2 Oct, 2020

News digest for 10/01/2020

Scientists called the terrible disaster that killed the ancient Mayans

It was found that the terrible eruption occurred in 431 ad. the Plume rose to a height of 45 km, and the ash fell over an area of more than 7 thousand km, eventually reaching Greenland.

In the United States created an artificial anesthesiologist

Scientists from the Massachusetts Institute of technology and the Massachusetts General hospital have created a neural network that monitors the level of unconsciousness of a patient using anesthesia. The full version of the report on the new AI was recognized as the best work of the international conference on artificial intelligence in medicine in 2020. Scientists will continue to train the neural network and will soon test it on real patients.

Gorillas don’t develop osteoporosis unlike humans

Biologists have found that aging female gorillas do not experience the accelerated bone loss associated with the development of osteoporosis. The results may provide clues to how age-related diseases occurred in humans. The article is published in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences.

Bodies in the Solar system lie not in one, but in two planes

The study of comet motion indicates that the orbits of Solar system bodies are grouped in two main planes, rather than one. Analysis of the orbits of long – period comets shows that the aphelion orbits of comets – the points of greatest distance from the Sun-lie either in the well-known plane of the Ecliptic, where the orbits of all the planets of the system lie, or in the newly discovered “empty Ecliptic”. These findings play an important role in modeling the origin of comets in the Solar system. The study is published in the Astronomical Journal.

When the moon appeared, the Earth lost 60% of its atmosphere

Scientists from Durham University (UK) simulated the consequences of a collision between the Earth and another celestial body. As a result of this cataclysm, the Moon is believed to have appeared. New data showed that our planet could lose up to 60% of the atmosphere, according to Astrophysical Journal Letters.

Radiation on the moon leaves no chance for humanity to develop a satellite

The level of radiation on the moon exceeds the earth’s 200 times, found a group of scientists who conducted large-scale research to establish the threshold for human survival on the Earth’s satellite. When on the moon, an astronaut will receive an annual rate for less than 16 days, according to a study published in the scientific journal Science Advances.

Google introduced the Pixel 5 smartphone

The new product supports 5G as part of the presentation of new products from Google, the company introduced the flagship smartphone Pixel 5, capable of working in the 5G network. The younger model of the new Pixel 4a 5G device was also presented. The new product is the world’s first smartphone with Android 11 pre-installed. The new product will cost about 54,000 rubles.

Cookies for collecting user data

When visiting many sites, technical developers collect information about the user using cookies. At the moment, when users visit the sites, they receive a message about the use of cookies.

Thanks to the user’s consent to the use of cookies, developers can access various statistics, such as how much time a person spent on the site, what product or text on the site attracted their attention, what hyperlinks they used to get to the site, whether they made purchases, the expert explained.

Amazon introduced a device for paying for purchases using the palm of your hand

The American company Amazon has introduced the Amazon One device that allows you to make purchases in stores by contactless scanning of the palm, writes The Verge. The new technology identifies users by individual characteristics, such as lines, hand curves, and vein patterns.

Google introduced the Chromecast TV keychain with Google TV

Google held an online presentation of a whole constellation of new products. The first device that the company showed was the much-discussed Google Chromecast TV keychain with Google TV. For a small price, it can turn any TV with an HDMI connector into a smart one.

New SanDisk pocket SSD drives

The SanDisk Extreme device uses a USB 3.2 Gen 2 Type-C interface for data exchange with a computer with a bandwidth of up to 10 Gbit/s. The declared speed of reading information reaches 1050 MB/s, the write speed is 1000 MB/s.

Cello and Google unveil budget smart TVs on Android

British TV manufacturer Cello Electronics has announced a partnership with Google to produce a new line of smart TVs based on Android. Cello Electronics is known as a manufacturer of budget TVs — and now, with the help of Google, it is planned to make them a little “smarter”.

Possible consequences of the desalination plant operation in Crimea

The construction of a desalination plant in Crimea may affect the coastal ecosystem and even lead to the emergence of overseas zones. This is especially important because we are talking about construction in the resort village of Simferopol district — Nikolaevka. This was stated by Nikolai Shadrin, a leading researcher at the Institute OF biology of the South seas of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Harry Potter monument installed in Central London

Bronze Harry Potter decorated the territory near the Odeon cinema. It was there in 2001 that the picture “Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone”was shown for the first time on the big screen.

