16 Oct, 2020

News digest for 10/15/2020

A group of scientists from the University of Rochester has experimentally proved the existence of the superconductivity effect at 15 ° C. This is the first time that superconductivity has been recorded at positive and even more or less comfortable ambient temperatures.

The main obstacle to the transfer of room superconductivity to the plane of practice is the need to maintain enormous pressures on the desired material. In the case of the Rochester experiment, the compound was subjected to pressures ranging from 1.4 to 2.8 million atmospheres. The highest temperature at which superconductivity was observed was at a pressure of 2.67 million atmospheres. In other cases, it dropped down to -5 ° C.

Physicists transferred the light stored in a quantum memory device

The team of researchers reported the successful controlled transfer of light stored in quantum memory over a distance exceeding the size of the carrier. Trapped light is usually lost when transported to another location.

However, scientists from the University of Mainz Johannes Gutenberg managed to avoid this by using a special storage device. They used a cloud of ultracold rubidium-87 atoms as a carrier, controlled by the “optical conveyor belt” method.

Revealed the link between memory and hunger hormone

The addiction was discovered by scientists from the University of Southern California, writes MedicalXpress. Scientists severed the link between the hormone ghrelin and the vagus nerve, which is responsible for transmitting signals from the gut to the brain, and then tracked the effect on the subjects’ nutrition and their cognitive behavior. As a result, mice are eating more frequently. The frequency of food intake has increased, but the portion size has decreased. Scientists believed that the increase in the frequency of food intake was a consequence of memory impairment.

The authors of the work hope to use the obtained data in the development of more effective methods of treatment of diseases associated with metabolism. Among them are diabetes, obesity, epilepsy, dementia, Alzheimer’s disease.

Biologists have learned to extract 10 times more information from RNA

Biologists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have been able to develop a technology that can extract ten times more information from RNA cells than previously extracted. The Seq-Well technique is called.

BMW developed principles of artificial intelligence control

The first and probably most important principle is “Human participation and oversight”. This means that the BMW Group monitors decisions made by AI applications and develops ways to reverse algorithmic decisions, if necessary.

The second principle is “Reliability and Security”, which implies the development of robust artificial intelligence applications and adherence to security standards to “reduce the risk of unintended consequences and errors.”

“Privacy and Data Management” is the third principle that ensures the privacy and security of data stored and processed in artificial intelligence applications.

Another important principle was “Transparency” – the BMW Group is committed to “explainable AI applications and open communication”

The fifth principle “Diversity, non-discrimination and fairness” is based on “respect for human dignity”, which means that the company strives to “create fair AI applications” for which specific requirements are developed that applications cannot ignore.

Environmental and Social Wellbeing is another principle that aims to ensure that AI applications contribute to the well-being of customers, employees and partners.

The Accountability Principle dictates that an automaker’s AI applications must operate responsibly. “The BMW Group will identify, assess and mitigate risks in accordance with the principles of good corporate governance,” the company said.

A new method for detecting dark matter is proposed

A new, more “universal” method for searching for dark matter particles was proposed by Daniel Carney and his colleagues from the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). In an article published in the journal Physical Review D, they describe experimental designs that can detect these particles directly – by their gravitational effect on ordinary matter. According to the calculations of scientists, such work will cover the possible range of masses from 1/5000 milligrams to several milligrams.

The first option implies the creation of a detector from a billion microscopic pendulums distributed over a volume of one cubic meter. Another option is to use an array of tiny spheres suspended in a vacuum by a magnetic field or pressure from laser radiation.

LG introduced a baldness helmet

LG Pra.L MediHair uses so-called low-level light therapy to stimulate hair growth. This is done using 146 lasers and 104 LEDs, which stimulate the stem cells responsible for hair growth and also slow down hair loss. In a press release, LG says the helmet is designed to pay attention to the area of ​​the head where hair loss occurs most, namely the crown and front of the head.

The LG Pra.L MediHair also has a sensor that ensures proper wearing by the user. The device itself will be officially announced at the end of the month, and then the price will be announced.

