23 Sep, 2019

News digest for 09/21-22/2019

The US imposed sanctions against the Central Bank of Iran

The Ministry of Finance explained that in accordance with the decision, all property and all assets of the Central Bank of Iran in the United States should be frozen. All US citizens will be prohibited from making any transactions involving the Iranian Central Bank.

The US also threatened secondary sanctions and foreign individuals and legal entities that will do business with the Central Bank of Iran.

Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev urged officials to dream

“We must dream. Even if the decisions will be implemented not today, but tomorrow,” Medvedev said, speaking at the forum “Environment for life: cities”.

Russian government’s tourism breakthrough

The government approved the strategy of tourism development in Russia until 2035. According to the plan approved by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev, according to the basic scenario, the gross added value of the industry should be 8.764 billion rubles by this time.

In 2017, this figure was equal to 3,158 billion rubles. the strategy States that under the inertial scenario, the number of tourists accommodated in hotels, hostels, sanatoriums and other places should grow from 62 million to 88 million people per year.

The number of legal entities working in the hotel industry and catering should also grow: from 78 thousand to 109 thousand units.

India is seeking to accelerate economic growth through tax cuts.

The Indian economy slowed in 2019, the forecasts deteriorated significantly. OECD yesterday lowered the forecast for GDP growth in India for this year from 7.2 to 5.9% for 2020-from 7.4 to 6.3%. In this regard, the corporate tax rate will be reduced from 30 to 25%, which will bring the sector $20.5 billion.

The tax cuts are related to the desire to increase the competitiveness of the Indian economy in comparison with its regional neighbors and to stimulate economic growth in a deteriorating global environment.

“Naftogaz” calculated for Russia a new tariff for gas transit

Naftogaz of Ukraine has calculated tariffs for the transit of Russian gas to Europe for the next five years. It is reported by “Interfax-Ukraine” with reference to the press service of the company.

The price for the transit of raw materials will depend on the volume of reservation of transit capacities of the Ukrainian gas transportation system. When booking 60 billion cubic meters, Naftogaz will carry out gas transit at a price of $ 3.21 per thousand cubic meters per 100 kilometers. When booking 90 billion cubic meters, the price will be 2.56 dollars.

In Arkhangelsk, two thousand people came to a rally against the construction of a landfill in Shies

More than 80% of Russians faced inefficiency of drugs

More than 80% of Russians reported that at least once in their lives they observed no effect after the use of certain drugs. At the same time, about the same number of residents said that they prescribe their own treatment, according to the results of a survey conducted by the research company ResearchMe commissioned by the German pharmaceutical company Stada.

“81% of Russians at least once in their lives faced with the inefficiency of drugs. Of these, more than half (57%) fell into this situation more than once. More often than others, this problem arose in young people aged 18-34 years, ” – said in the survey, the results of which are available to TASS.

Russian banks in August actively spent their foreign exchange reserves

The buffer of currency liquidity for the month sank by a third, to $12.1 billion from accounts abroad during this period, $5 billion was withdrawn. Earlier, credit institutions, on the contrary, increased currency liquidity.

Sergei Shoigu gave a two-hour interview MK

The Secretary of defense says that:

  • perhaps in Russia will cancel the universal appeal, there will be only a small number of regular troops, contractors will be more
  • that does not drink alcohol, feels nostalgia for the USSR (not on slogans and marches, and on “proud spirit” and” Brotherly HPP ” Yevtushenko) and would like to build two cities in Siberia
  • about the Third world war, which is sure to be, but definitely will be the last
  • that” military reform ” in Russia should continue forever
  • public “revelations” of politicians in mass media are similar to denunciations of 1937.

Turkey has completed preparations for the operation in Syria in the East of the Euphrates

This was stated by Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, noting that at the moment the territory of Syria is almost cleared of terrorists, but there is a new organization called “Syrian democratic forces”, which, according to him, in fact is no different from previous terrorist organizations. He concluded that the steps taken by Ankara would deal a “serious blow” to the militants.

Turkey wants to consider buying American Patriot missile systems.

“If our conditions are met, we are ready to consider buying, it is also on the agenda in the US,” Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said. He did not specify what conditions were in question.

The US abandoned the idea of selling patriot complexes to Turkey after Ankara received the first s-400 SAMS purchased from Russia. Washington at the same time refused to transfer the fifth-generation f-35 fighters to Ankara.

Climate change as opposed to the problem of religious persecution in the world

Donald trump refused to participate in the UN summit on climate change. He decided to attend a session of the UN General Assembly devoted to the problem of religious persecution in the world instead of the climate summit.

