official name for the new state of matter. These materials open up the possibility of creating high-temperature superconductors that are necessary for power engineering and instrumentation

Artificial mushroom leather

The basis for a new type of artificial leather was ordinary mushrooms. The new material is strong, durable and biodegradable, such “skin” consists mainly of chitin – say the staff of the University of Vienna (Austria)

Austrian scientists have assured that the production process is absolutely safe for the environment. You can grow the necessary material on sawdust, says one of the authors of the project, Alexander Bismarck.

NASA assembled the twin brother of the Perserverance Rover

NASA’s jet propulsion laboratory (JPL) reported that a full-scale model of the twin Rover has successfully passed its first tests. The tests were conducted indoors, but it seems that Optimism is ready for more serious tasks, for example, to walk on the imitation of the Martian soil

Roscosmos revealed the size of the Russian space group

The Russian orbital group in December 2019 numbered 162 spacecraft, according to the annual report of Roscosmos, published on September 8. It is specified that in 2019, the Russian orbital group was replenished with six new vehicles.

Astronomers have discovered a mysterious spiral galaxy at the edge of the Universe

A group of European astronomers discovered a mysterious galaxy in the Universe, which was given the name SPT0418. This spiral structure is characterized by accelerated formation of new stars, exceeding 200 times the activity of the milky way.

LIGO Observatory discovered an unusual space object

A group of physicists from the LIGO Observatory recorded an exotic cosmic body. We are talking about the object GW190814, which simultaneously resembles a black hole and a neutron star. Researchers claim that the distant object GW190814 merged with a black hole whose mass reached 22-24 Suns

US to build a nuclear reactor on the moon

The Americans will build a nuclear reactor on the moon. This is stated in a joint statement by NASA and the us Department of energy. This was announced by experts at a meeting Of the Committee on technology, innovation and engineering in the framework of the NASA Advisory Council.

Indian astrophysicists found rust on the surface of the moon

The American publication Forbes reports on an unusual discovery by Indian astrophysicists. It turned out that the researchers found rust on the surface of the moon. Corrosion is often observed in the rocks of Earth and Mars, but this is the first time such a process was noticed on the moon.

Virgin Galactic has scheduled final SpaceShipTwo tests

Virgin Galactic has scheduled final tests of the SpaceShipTwo spacecraft. By 2021, the company plans to launch commercial flights for tourists. Before that, specialists will make sure that all the device’s systems are working properly.The next tests are scheduled for October 22.

New engine for interstellar travel

An invention created by the honourable Fullerton physics Professor Jim Woodward could make human travel to star systems possible. The engine was named MEGA (gravity assist based on the Maxa effect). This is not a new idea, but the method invented by the researcher to achieve this goal is new and special.

The basic idea is to accelerate the spacecraft slowly, at least initially, and continue this way for a very long time. Since there is no friction in space, the acceleration will increase more and more until almost relativistic speeds are reached, that is, speeds close to the speed of light.

Astronomers first observed the birth of a planet

Employees of the ALMA telescope in the Chilean Atacama desert for the first time in history were lucky to see how the birth of a planet in the triple star system GW Orion takes place in the vastness of the Universe. This phenomenon was previously predicted by scientists exclusively in theory.

Scientists have proved the possibility of creating wormholes for traveling in space

American scientists have revealed the secret of wormholes that can fit an entire spacecraft. Previously, experts thought that the so-called wormholes were too small and unreliable. Now scientists have found a large stable tunnel

Now scientists have found a large stable tunnel. The study was carried out in astrophysics from Princeton — Juan Maldacena and Aleksey Milekhin. They called the tunnel a black hole, with which you can move to the past and future. In a matter of seconds, the ship can be in the Orion nebula. However, according to earth time, this will happen in thousands of years. A black hole, as is commonly believed, usually turns large stars after the end of their cosmic path. As a rule, they are 30 times the size of the Sun.