Xi Jinping calls on Chinese Marines to prepare for war

On October 14, the Chinese leader addressed the Marine Corps. He recalled that the military must be absolutely loyal and reliable, and also called on them to maintain a state of high alert.

You should focus your mind and strength on being ready to go to war and be extremely vigilant, RIA Novosti quotes Xi Jinping

The founder of the brand “Dovgan” will be deported to Estonia

The founder of the Dovgan and Red Line brands, Herman Lillevali, detained in the United States, will be deported to Estonia, reports TASS with reference to the official representative of the US Immigration and Customs Control Service in Los Angeles Alex Pons

The share of overdue loans in Russia reaches record levels

The number of loans from banks and microfinance organizations overdue for more than 90 days has been growing by 80-500 thousand monthly over the past nine months. According to the latest data, they reached their maximum value for the entire observation period – 12.6 million units, which is 12.5% ​​more than last year. RIA Novosti reports with reference to the study of the Equifax credit bureau

Gazprom places perpetual Eurobonds

Gazprom has set the volume of placement of perpetual Eurobonds denominated in euros in the amount of 1 billion euros, a source in financial circles told RIA Novosti. According to him, the yield on the issue will be 3.9% per annum. The demand for securities exceeded 2.3 billion euros.

Initially, the issuer guided investors to yield on securities in the range of 4.375-4.5% per annum, but lowered the benchmark during the collection of applications to 4-4.125% per annum. At the same time, the company is collecting bids for perpetual Eurobonds in dollars. The organizers are Gazprombank, J.P. Morgan, Credit Agricole CIB and Sberbank CIB.

Cost of construction of the Dzhubga-Sochi highway

The cost of building a new high-speed toll road Dzhubga-Sochi, provided for by the Southern Cluster project, is estimated at 2.4 trillion rubles. The project is planned to be divided into stages and, first of all, to build bypasses of Sochi, Tuapse and Lazarevskoye on the busiest sections. The head of the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation Yevgeny Dietrich told reporters about this. The volume of investments in the construction of railway facilities of the cluster is about 700 billion rubles

The Ministry of Finance has prepared amendments on a flat tax for owners of foreign companies

Kommersant has at its disposal the amendments proposed by the Russian Ministry of Finance to the government, describing the details of the new tax regime for the owners of controlled foreign companies (CFCs).

Earlier it was reported that this would be a fixed tax of 5 million rubles, while the amendments deal with the amount of the CFC’s profit, from which this payment will be calculated – 38.5 million rubles. in 2020 and 34 million rubles – in 2021. This means that the Ministry of Finance in its calculations has already used the not yet introduced personal income tax rate of 15% for large incomes. Apparently, it is supposed to push for the transition to the new regime due to the complication of using the old one – due to the increase and introduction of new large fines for failure to submit documents on CFC.

Ozon sold its warehouses in Tver

The buyer was the development company Central Properties. At the same time, Ozon will continue to lease these premises until at least 2030. The area of ​​the logistics complex, located in the Borovlevo industrial zone in Tver, is about 70 thousand square meters.

The European Union imposed sanctions against the director of the FSB of Russia

The European Union (EU) has imposed sanctions against six Russians, including FSB director Alexander Bortnikov, and one research institute over the situation with Alexei Navalny. This is stated in the EU Council regulation.

The European Union indicated that Navalny was systematically harassed and repressed by state and judicial authorities because of his political position. In particular, the oppositionist was followed during his trip to Siberia in August this year.

President of Kyrgyzstan Jeenbekov resigns

Kyrgyz President Sooronbai Jeenbekov said the appointment of a new government has not eased tensions in society, and protesters are still demanding his resignation. According to him, a conflict is brewing in Kyrgyzstan between protesters and law enforcement agencies, which will be obliged to use weapons to protect state residences, in which case people will inevitably die.