“This event is aimed at expanding international support for religious freedom against the background of increasing cases of persecution of people for their religious beliefs, as well as the growing number of attacks and destruction of religious sites,” the source said.

It is indicated that both events will be held in parallel with each other.

Google report on the creation of a powerful quantum computer

Edition of the Financial Times discovered Google’s report on the creation of a powerful quantum computer: for 3.5 minutes, he made a calculation that supercomputer Summit would take 10 thousand years. The company’s successes were noted in Intel, but then the Google report was removed from the NASA website, and the authors refused to comment on it

Two Russian military base in Tajikistan hospitalized with stab wounds

The incident occurred in Bokhtar. The young men were in town on personal business. According to preliminary data, they were injured in an attack by a local resident. The victims have already received the necessary medical assistance. Health status there is no threat to life. Sputnik Tajikistan reported the incident at the 201st Russian military base. The information was confirmed by the press Secretary of the interior Ministry Umarjon Emomali

Rallies and protests are held in Kazakhstan

In Nursultan, Almaty and Shymkent, rallies were held against the construction of 55 Chinese factories, the expansion of China’s economic influence in the country and for the liberalization of the political system. Several dozen people were detained across the country, correspondents of the Present Time and the Kazakh edition of Radio Liberty (“Azattyk”) reported. In Nursultan, the police detained a man without a leg. When it tried to be placed in a paddywagon, the police officer tore off to the man a prosthesis and simply threw in the car. According to official data, more than 50 people were detained. The police also obstructed the work of journalists.

Aslana Abashidze, wanted by Interpol, lives in Moscow

Former President of the Autonomous Republic of Adjara Aslan Abashidze, declared an international wanted list, headed the HOA in the Western administrative district of Moscow, found “Open media”.

The Russian government approved the Federal budget for 2020-22.

It does not envisage significant changes in the budget policy. In 2020, the accumulation is in accordance with the budget rule, as a result of which the volume of the NWF is approaching 10% of GDP at the end of 2020.

Expenses increase by 6.5%. The indicator of fiscal policy rigidity-non-oil and gas deficit-remains unchanged throughout the forecast period-5.8-5.9% of GDP. Before the start of tight fiscal consolidation (2017-2019), this figure was in the range of 9-10% of GDP.

Spending on national projects for 2020 increased by 6.6% compared to last year’s plans. The total cost of national projects-2.0 trillion rubles (1.8% of GDP). The increase affected projects related to demography, health, science and culture; reduced spending on the environment; for other national projects, changes are insignificant

Russia faces suspension from the Olympic games in Tokyo

According to The Telegraph, this is due to the assumption that the data of the Moscow anti-doping laboratory were falsified before being transferred to the World anti-doping Agency. It is assumed that the information manipulated the last 18 months, trying to hide the systematic use of doping by Russian athletes.

The release of the data was thought to have ended the doping crisis, which has caused serious damage to Russian sport. If the fact of violations is proved, it can lead to the fact that the Russian anti-doping Agency will again lose its full status. The compliance Committee will inform THE WADA Executive Committee of the situation at a meeting in Tokyo next week.

The US urged Russia to respect the rights of ” Jehovah’s Witnesses»

The US state Department is concerned about the verdict of the Saratov court against six members of the organization “Jehovah’s Witnesses” (the organization is banned in Russia), the corresponding message of the head of the press service of the Department Morgan Ortegus was published on Saturday on Twitter.

The diplomat said that “Jehovah’s Witnesses” (the organization is banned in Russia) conduct peaceful religious activities, and called on the Russian authorities to respect the right of its citizens to freedom of religion and to remove from the members of the organization false accusations of extremism.

We will remind, on Friday the Leninsky district court of Saratov recognized six “witnesses” guilty under article 282 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (“Excitation of hatred or hostility, as well as humiliation of human dignity”). Earlier it was reported that Kirov experts found signs of extremism in the old Testament.

Owners of vehicles are waiting for major changes.

Physical persons-owners of expensive cars worth from 3 to 5 million rubles and not older than 3 years will pay transport tax with a single increasing coefficient-1.1. The list of expensive cars has expanded. Now includes Mercedes-Benz Mercedes-AMG GT C, G90 Royal Hyundai Genesis and BMW 340i xDrive Gran Turismo. The new rules will apply for vehicle tax in 2018, besides has canceled the Federal benefit for organizations. Now the tax on a vehicle weighing more than twelve tons will not be reduced by the amount that was made as payment in the “Plato”system.