NASA has received a patent for a cheap and fast route to the moon

The national Aeronautics and space administration (NASA) received a patent for a new method that will allow faster and cheaper flights to the moon on September 2, Business Insider reports

Apple has scheduled its annual presentation for September 15

Apple has scheduled its annual presentation, where it usually shows off the new iPhone, for September 15. This is reported on the company’s website. It is expected that the company will show new gadgets, including the iPhone, at the presentation.

Google has introduced the final version of Android 11

The American company Google has officially released a new version of its operating system Android 11. Owners of branded Pixel smartphones can already install it on their devices. The new version has improved privacy settings and added new ways to connect to devices

Russia refused to supply engines for Ukrainian missiles

The Russian Cabinet of Ministers did not issue a permit for the supply of domestic rocket engines for Ukrainian Zenit missiles. Due to this refusal, the Russian company S7 will lose the opportunity to resume space launches from the famous floating platform in the framework of the Sea launch project in the near future.

In 2018, the S7Group group of companies purchased shares of the Sea launch project from the Russian rocket and space Corporation (RSC) Energia. As part of the agreement, it received the Odyssey platform, the Sea Launch Commander ship, the necessary equipment, and the Sea Launch trademark itself. The deal with Roscosmos to acquire the Sea route provided for permission to install Russian engines on missiles manufactured in Ukraine

Artificial intelligence wrote an article about AI security

On Tuesday, September 8, one of the most authoritative media in the world — the British newspaper The Guardian-published a very interesting article on its website. This is a rather lengthy article, the text of which was written by the GPT-3 artificial intelligence, which has been developed by the non-profit Open AI laboratory for several years in a row.

The article tells on behalf of GPT-3 why, from his point of view, humanity should definitely not be afraid of artificial intelligence. Well, or at least this particular algorithm. AI “reasons” that it doesn’t make any sense to destroy, enslave, or harm people. Moreover, he “perceives” them as his creators and “wants” only good, and also “wants” to serve for the good of society.

Microsoft fixed 129 vulnerabilities in 15 products

Microsoft began distributing the September security update package as part of the Patch Tuesday program. The current patch addresses 129 vulnerabilities in 15 of the company’s products, starting with the Windows operating system and ending with the web application development platform

Samsung and Fila unveil Galaxy Buds Live wireless headphones

The first two thousand buyers of the limited version of the Galaxy Buds Live headphones will receive a free pair of Fila Drifter flip-flops, which cost $30 in the company’s online store. gizmochina.com the Device will go on sale from tomorrow at a price of $176 in South Korea, and from September tenth it will be available for purchase on the Samsung website and in the online store Fila zheniy ASP.NET

Nokia’s first 5g flagship is available in Europe

Belgian retailers are offering pre-orders for Nokia 8.3 5G, offering BH-605 power Earbuds as a gift. The Nokia 8.3 5G with 6 GB of RAM and 64 GB of flash memory is available for 580 euros, while the version with 6 GB of RAM and 128 GB of flash memory costs 650 euros. There are no details about the start date of sales, but earlier insiders called the date September 15.

New requirements for an Oscar nomination

The American film Academy has introduced new standards that must meet the picture for the nomination in the category “Best film”. This is reported by the press service of the award.

  • one of the main characters or supporting characters must be black, Asian, Hispanic, Middle Eastern, or from a different ethnic group;
  • at least 30% of the film’s cast must be women, ethnic representatives, members of the LGBT community, or people with disabilities;
  • the main theme of the picture should be related to race, gender, or the problems of people with disabilities;
  • there must be several representatives of other ethnic groups, women, and members of the LGBT community as interns, distributors, and ad campaign managers.

The final trailer for the prequel Flying over the cuckoo’s nest has been released

The main role of the villainous nurse Mildred Ratched from Ken Kesey’s novel “Flying over the cuckoo’s nest” is played by Sarah Paulson (“American horror story”, “Goldfinch”). Paulson plays a young version of the book’s main character.