Apple’s Billie Eilish movie will be released in February 2021

Apple Original Films took over the shooting of the film. The film was called “Billy Ailish: the World Is a little blurry”. The film is directed by R. J. Cutler. There are no details about the feed at the moment. There is information that the film will reveal facts that are unknown at the moment. The film is produced by Apple Original Films. Production of the tape was taken over by the record label Interscope Records.

The plan of the war with authoritarian adversaries

According to the chief of the British defense Staff, Nicholas Carter, London will have to resist the “political attack” organized by authoritarian countries. So, he, along with the head of the British Ministry of defense, Ben Wallace, presented the strategy of this war Integrated Operating Concept until 2025.

As stated in the concept, the UK needs a new doctrine of the use of military force to confront States that do not distinguish between “peace and war”. We are talking about Russia, Iran, China and North Korea. At the same time, it is planned to develop more modern means of warfare, including cybernetic and electromagnetic weapons of mass destruction.

US intelligence agencies wanted to kidnap or poison Julian Assange

The plans of the special services were shared by a former security guard at UC Global, who was involved in the development of methods by American intelligence officers to eliminate Assange. According to him, one of the options was to kidnap the journalist. He said that the head of UC Global, David Morales, three years ago received a proposal from the us intelligence services to use “more radical measures”against Assange. Today, we recall, the founder of WikiLeaks, is in a British prison on charges of espionage and disclosure of classified information.

China prepares antitrust investigation against Google

Chinese authorities are preparing to launch an antitrust investigation against Google, suspecting that it is abusing the dominant position of its Android OS in the mobile operating system market and holding back competition.

Japan has declared full sovereignty over Russia’s Southern Kuril Islands

According to the new General Secretary of the Cabinet of Ministers, Katsunobu Kato, Japan has full sovereignty over the territory of the Southern Kuril Islands. Japan will continue to search for ways to solve the territorial problem and conclude a peace Treaty with Russia, not going to shift the problems of Russian-Japanese relations to the shoulders of future generations.

104-year-old war veteran decided to buy a car, but got it for free

Last week, the new York-based Joe Basil Chevrolet dealership surprised a world war II participant by giving him a brand-new Chevrolet Sonic for free. The message about this appeared on the car dealership’s Facebook page:

Clint, a 104-year-old war veteran, wanted to buy a new 2020 Chevrolet Sonic from us, but we thought that since he had sacrificed so much for us, we would just give it to him. Thank you for your service, Clint, we will always be in your debt

A film about the use of social networks by foreign intelligence was released in the United States

The Federal Bureau of investigation (FBI) and the national center for counterintelligence and security of the United States (NCSC) released a 30-minute film called The Nevernight Connection, informing about threats from foreign intelligence in social networks, RIA Novosti reports

In the United States, stocks of wheat and corn sharply decreased

The U.S. Department of agriculture (USDA) estimated the country’s total wheat reserves at 2.159 billion as of September 01, 2020. bushels’. This is 8% less than a year ago and 3.8% less than the average forecast of independent experts. According to the Agency Grain Online with reference to the USDA website. Estimated corn reserves – 1.995 billion. bushels, which is 10.2% less than a year ago and 11.4% less than market expectations.

The court ordered Snowden to pay the US authorities $4.2 million

A Federal court in Virginia ordered former us intelligence officer Edward Snowden to hand over to the US authorities $4.2 million received for the book “Personal file” and speeches, writes Bloomberg

Intermittent fasting doesn’t help you lose weight

A group of researchers from the University of California, San Francisco conducted a large-scale work aimed at finding out how intermittent (interval) fasting affects the human body. Interval fasting according to the 16:8 system is no more effective for weight loss than the usual three meals a day without restrictions. The article is published in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine.

US to move fighter jets from Germany to Italy

On the eve of a congressional hearing, General David Alvin, commander of the operations Department of the joint chiefs of staff, said that plans to transfer F-16 fighter jets from Germany to the Italian base are one of the measures in the framework of the Pentagon’s General course to contain Russia, reports TASS

Belgium sets world record for life without government

The absence of actual power lasted for 21 months, after which it was possible to form a new Cabinet of Ministers. He should start performing his duties after taking the oath starting from October 1. The government will be headed by the liberal Alexander de Croo, in total, seven parties will participate in the Affairs of Belgium.

Anarchy in the country lasted more than 650 days, which is a record. The previous maximum was also set by Brussels as part of the crisis that engulfed 2010 and 2011. Current political divisions in Belgium have dragged on since December 2018. The reason for this was that the country’s authorities opposed the UN global agreement on migration.