I’m not holding on to power. I do not want to remain in the history of Kyrgyzstan as a president who shed blood and shot at his own citizens. No power is worth the integrity of our country and harmony in society – Sooronbai Jeenbekov

Kanat Isaev to become Acting President of Kyrgyzstan

The chairman of the Kyrgyz parliament, Kanat Isaev, will become acting president until the new elections. Such a norm is spelled out in the Constitution of the country. Isaev was elected speaker of parliament on October 13

Protesters in Bishkek put forward new demands after Jeenbekov’s resignation

Supporters of Kyrgyz Prime Minister Sadyr Japarov rallying at the Issyk-Kul Hotel in Bishkek put forward a new demand after the news of the resignation of President Sooronbai Jeenbekov. Now the parliament of the republic must resign

Russia suspends financial aid to Kyrgyzstan

Russia is suspending the provision of any financial support to the Kyrgyz Republic until the political situation in the country stabilizes and the functioning of the authorities is restored, a source in the Ministry of Finance told RBC and a federal official confirmed.

In Germany, workers refused to service Lukashenka’s plane

The union of Lufthansa Technik employees refused to service the plane of Alexander Lukashenko and demanded the same from the company’s management, Nasha Niva reports. As the newspaper notes, after the Boeing 737 with registration number EW-001PA landed at Fuhlsbuettel airport, the union issued a statement that the plane belongs to “the very same Lukashenka who gave the order to shoot at demonstrators in Belarus”.

“We, activists of Lufthansa Technik, do not forget the long-standing tradition of international solidarity and stand shoulder to shoulder with Belarusian workers,” the company’s trade union leaflet says.

Cyprus Parliament Speaker resigns after golden passport scandal

Cypriot Parliament Speaker Dimitris Sullirus announced his resignation after the gold passport scandal, Reuters reports. Silluris noted that his decisions were based on the firm belief that he had not done anything legally illegal.

Foreign Ministry of Belarus handed a note to the Ukrainian ambassador because of Zelensky’s decree

The Belarusian Foreign Ministry handed a note to Ambassador of Ukraine Igor Kizim. In the document, the Belarusian Foreign Ministry notes that the republic was concerned about the decree of the Ukrainian leader Vladimir Zelensky on attracting highly qualified specialists from Belarus.

Norwegian Foreign Ministry accused Russia of cyberattacks on the country’s parliament

The Norwegian Foreign Ministry accused Russia of cyberattacks on the country’s parliament. This was announced by the Norwegian Foreign Ministry with reference to the head of the department, Ine Eriksen Sereide. It is noted that the cyber attack on the country’s parliament was carried out on August 24, 2020. On that day, the e-mail boxes of a number of politicians were hacked, RIA Novosti reports.

Trump criticized Facebook and Twitter

US President Donald Trump outraged that Facebook and Twitter restricted access to the New York Post publication about Hunter Biden, the son of presidential candidate Joe Biden. Facebook said the material needs to be verified.

Earlier, the New York Post released material based on emails that were allegedly written to Hunter Biden by Vadim Pozharsky, advisor to the management of the Ukrainian energy company Burisma. In one of them, Mr. Pozharsky thanks for meeting with Joe Biden, in another he asks to think about how to use influence for the good of the company.

The number of supporters of Scottish independence is growing

The number of supporters of Scottish independence has reached a record level: 58% of the inhabitants of the autonomous region are in favor of its secession from the UK. Six years after the popular vote on this issue, the number of supporters of independence has increased by almost 15%.

Prigogine was blacklisted by the EU

Russian businessman Yevgeny Prigozhin was included in the updated EU blacklist for Libya for violating the sanctions regime against this country. Interfax reports this with reference to the published decision of the EU Council.

The third worker of “Belaruskali” chained himself in the mine in protest

The strike committee of “Belaruskali” reported that the employee of the enterprise Alexander Kurban after the night shift chained himself inside the mine, refusing to go to the surface.

Today, after a night shift, having chained himself to metal structures at the place where workers were landing in a cage near shaft No. 2 on the horizon of 440 m, master explosives master Kurban Alexander Ivanovich refused to go to the surface, – said Belaruskali in his Telegram channel