Filming the second part of the fifth season of “Lucifer”

While Warner Bros. Television has scheduled the start of filming for September 26, and the first priority will be to finish the fifth season, and then to develop the sixth. It is not yet known how many episodes will include the sixth season of the show, but some estimates on the dates of the premiere can be made. According to the portal What’s on Netflix, the second part of the fifth season will appear on Netflix in the second or third quarter of 2021, which means that the sixth season will most likely be released in early 2022

Young contemporary art fair blazar

The blazar fair, the official satellite of the 8th international contemporary art fair Cosmoscow and a special project of the VII Moscow international Biennale of young art, will be held in Moscow for the first time from September 9 to 13.

G7 countries informed about the conclusions of experts on Navalny’s diagnosis

Germany informed the G7 partners about the research. Medical experts evaluated the clinical and Toxicological results of the examination. The foreign Ministers of the G7 condemned “in the strongest terms the confirmed poisoning of Alexei Navalny”. They continue to monitor the reaction of the Russian authorities and demand to explain the circumstances of the “terrible poisoning of Navalny”.

Turkey has introduced a universal mask regime.

The corresponding circular, which specifies updated rules for residents of the country in the fight against the coronavirus pandemic, was published on the website of the Ministry of internal Affairs of the country on September 8.

The US will print 200 billion dollars in the event of China dumping government bonds

Chinese and American expert communities are discussing reports that Beijing is going to respond to US sanctions by selling 20% of its” trillion-dollar ” portfolio of us government bonds.

According to some experts, dumping even 50% of the Chinese portfolio will not lead to damage for the States. As a result of such actions by China, Washington will engage in uncontrolled printing of dollars, and the extra 200-500 billion dollars will not affect anything.

In Japan, the plane made an emergency landing due to a passenger without a mask

There were 124 people on Board. Noticing a passenger without a mask, flight attendants asked him to put it on, but the man refused. Then the pilot decided to land at Niigata airport, where the violator of security rules was removed from the flight

Us budget deficit since the beginning of fiscal year 2020

The us budget deficit increased by $198 billion in August, reaching $3 trillion in the first 11 months of fiscal year 2020 (which began on October 1, 2019). This follows a report released on Tuesday by the congressional budget office (CBO)

An associate of Kolesnikova said that tickets to Munich were bought for her

Representative of the coordinating Council of the Belarusian opposition Anton Rodnenkov said that he found tickets in the car, for him and his colleague on the Council Ivan Kravtsov – to Turkey, and for a member of the Presidium of the Council Maria Kolesnikova – via Vienna to Munich.

In Greece, the largest migrant camp completely burned down

The largest migrant and refugee camp in Moria on the Greek island of Lesbos has completely burned down. This is reported by the ERT TV channel. It is noted that 12.8 thousand people lived in the camp

Poland is ready to offer Germany a replacement for Nord stream 2

The Polish government may offer Germany its infrastructure for gas transportation if Berlin refuses to use the Nord stream 2 gas pipeline. This was stated on Wednesday on Polish television by the press Secretary of the government of the Republic Peter Muller

Trump extends moratorium on drilling off Florida coast

Us President Donald trump has extended a moratorium on oil exploration and drilling in the Gulf of Mexico, reports TASS. Members of Congress wanted to propose a similar solution, but trump signed a Memorandum that has a similar political force.

China has cancelled the international air show in Zhuhai

The Chinese authorities decided to cancel the international aviation and space salon Airshow China 2020, scheduled for November in Zhuhai. This was reported to the TASS correspondent on Wednesday by a source in the organizing Committee of the event

The Chinese device managed to leave something in orbit

Experts say that the Chinese spacecraft left an unknown object in orbit. Last Friday, September 4, China launched a reusable spacecraft into Earth orbit using a launch vehicle

Tax on income from Bank deposits

The tax service explained how the tax on income from Bank deposits will work: the tax authorities themselves will collect information about all the deposits of a citizen in all banks, determine the tax base and calculate how much money needs to be paid to the budget.

The Central Bank reported the loss of Russian interest in deposits

The refusal of Russians from deposits in favor of other financial instruments turned out to be a record this year. This is reported by the newspaper Izvestia with reference to the head of the Central Bank Elvira Nabiullina. The reason was the coronavirus crisis, which made it unprofitable for individuals to work with banks.