Russian tax authorities offered to expand access to Bank secrecy

The Russian government has suggested that in the next three years, the tax authorities should be given more opportunities to study information about Bank customers. Expanding the rights of the Federal tax service (FTS) is provided for in the “Main directions of budget and tax policy”, which the government submitted to the state Duma, writes RBC.

The document provides for expanding the possibilities for tax authorities to obtain data from credit institutions necessary for tax control and sending information at the request of the competent authorities. However, the document does not say what kind of information about clients and how the tax service will be able to receive it

Budget expenditures for the defense of Russia

In the materials to the draft budget of Russia, it is noted that expenditures under the section “national defense” in 2021 will amount to 3.1 trillion rubles, in 2020 — 3.2 trillion rubles, in 2023 — 3.3 trillion rubles.

The share in the total volume of Federal budget expenditures under the section “national defense” in 2021 and 2023 compared to 2020 (13.9%) will increase to 14.5%, in 2022 it will increase to 15.1%, — the draft budget says

The Cabinet of Ministers allocated funds for the completion of the Vostochny cosmodrome

The Federal government has allocated an additional 5.8 billion rubles for the completion of the first stage of the Vostochny cosmodrome. It follows from the draft budget for 2021-2023, submitted by the government to the state Duma.

Transneft has reduced the oil pumping

Oil transportation through the Transneft pipeline system in September 2020 decreased by 14% year-on-year, to 35 million tons, while exports decreased by 21.4%, to 16 million tons, the company told reporters. Oil exports through seaports last month decreased by 32.3% year – on-year to 7.7 million tons.

The Central Bank of Russia sold the currency on the domestic market

The Central Bank of Russia sold the currency on the domestic market with settlements on September 30 in the amount of 2.5 billion rubles, according to the regulator’s website. It is noted that the Central Bank sold the currency as part of proactive measures to reduce market volatility.

Russian state Duma raises taxes on metals and mineral fertilizers

The state Duma adopted in the final, third reading a law that from January 1, 2021 introduces a rent coefficient (K-rent) in the amount of 3.5 to the current rate of mineral extraction tax (met) on a number of solid minerals

Mining has declined on the don

According to the statistics Department of Rostov, compared to last year, mining decreased by an average of 6.4%. In monetary terms, the losses amounted to 211 billion rubles. Coal mining was the most affected, with a decline of more than 15.8%. In contrast, crude oil and natural gas production on the don increased by 2.8%

How much do Russian borrowers spend on debt repayment

Borrowers of Russian banks and microfinance organizations spend an average of 25% of their income on paying off their debt every month, while only 15% of borrowers have a debt load above 50%, according to a study by the financial marketplace “Unicom 24”, which is available to RIA Novosti.

The Cabinet of Ministers extended the program of tourist cashback in Russia

The Russian government has extended the tourist cashback program until January 10, 2021. The corresponding decree was signed by Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin. This is reported by the press service of the Cabinet of Ministers

Mandatory labeling of perfume and photo products comes into force in Russia

Mandatory labeling of perfume and photo products comes into force in the Russian Federation from October 1, 2020. The corresponding decree was signed by Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin. The document was published on the website of the Cabinet of Ministers in January 2020.

The government has changed the rules for passing technical inspections

In particular, it will be mandatory to take photos of cars when entering and leaving the service. They will also record the coordinates of the car to determine exactly which service the images were taken in. Another change concerns the exemption from technical inspection of car owners under four years of age. Once every two years, Russians will be required to check the condition of their vehicle if it is between four and ten years old. Cars older than ten years must be brought for inspection every year. Similar requirements apply to owners of motorcycles, trucks, trailers, and semi-trailers

For fictitious technical inspection, the current legislation provides for punishment. The amount of the fine varies from 5 to 300 thousand rubles, depending on who is found guilty, an employee, official or organization.

The family was evicted from an apartment near Irkutsk and ordered to pay the mortgage

In the city of Bratsk, Irkutsk region, the family of Vyacheslav and Victoria Seleznev With two children was evicted from the apartment by a court decision, but they must pay the mortgage for this housing for more than a decade and a half. The family purchased an apartment that was sold using forged documents

Mishustin called for every ruble to be spent on improving people’s lives

In the current difficult conditions, fulfilling social obligations remains a priority, and every ruble should be used to improve people’s lives. This was announced on October 1 by Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin

In Russia, the rules for obtaining a tax deduction are changing

Now, in order to return the overpaid amount of tax, you will first have to pay off all tax debts, and overpayments can be sent to the account of future payments, regardless of their type. For example, the Federal amount can be offset against the local tax. An application for offset or refund of the amount of overpaid tax must be submitted within three years from the date of payment

Number of Russian bankrupts

Over the five years of the law on bankruptcy of individuals in Russia (entered into force on October 1, 2015), 228 thousand people used it, Kommersant calculated. Experts interviewed by the publication call the Institute of personal bankruptcy held.

