19 Oct, 2020

News digest for 10/17-18/2020

Russian President Vladimir Putin signed three laws to increase the tax burden on business. The mineral extraction tax (MET) for fertilizer producers and metallurgists is increased by 3.5 times. This measure, according to the Ministry of Finance, will bring 56 billion rubles to the budget. next year.

For oil companies, the income-added tax formula is being changed, the mineral extraction tax and export duty exemptions for super-viscous oil are canceled, as well as for oil from depleted fields (resource production is over 80%). This, according to the Cabinet of Ministers, will bring 218 billion rubles. additional money to the budget.

For individual entrepreneurs, the tariffs for 2022 and 2023 for compulsory pension insurance (OPS) and compulsory health insurance (OMS) are being increased.

Zelensky visits Turkey to negotiate arms supplies

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky flew to Ankara to negotiate with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on the supply of weapons to Ukraine. On the eve of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine agreed on Ukrainian-Turkish cooperation in the military sphere in 21 directions.

Turkey did not and does not recognize the illegal annexation of Crimea

Erdogan, at a meeting with Zelensky, demonstratively states that Turkey does not recognize the reunification of Crimea with Russia.

Turkey has not recognized and does not recognize the illegal annexation of Crimea … Turkey views Ukraine as a key country in terms of ensuring the stability and security of our region. Therefore, we have always supported and will continue to support the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Ukraine, ” Erdogan said following talks with Zelensky in Istanbul.

In a suburb of Paris, a man cut off the head of a history teacher.

An 18-year-old Chechen living in Moscow beheaded a history teacher in France. After the murder, he posted a photo on Twitter. The attacker was shot. The reason was that the history teacher showed the students cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad. Previously, the attack on people was carried out near the former office of Charlie Hebdo

The French president said the teachers were killed for teaching children freedom of speech and called the murder an Islamist terrorist attack. On Twitter, he tweeted: “They won’t pass.”

Nine people arrested in the case of the murder of a teacher in France

French law enforcement first detained the killer’s parents, grandfather and 17-year-old brother. It is also reported that the attacker was not a radical Islamist. As well as his relatives. It is clarified that the terrorist’s relatives were detained in the city of Evreux (department of Ayr), then the police conducted searches.

After that, five more people were detained: the father of one of the students, who was broadcasting video on social networks and complained about the teacher’s attitude, a friend of this man and three other people.

Kadyrov reacted to events in France

Kadyrov reacted to the high-profile events in France, condemning the terrorist attack and expressing condolences to the relatives of the deceased. At the same time, he noted that this is not the first time that people in France are trying to blame the problems on the Chechens:

“I dare to assure everyone – the Chechens have nothing to do with it … Looking ahead, so that the French investigators do not add color to the version of the“ Chechen trace ”, I would like to emphasize that Anzorov visited the Chechen Republic only once in his life at the age of 2”.

US welcomes EU decision to impose sanctions on Russia

The US welcomes the EU’s decision to impose sanctions on Russian officials, who, according to Brussels, are associated with the poisoning of the founder of the Anti-Corruption Fund, opposition leader Alexei Navalny.

“The perpetrators of this attack must be held accountable,” says Morgan Ortegus, spokesman for the US State Department.

On October 15, the European Union imposed sanctions against six individuals, including FSB Director Alexander Bortnikov and First Deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Administration Sergei Kiriyenko, as well as the Scientific Research Institute of Organic Chemistry and Technology in connection with Navalny’s poisoning. In particular, they are prohibited from entering the EU countries and transit through them, and their assets in the European Union will be frozen.

Student and women’s protest actions were held in Minsk

On October 17, Minsk hosted two protests – the Youth March, in which students took part, and the women’s march, Tut.by reports. About 150 people took part in the student march, according to Nasha Niva. At about noon, the protesters began to move towards the center of Minsk. They began to be detained near the Ploschad Pobedy metro station. According to the Viasna human rights center, a total of 30 people were detained. Among them were journalists: photographer Vadim Zamirovsky, correspondent of Tut.by and BelaPAN Vsevolod Zarubin, correspondent of Onliner Daria Spevak. The Minsk police told Tut.by that the journalists were taken to the police department to check their documents.

A women’s march was also held in Minsk. There were no detentions there, Belsat reports. Later, a second women’s action called “Women’s demarche” began in the city center. Its participants walked along Independence Avenue with flowers in their hands, not gathering in large groups, writes “Nasha Niva”.