Authorities have limited tourist activity on lake Baikal

The rules for organizing tourism and recreation in the Central ecological zone of the Baikal natural territory were approved by the government of the Irkutsk region. According to the press service of the Governor of the region, the document is aimed at compliance with the maximum permissible norms of loads on the environment.

Priority is given to ecological tourism. It is planned to form registers of regional tourist routes, guides, guides, interpreters, instructors, guides who work on lake Baikal.

Papua New Guinea visas for Russians now available online

Upon arrival in Papua New Guinea, you will need to submit an approved visa application in printed form in your name and a completed health form as mentioned above. After checking the documents, you will receive a visa on arrival and can enjoy the unique and mysterious world of Papua New Guinea.

A single emergency insurance Fund was proposed to be created at the expense of citizens

The Finance Ministry and the Central Bank of Russia proposed to create a single Fund of insurance against emergencies. It is planned to replenish it at the expense of citizens who decide to insure their homes, the head of the all-Russian Union of insurers (VSS) Igor Jurgens told Izvestia.

“It is expected to collect across the country for 150 rubles, which will be sent to the “one common boiler”, 95% of the amount will go to the Russian national reinsurance company. And from there the funds will be sent to the regions where the emergency is declared,” Jurgens explained.

The founder of Yota gained control of the largest gas company in Yakutia

A-property, controlled by the founder of the telecommunications operator Yota, became the majority shareholder of the Yakut fuel and energy company (YATEC), the largest gas supplier in Yakutia. This RBC representative said “a-property” Anastasia Kharitonova

“Surgutneftegas” introduced in Yakutia, Lena field

PJSC “Surgutneftegas” put into operation in Yakutia a new field – Lensky-with proven oil reserves of 40 million tons, the company said in a statement. The company emphasizes that the new field was commissioned ahead of plans.

The Russian government approved a bill to increase the minimum wage

The Russian government approved a bill to increase from January 1, 2020, the minimum wage (minimum wage) by 7.5% – up to 12 130 rubles, told reporters on Thursday in the press service of the Ministry of labor.

We will also consider the bill to increase the minimum wage. Every year we set a minimum wage of 100% of the subsistence minimum. For the second quarter of the previous year, in accordance with this mechanism, the minimum wage next year will increase by 850 rubles and will amount to 12 thousand 130 rubles. – Dmitry Medvedev, Russian politician

More than 400 billion rubles have been pledged for the development of the urban environment in Russia

Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev said that the Federal budget of 2020-2022 laid more than 400 billion rubles for the development of the urban environment

The savings Bank gives huge loans to teenagers

Since August this year, Sberbank has revived the program of issuing loans for training with the participation of the state. You can get money in the Bank from the age of 14.

The Russians got the credit circle

Retail trade turnover in Russia continues to slow down, despite the growth of consumer loans. Why is that bad? This writes TG-channel “Clear”.

The Russians were in the “black” phase of the credit cycle. They are gaining more and more loans in order to maintain the usual standard of living. However, debt repayments are also on the rise, which account for an increasing share of income. As a result, the debt burden of the population is growing, but the growth rate of retail trade turnover is falling, which is pressured by the debt burden of the population.

Saudi Aramco has notified the Japanese partner of the changes in the terms of oil supply

As reported by the Nikkei newspaper, JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy received notice that the grade of oil supplied from October will be changed from light to medium and heavy. At the same time, Saudi Aramco did not provide any explanation in this regard. Such raw materials are cheaper to buy, but more difficult and expensive to process. Experts believe that this could lead to a rise in gasoline prices in Japan before the end of the year.

Russians continue to use pirated content

As found in the antivirus company ESET, the vast majority of Russians continue to use pirated content and only 9% of Internet users choose a license.

Also, the survey determined that 52% of users download unlicensed games, and pirate TV series and movies are watching 43%. 43% prefer to listen to music through such services, but only 14% download books without a license.

The main reasons for the use of illegal content are the high cost of the licensed version (75% of Russians) and the insufficiency of the offered range at the license sites (a third of respondents).

The third ship with coal from Colombia arrived in Ukraine

In Ukraine, another ship with 73 tons of Colombian coal arrived at the port of Yuzhny in Odessa region, the Ukrainian energy holding DTEK said in a statement.

Egypt’s natural gas production has reached record levels

Oil Minister Egpyt Tarek al-Molla said that natural gas production in the country reached a record level in September, amounted 200,8 million cubic meters per day. It is reported by the main news publication of Egypt newspaper Al Ahram.