The former press Secretary of the Patriarch said that the heads of the ROC do not have billions

The patriarchs do not have any multi-billion-dollar fortunes, and only a “narrow stratum” of the clergy strives for luxury in the ROC. This was stated by Archpriest Vladimir Vigilyansky, former press Secretary of patriarchs Alexy II and Kirill, rector of the Church of St. Tatiana at Moscow state University

The Governor of Kamchatka announced the creation of the Ministry of happiness

Governor of the Kamchatka territory Vladimir Solodov said that the region will create a “Ministry of happiness” — the Ministry of social welfare and family policy, according to the website of the government of Kamchatka

I am currently carrying out a reform of the authorities of the Kamchatka territory, and we have decided to create a Ministry of happiness. Officially, its full name is the Ministry of social welfare and family policy, but it is abbreviated to happiness. It is important for me to make this transition, to get away from the Ministry of the offended and disadvantaged

Russian musicians held a festival in support of the Belarusian people

The groups “Accident”, “Leg cramped”, Andrey Makarevich, poets Dmitry Bykov and Leonid Kaganov and others took part in the “Partisan fest” in support of Belarusians, which Moscow tried to ban.

Statement by the presidents of Russia, the United States and France on Nagorno-Karabakh

President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin, President of the United States of America Donald trump and President of the French Republic Emmanuel macron, representing the OSCE Minsk group co – chair countries, strongly condemn the escalation of violence taking place on the line of contact in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone.

We mourn the victims and Express our condolences to the families of those killed and injured.

We call for an immediate cessation of hostilities between the armed forces of the parties involved.

We also call on the leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan to immediately commit themselves to resume negotiations on the substance of the settlement in good faith and without preconditions, with the assistance of the OSCE Minsk group co-chairs.

Erdogan called the ceasefire in Karabakh unacceptable

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan considers the ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh unacceptable. Earlier, this was stated by the countries of the OSCE Minsk group. Erdogan’s statement is quoted by TASS.

“It is unacceptable that the Minsk group now demands a ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh. They should demand that Armenia first withdraw from the occupied territories of Nagorno-Karabakh,” the Turkish President said. It should be noted that this is also required by the government of Azerbaijan.

The OSCE Minsk group includes Belarus, Finland, Germany, Italy, Sweden and Turkey, as well as Armenia and Azerbaijan. The group is co-chaired by Russia, France and the United States

Israel and Lebanon start direct negotiations on the Maritime boundary

Israel and Lebanon are launching direct talks on the Maritime border with the US mediation. The issue became particularly acute when oil and gas were found in the disputed sea. Formally, Israel and Lebanon are in a state of conflict. The countries have mutual claims on their borders – both sea and land.

Yuri Dmitriev’s sentence was severely and sharply toughened

Historian Yuri Dmitriev was supposed to be released in November this year, but yesterday the Supreme court of Karelia sharply toughened his sentence — from three and a half to 13 years in a high-security penal colony.

Dmitriev’s case, which began in 2016, does not end there — an appeal is ahead, and a second (already third) review of the historian’s charges of producing pornography and indecent acts.

Human rights activists and colleagues of the historian believe that the entire trial is a “revenge of the system” for Dmitriev’s Gulag research

In Tomsk, 64-year-old scientist Alexander Lukanin was detained.

He is suspected of transferring certain technologies to China. This was reported to MBH media by Lukanin’s friend Nikolay Krivopalov.

“As far as we understand, this is something like treason to the Motherland, that he transferred some technologies to the Chinese. When he retired, he went to China to work — he was invited to Shenyang University. In the laboratory, he worked there, dealing with high-voltage power supplies… and all sorts of related topics. In fact, as We understand it, there is nothing in this that relates to defense,” krivopalov said.

Lukanin has now been arrested and is in jail, the SOURCE added. Earlier, the telegram channel Tomskpolit wrote about Lukanin’s detention. It claims that the scientist was detained in the case of disclosure of state secrets, and they plan to transfer him to Moscow

Several new laws and regulations are coming into force in Russia.