Traditional protest processions took place in Khabarovsk

There were many more people this time. We will remind earlier the authorities of Khabarovsk harshly dispersed the rally. The protesters demanded an end to the arrests of the protesters.

The State Duma of Russia will forbid the judge of the Constitutional Court to publish dissenting opinions.

The judges of the Constitutional Court will be deprived of one of the few remaining guarantees of their independence. The State Duma will forbid them to publish dissenting opinions or even simply refer to them. “This is a restriction on freedom of thought and speech, which cannot be justified by protecting any values,” HSE professor Ilya Shablinsky told Open Media.

Another change: from the text of the draft law, the clause that the chairman of the Constitutional Court and his deputy can be appointed only from among the judges of the Constitutional Court has disappeared. This means that now the candidate for the post of Valery Zorkin will only need to pass the qualification exam for the position of a judge. Various officials were expected to replace the chairman of the Constitutional Court, including former President Dmitry Medvedev

Homo sapiens were not the only members of the human race.

In addition to them, there were also H. habilis, H. ergaster, H. erectus, H. heidelbergensis, H. neanderthalensis. The reason for the extinction of these species was set by an international group of scientists from Italy. According to research, despite advances in firefighting and making primitive tools, no parallel species has survived climate change.

Italian scientists were able to combine a 5-million-year paleoclimatic model and a database of 2,800 fossils into one whole. Thus, three human species – H. erectus, H. heidelbergensis and H. neanderthalensis – lost a significant part of their climatic niche just before extinction. This coincided with a dramatic climate change.

Installation for obtaining water from dry desert air

South Korean scientists have presented a prototype installation that produces water from air. Information about this appeared in the Joule magazine. It should be noted that the development concept was created 3 years ago on the basis of the University of Massachusetts.

For the basis, data on fluctuations in day and night temperatures were used. So, at night, the device collects moisture on the surface of a special material. In the daytime, under the heating of the sun, the vapors left the adsorbent and after condensation, water remained on the shadow side of the plate. As an adsorbent, the scientists used a cheap zeolite – a microporous aluminophosphate of iron. The productivity of the device is 0.8 liters of water per square meter per day.

Scientists have simulated the work of the heart at the level of atoms

Using the methods of nuclear magnetic resonance and modeling, specialists from the United States were able to find out the interaction of proteins that control heart contractions at the atomic level. Leiomodin attaches to the end of the actin filament, pushing out the tropomodullin while maintaining the correct filament length. This discovery will allow scientists to better diagnose cardiovascular disease. This also applies to genetic diseases, with which the situation is much more complicated.

Physicists were able to measure the shortest amount of time

German physicists at the Goethe University in Frankfurt were fortunate enough to measure the shortest period of time; they were able to calculate exactly how long it takes for a photon to cross a hydrogen molecule. It was found that this takes only 247 zeptoseconds.

The neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine affect our worldview

American scientists in the course of a unique study of the work of the human brain stated that dopamine and serotonin have a global effect on its functioning, in particular, in the process of learning about the environment.

It has been established that thanks to these two substances, a person perceives the world and performs the necessary actions for this process. So, the speed of work of dopamine and serotonin is measured in subseconds.

Biochip for studying brain functions created in Belarus

The principle of the research, according to the scientific secretary of the Academic Institute of Physiology Margarita Dosin, cited by BelTA, is that specialists simulate “various types of pathologies, trying to find adequate solutions.” It was as a result of scientific research, she specified, that a micro-device was born that can be used “to study neural networks, brain functions and even create new approaches to treatment and restoration of its structures.”

The USA has developed a technology to improve the efficiency of lithium-ion batteries

Scientists at Stanford University in the United States have learned how to optimally distribute the electric current between the electrodes by replacing the copper conductor with a layer of light polymer with the addition of a flame retardant and thin metal.

The new technology will increase the travel distance of electric vehicles on a single charge and reduce the likelihood of mobile devices catching fire. The engineers noted that the popular fast charging features save time but increase the risk of a smartphone explosion. The new technology will improve the safety of gadgets. American experts reported on the work done in Nature Energy.

Rain can really move mountains

Scientists at the University of Bristol have found out how rain can affect the mountain landscape in a study published October 16 in the journal Science Advances.

Dr. Byron Adams of the Cabot University Environmental Institute, along with colleagues at Arizona State University and Louisiana State University, used a space clock inside grains of sand to measure the rate at which rivers erode the rocks below them. The study was conducted in the central and eastern Himalayas of Bhutan and Nepal.