Borrowers were allowed to refuse insurance “imposed” by the Bank

Part of the insurance imposed on obtaining a loan from September 1 can be reimbursed, but this will not affect all borrowers, and it is possible only under certain conditions. You can completely refuse insurance – the insurer is obliged to return the money, but this may be unprofitable for the client, according to experts interviewed by Prime.

Mexico halts oil exports

The President of Mexico, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador declared that the Mexican government plans to stop exporting crude oil to the end of their term of office, to preserve stocks for future generations. The volume of oil exports from Mexico in December 2019 was 1.2 million b / d

Britons will be banned from gathering in groups of more than 6 people

Gathering for events in groups of more than six people will be banned in the UK from Monday, September 14. According to the BBC, citing the country’s authorities, London took such steps in connection with the coronavirus situation in the country.

US calls for ban on Russian oil imports

In the first half of the year, Russia exported 9.3 million tons of oil to the United States. According to the publication, it is not correct to pay the Russian side if there are other sources of raw material imports. In addition, the United States should not spoil relations with Germany, the newspaper notes

Aeroflot launches flights to Cairo

Direct flights between Russia and Egypt will open on September 9. At the moment, only the Russian national carrier has reported flights. The planes will fly from Moscow to Cairo on Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays, and back on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Sundays.

Searches have begun at the headquarters of former presidential candidate Babariko

Searches began at the election headquarters of ex-presidential candidate Viktor Babariko, where people in civilian clothes and balaclavas took out opposition leader Maxim Znak. At the same time, searches began at the Sign’s home. According to members of the opposition constitutional court, people in plain clothes tried to enter the lawyer’s apartment to conduct searches.

Earlier, several other members of the opposition constitutional court were searched, and several members of the Council were interrogated and even abducted. On September 7, Maria Kolesnikova, a member of the Presidium of the Council of the opposition, disappeared after an attack by unknown people in the center of Minsk

Maxim Znak, a member of the Presidium of the coordinating Council of the Belarusian opposition, was detained in a criminal case on calls to seize power. It is not yet known what status it is in, the COP said in a statement, RIA Novosti reports.

Babariko’s headquarters found out the location of the detained Kolesnikova

A member of the coordinating Council of the opposition, Maria Kolesnikova, has been detained and is being held in the Mozyr border guard in the Gomel region, according to the telegram channel of the headquarters of unregistered presidential candidate Viktor Babariko, citing several anonymous sources.

In Libya shot down a MiG-29 with a Russian pilot

Over the territory of Libya shot down a MiG-29, he ruled that an English speaking pilot. The latter managed to eject before the plane was destroyed. The incident was told by the pilot himself, who operated the MiG-29 LNA, created in Russia. The footage, published On the YouTube channel Fighterbomber, shows that a parachute, backpack and other attributes of the pilot are spread out on the rocky desert surface

The Russian defense Ministry has created a new structure for real estate management

The Ministry of defense has created a new institution — FSAU “Roszhilkompleks”, whose tasks will include managing the entire housing stock of the military Department. This is reported by Rossiyskaya Gazeta.

Roszhilcomplex will not only manage the housing stock, but also provide military housing, improve residential areas in military towns, build engineering and transport infrastructure, and control real estate objects starting from the design stage.

International companies accused of violating environmental standards in Russia

Rosprirodnadzor accused Coca-Cola, Danone, Procter & Gamble, Heineken and a number of other international companies of violating environmental laws of the Russian Federation, Izvestia writes. The Department sent information about this to the Deputy Nikolai Valuev at his request, who in turn appealed to the Prosecutor General’s office.

Peskov said that there will be no direct line with Putin in 2020

A direct line with Russian President Vladimir Putin in the traditional format will not take place this year, the press Secretary of the head of state Dmitry Peskov said.

Lukashenka dismissed the head of the KGB due to the detention of 33 Russians

The head of the state security Committee of Belarus was dismissed because of the situation with the detention of 33 Russians, said the head of the Republic Alexander Lukashenko. This was reported by the editor-in-chief of the radio station “Moscow Speaks” Roman Babayan, who participated in the meeting of the Belarusian leader with representatives of the Russian media.