  • Marking of perfumes, eau de toilette, cameras, flashlights and flash lamps becomes mandatory.
  • Private firms that provide social services are exempt from VAT.
  • It is easier to obtain Russian citizenship. Now parents of adult capable children who have the citizenship of our country will be able to get a Russian passport in a simplified manner. Previously, this benefit was valid only for disabled parents of Russian citizens.
  • Some coronavirus payments and benefits are being canceled. For example, increased unemployment benefits, automatic extension of subsidies for housing and utilities, and certain child benefits.
  • The non-mandatory procedure for paying benefits for children from 3 to 7 years of age for low-income families is canceled: now you will again have to write an application and provide a package of documents, including proof of family income.
  • From October 1, when purchasing a CTP policy, you will need to show the diagnostic inspection card again or call its number. Those who during the pandemic issued a CTP policy on a preferential basis, without such a card, will have to pass a technical inspection by October 31.
  • Roskomnadzor begins fighting copyright violations in mobile apps. Resource owners (such as Google Play or Apple Store) will be notified about pirated content and apps. If access to this content is not restricted for one day, they will be blocked.
  • Starting from October 1, salaries of employees of budget organizations, as well as salaries of military personnel, will increase by 3%. Payments to military pensioners and those who have left other law enforcement agencies will be increased.
  • The minimum wage is increased by 262 rubles, now it will be 12 thousand 392 rubles

Money disappeared during the restoration of the foreign Ministry building

Law enforcement officers are investigating the misuse of 265 million rubles during the restoration of the spire and facades of the building of the Ministry of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation in Moscow.

In 2015, the state contract for the reconstruction and restoration of the MFA building complex was signed with ATEX. The investigation found that the acts of acceptance of completed works for 2016-2017, unreasonably made the amount of more than 102 million rubles for depreciation of forests

In addition, according to the agreement, ATEX has committed to work on architectural elements at a height of more than 123 meters. However, the transport scaffolding was installed just above 97 meters.

The Russian government has proposed to extend the freeze on funded pensions

The Russian government has submitted a bill to the state Duma, according to which the moratorium on the transfer of contributions to the funded part of the pension will once again be extended for another year – until 2023.

The moratorium, which is also called a “freeze”, has been in effect since 2014 and is extended annually: 6% of the salary of Russians at the expense of the funded part of the pension is sent to the insurance part, without forming pension savings. In this way, the government balances the budget of the Pension Fund – without a “freeze”, this would require a significant increase in the transfer from the Federal budget. Now the “freeze” is valid until 2022.

The head of the Irkutsk government flew to Moscow for the day

Acting Deputy Governor of the Irkutsk region Konstantin Zaitsev visited Moscow on September 2-3. On a one-day visit from the regional budget spent 296 thousand rubles, according to documents published on the website of public procurement. The money was allocated from the regional budget

Peskov said that the CIA worked with Navalny in Berlin.

This is how he commented on the words of state Duma speaker Volodin that the opposition leader who brought charges against Putin is working “with the special services”:

“Probably, not the patient works with Western intelligence services, but Western intelligence services work with him. This will be more correct. Indeed, there is such information. I can even say specifically: CIA specialists are working with him these days. This isn’t the first time he’s been given different instructions. Indeed, there is information that these instructors are working with him these days. Some information was leaked to the Internet both in Germany and here. The instructions that the patient receives are obvious. We have seen such lines of behavior more than once.”

Peskov also reacted to the very accusations against the Russian President.

“We believe that such accusations against the President are baseless, unacceptable, offensive and unacceptable.”

Alexey Navalny will sue Dmitry Peskov

Alexey Navalny announced that he will sue the press Secretary of the President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Peskov because of his words that the opposition leader “works with CIA specialists.”

The state Duma paid for the promotion of news about shameless and scoundrel

The state Duma even paid the popular news aggregator Mediametrics to make this news hang in its top for a longer time. The fact that this ad was paid for by Open media was confirmed by an employee of LiveInternet, which owns the aggregator

Where is the most gold mined?

In the gold mine of Nevada (USA) – 115.8 tons of gold per year! In second place is the Muruntau mine in Uzbekistan with a result of 66 tons per year, and in third place is the Olympiadinskoye field in the Krasnoyarsk territory: 43 tons per year.

How much do people around the world trust scientists

According to a recent Pew Research Center survey, 36% of residents of the countries included in the survey trust scientists. 40% trust partially, and 17% do not trust at all (the rest could not decide on their attitude).

In Russia, the attitude towards scientists is somewhat worse than the world average: only 27% fully trust, 48% partially trust, and 18% do not trust at all.