The foreign Minister of Taiwan announced the rupture of relations with Kiribati

Foreign Minister of Taiwan Joseph Wu, speaking in Taipei said on Friday, September 20, the severance of diplomatic relations with the Pacific island nation of Kiribati, and the intention to immediately close the Embassy, reports Reuters

Kiribati was the seventh state to break off diplomatic relations with Taiwan since 2016, after Burkina Faso, the Dominican Republic, Sao Tome and Principe, Panama, El Salvador and the Solomon Islands. Taiwan currently has official relations with 15 countries

China will introduce tests on loyalty to XI Jinping for journalists

About 10,000 journalists from 14 state-owned media in Beijing will undergo “pilot tests” that will determine their loyalty to Chinese President XI Jinping, as well as their knowledge of Communist ideology, TJ writes. If the exam fails, journalists will lose their press card.

Shoigu told about his main dream

Russian defense Minister Sergei Shoigu admitted that his main dream is to return to Siberia to build cities there. The head of the military Department said that he is nostalgic for the Soviet times, when large-scale infrastructure projects were carried out

Правительство поручило возродить студенческие трудовые стройотряды

Власти России решили возродить практику принудительного привлечения студентов за бесплатно к государственным стройкам, которая была широко распространена в СССР.
Студенческие стройотряды будут участвовать в реализации госпрограммы «Обеспечение доступным и комфортным жильем и коммунальными услугами граждан РФ», которая, согласно плану ускорения экономики, в ближайшие 5 лет должна улучшить жилищные условия 20 миллионам семей, сообщает «Finanz»

A children’s procession was held in Yekaterinburg. The children walked 8 kilometers in the rain to pray for good grades.

China successfully put 5 new satellites into orbit

At the time of launch, there were already 6 Chinese satellites in the near-earth space, which initiated a new space program a year and a half ago. The probes were created by scientists at the Harbin Institute of Technology. For the rocket “Changzheng” this is the 311-th start.

In Kiev will confiscate the land bought by the Russians

The Minister of economic development, trade and agriculture of Ukraine Timofey Milovanov declared intention of the authorities of the country to confiscate agricultural lands if they are acquired by Russians. About it inform “Ukrainian news”.

“This is, of course, confiscation,” — said Milovanov on the question of the planned measures to prevent the purchase of land by the Russians.

In his opinion, this mechanism should be applied “more widely”.

Wikileaks chief editor spoke about the conditions of Assange in prison

Wikileaks editor-in-chief Kristinn Hrafnsson spoke about the conditions in which the British authorities contain the founder of the organization Julian Assange. He said this in an interview with the Grayzone.

According to him, Assange is in terrible conditions that are worse than those of convicted terrorists. The Wikileaks founder cannot be visited more than twice a month, and Assange has been banned from correspondence. The editor-in-chief added that Assange is in almost complete isolation in prison.

Ukraine refused to train Hyperloop

Hyperloop is a vacuum train project proposed in 2013 by entrepreneur Elon Musk. A number of countries expressed interest in the idea. So, in Ukraine it was actively promoted by Vladimir Omelyan-the former Minister of infrastructure.

Iran announces joint exercises with Russia and China

Iran will conduct naval joint exercises in the Gulf of Oman with Russia and China, said the head of the Department of the General staff of the armed forces of the country on international Affairs Kadir Nezami. According to Fars, the maneuvers will be held in the Northern Indian ocean and in the Gulf of Oman.

Gorbachev urged Nobel laureates to join the dialogue on nuclear disarmament

In the past, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev asked Nobel peace prize laureates to call on the leaders of the nuclear powers to return to negotiations on reducing and destroying nuclear stockpiles. The corresponding message of the President of the USSR published on the website of the Gorbachev Foundation.

Poisoned in Amesbury the British decided to seize at Russia of a million pounds

Briton Charles Rowley, who suffered from a nerve agent in Amesbury last summer, intends to sue Russia and demand compensation in the amount of about a million pounds (about 80 million rubles). This writes The Mirror, citing Rowley and his lawyer

Ensign has sold spare parts of computers FSB

According to media reports, Khairullin worked as a senior technician of the Academy and in a year managed to disassemble more than 500 computers. He sold processors and memory modules through free classifieds sites.

New security measures tested in Russia

In Gelendzhik, the police took unusual security measures in connection with the official arrival of Patriarch Kirill in the city. About announced on September 19 a criminal lawyer and family Affairs Tatiana Tretiak.