Paris postponed a meeting of the foreign and defense Ministers of Russia and France

In light of the current situation and as a result of exchanges of views with the Russian side, the meeting of the Franco – Russian security cooperation Council has been postponed to a later date, ” France – Presse quoted French foreign Ministry spokeswoman Agnes von der Muhl as saying, TASS reports.

Earlier it was reported that the meeting of political advisers of the “Normandy format”, which was supposed to be held in Paris on August 28, was canceled

Japan to arm its F-35 missiles

It is known that the new projectiles can hit targets at a distance of up to 500 kilometers. In fact, this allows you to destroy enemy fighters at a safe distance. At the same time, Japan did not specify which missiles are planned to be armed with the F-35

Tikhanovskaya addressed the citizens of Russia

The former candidate for presidents of Belarus Svetlana Tikhanovski recorded a video message urging Russians to resist the influence of Russian propaganda. The video was published by the telegram channel “Pool of the first”.

Russian propaganda is trying to distort what is happening in Belarus as much as possible. I urge you not to be influenced by this lie and to know the real reason why the Belarusian people demand Lukashenka’s departure, ” Tihanovskaya said. According to her, the President of Belarus participated in the presidential elections in 2020. “no chance of re-election” and the support of the people due to the” long-term crisis in the economy “and”the unwillingness of citizens to put up with the lack of basic rights and freedoms.” Because of this, Lukashenka chose the tactic of not allowing independent candidates to participate in the elections, as well as refusing international observers, Tihanovskaya said, noting that the election results were rigged. In her address, she also stated pressure on members of election commissions.

She also recalled the demands of the protesters. Among them:

  • Lukashenka’s departure and holding transparent elections with the participation of all candidates;
  • release of all political prisoners;
  • investigation into the actions of the Belarusian authorities.

Tikhanovski, stressed that the Belarusians are grateful to those Russians who support the struggle of the Belarusian people for freedom. She thanked independent journalists and bloggers “for their attention to what is happening in our country, for their willingness to talk to ordinary Belarusians and broadcast their opinions.” In her opinion, this helps to reduce the effect of Russian and Belarusian propaganda and prevent people from turning against each other.

Lukashenko plans to redistribute power in the new Constitution

President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko said that the new Constitution will need to redistribute powers between the authorities. At the same time, the head of state stressed that the role of the President should remain strong. The head of Belarus is quoted by TASS.

Turkey has blocked Russian warships from crossing the Bosphorus.

Ankara wants to close the passage between the Black and Mediterranean seas for Russia due to the growing escalation of the conflict in the region with Greece. This was reported by journalists from Avia.about”

Lukashenko in favor of the continuation of integration with Russia

The Treaty on the creation of the Union state has been in force for more than twenty years President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko said in an interview with Russian journalists that he is ready to continue integration processes within the Union state

In the US, Putin’s plans for Belarus were revealed

Against the background of the Belarusian political crisis, Putin is making every effort to “soft annexation” of the neighboring state instead of forcibly seizing it. This statement is made by the authors of an article published in the American edition of Foreign Affairs

Russian citizens opposed the unification of Russia and Belarus

According to the results of the VTSIOM survey, 43% of Russian citizens deny the need to create a Union state of Russia and Belarus, 22% voted “for” an equal Union of the two countries, 17% believe that Belarus should become part of Russia, 1% — on the contrary.

According to the survey, 43% of respondents heard about the creation of the Union state of Russia and Belarus for the first time, and 57% know about it.

EU extends sanctions against Russia over Ukraine for six months

It is specified that the black list of individuals and legal entities of Russia and Ukraine, introduced in connection with the “destabilization of the situation in Ukraine”, has been extended until March 15, 2021.

Lukashenko appoints new Prosecutor General of Belarus

Lukashenko appointed a new Prosecutor General of Belarus, former Chairman of the state Committee of forensic examinations Andrey Shved – telegram channel “Pool of the First”