According to her, to her father the law enforcement officers who demanded to seal the safe with the weapon came late in the evening. At the same time, they did not have Scotch and paper with them – in the end they asked for it from the man himself. The human rights activist notes that similar visits occur in other citizens who have firearms at home.

What would be a world in which the Beatles never existed

In Russia, on the wide screen comes the film of British Director Danny Boyle’s “Yesterday” – the musician who after an accident was in a world where you never existed The Beatles.

The mathematician solved the riddle of the number 42

For 65 years, mathematicians around the world tried to solve a kind of puzzle and find three numbers, the sum of which in the cube would be 42. The problem is as follows: can any number from 1 to 100 be expressed as the sum of three cubes? If we write the formula of 1954, we get the following: X3 + y3 + z3 = K. K in this case — any number from 1 to 100. Accordingly, it was necessary to determine all three unknown variables for each number K in this interval.

Mathematician Andrew Booker of the Numberphile channel enlisted the help of MIT mathematician Andrew Sutherland, an expert in mass parallel computing. In turn, they resorted to Charity Engine, an initiative that spans the globe, using the residual computing power of more than 500,000 home PCs, resulting in a kind of”planetary supercomputer.” In total, the calculations took over a million hours, but the answer was still found:

X = -80538738812075974
Y = 80435758145817515
Z = 12602123297335631

Thus, the complete equation is as follows:

(-80538738812075974)3 + 804357581458175153 + 126021232973356313 = 42.

“I feel relieved,” Booker said on his blog

Alcohol-producing bacteria damage the liver

This conclusion was reached by a group of scientists from China, which in the course of the study found intestinal bacteria Klebsiella pneumonia, capable of producing alcohol in the body, are the cause of liver damage, reminiscent of cirrhosis.

The reason for the study of intestinal bacteria in the body and their relationship with alcohol, became a patient with the syndrome of “autopiloten”. This man after the use of sweet products for no reason drunk, and in some cases, the stage of intoxication was dangerous to his health.

The world’s most innovative countries

In the Congo found particularly resistant to antibiotics microbe

In the African Republic of the Congo, biologists have found a previously unknown dangerous microbe-a variant of non-typhoid Salmonella. As reported nplus1.ru he has a special resistance to antibiotics. The new microbe is resistant to azithromycin and Ceftriaxone and is insensitive to cephalosporin. He was therefore classified as a ” super-microbe.” Researchers believe it appeared in the Congo about 15 years ago and has since spread to several cities.

Contact fiber optic turned into a simple strain gauge

American and Italian engineers have proposed a simple method of creating strain sensors that measure it with an accuracy of less than one Newton and localize it with an accuracy of less than a millimeter. The sensors consist of a polymer mesh and optical fibers connected to a light source and photodiodes. When the grid is compressed, part of the fibers come into contact with each other and light falls on the photodiodes, measuring which, it is possible to calculate the force and place of its application, the authors report in Science Robotics.

Microplastic gets into drinking water from washing machines

Up to 60% of microplastics contained in fresh water comes from washing machines – these are the conclusions of scientists from the University of Pennsylvania. Their research at the United States sewage treatment plant has shown that virtually all microfibers that enter the sewers after washing clothes, then pass unhindered through all filters and eventually end up in drinking water. The figures are cited by the scientific journal Scientific American.

Pain-sensitive receptor found

Researchers at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden conducted a study in which they discovered a completely new receptor sensitive to pain. According to scientists, sensitivity to pain is manifested not only in the nerve endings, but also in the receptor, which previously no one knew. The discovery could be the key to developing a new therapy against chronic pain.

Seen unexplained space phenomenon

Astronomers from the US, the Netherlands, Sweden, and Taiwan under the leadership of Sarah Frederick (Sara Frederick) from the University of Maryland in College Park have described the observation of transitions from six galaxy class LINER (Low-ionization nuclear emission-line region — core region with the emission lines of low-ionized elements) in the active condition of AGNs within nine months. In four cases, broad lines appeared in the radiation of galaxies, that is, they actually became quasars, and in two cases the object turned into active Seyfert galaxies of type I. The discovery was made thanks to a new survey tool Zwicky Transient Facility (ZFT-automatic installation at Palomar Observatory in California, which began regular observations in March 2018, according to The Astrophysical Journal

“It’s amazing that any galaxy can change on the human time scale. These measurements are happening much faster than we can explain with current quasar theories, ” says Frederick. — New research will be needed to understand what could affect the rate of accretion in the galaxy in such a way and lead to such rapid changes. The processes involved must be exceptional and impressive»

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