The era of Soyuz spacecraft is gone for NASA

To deliver astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS), NASA will not use Soyuz MS-17, but its own Crew Dragon and CST-100 Starliner spacecraft. Americans do not want to pay for the delivery of astronauts into orbit, according to SpaceNews

NASA signs a contract to deliver an ice finder to the moon

The US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has signed a contract with Intuitive Machines of Houston to deliver an ice finder to the moon. This is reported by the press service of NASA

Why are there no such huge craters on the far side of the moon?

There are two explanations. Some scientists believe that the crust on the visible side of the Moon is thinner (due to the gravitational effect of the Earth), therefore, there were ejections of molten matter during asteroid impacts, and there were no such emissions on the back side. According to another version, the lunar seas were the result of a few collisions with asteroids, after which the Moon turned towards the Earth and fixed itself in the observed position.

Google voice assistant learned to find songs by whistling

The voice assistant Google Assistant was “trained” to find songs by “purring” and whistling, according to the radio station “Moscow Says”. It is noted that the system can already determine the desired song by “humming” the motive, even if it is performed in Russian.

The first horror movie for cats

The film will tell the story of a cat that was accidentally locked in a haunted house. She walks from one room to another, and ends up meeting a cucumber. The creators of the tape said that they chose the antagonist from numerous videos on the Internet. Judging by them, cucumbers really terrify cats.

The development and filming of the tape was carried out by representatives of the adam & eveDDB agency. The picture will contain special sound signals that attract the attention of cats. Specialists from Waltham Petcare Research Institute took part in the recording of the tracks. They also tested the short film and found that it really was able to attract the attention of animals.

A literary tour of the homes of famous poets will take place in the North Caucasus

Fans of national poetry from Karachay-Cherkessia will take part in a literary tour of the homes of famous poets of the North Caucasus as part of the “Honor your elders” project, project manager Karina Dzhazaeva told TASS. According to him, the implementation of the project will begin in the spring of 2021 and will take place in three stages.

At the first stage, the organizers will hold in the city of Karachaevsk the Festival of National Poetry of the peoples of the North Caucasus Federal District with the participation of at least 100 people from 14 to 30 years old. As part of the festival, a poetry reading competition will be held, where 30 best participants will be selected. At the second stage, excursions along mountain gorges to the museums-houses of mountain poets of Karachay-Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria and Dagestan will take place, the third stage will be shooting 60 videos with poems of the poets of the North Caucasus

Trump pledged to build the world from a position of strength

Since the creation of new weapons, the United States has become the most powerful power and intends to build the world from a position of strength, US President Donald Trump said during a speech to supporters in Wisconsin.

We have the most powerful [military] forces right now. There is no one who has something close to the weapons that we have. And we hope we never have to use it, but we will establish peace from a position of strength, ”said Trump, whose speech was broadcast on FoxNews.

China threatened to detain US citizens

Chinese government officials have warned their American counterparts they could detain United States citizens in China in response to the US Justice Department’s prosecution of Chinese military-related researchers, The Wall Street Journal said, citing sources.

According to the newspaper, Beijing demands an end to the prosecution of Chinese citizens, otherwise “it may turn out that the Americans in China are violating Chinese laws.”

Germany to submit report on Navalny to all OPCW member countries

Germany decided to transfer a technical report on the results of the survey of the founder of the FBK Alexei Navalny, prepared by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which includes Russia, to all OPCW member states, the British Permanent Mission to the OPCW said on its Twitter page

German Foreign Minister canceled visit to Turkey

German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas canceled a visit to Turkey because of its actions in the Eastern Mediterranean. He announced this in an interview with Redaktionsnetzwerk Deutschland (RND). Maas stressed that he decided to abandon the trip due to the sending by Turkey of the research vessel Oruc Reis for seismic exploration in the area of ​​the Greek sea shelf.

US Navy develops information network to fight China

The US Navy is creating a comprehensive information and communication network, which, as the developers suggest, will allow fighting opponents, including China, writes Defense News

US Navy Chief of Naval Operations, Admiral Michael Gilday, has assigned Rear Admiral Douglas Small to lead a program that will develop the appropriate networks, infrastructure, data architecture, tools and analytics. It is planned that all of this will support an operating environment that will ensure the sustainable dominance of the American fleet in the oceanic and naval theaters of war.

The program was named Project Superiority, and, according to Gilday, it has the highest priority after the promising Columbia-class nuclear submarine, which, in fact, is the task of recapitalizing US naval strategic forces.

Every fifth Russian has an overdue debt on loans, taxes and utilities

Research by VTsIOM showed that every fifth Russian has overdue debts on loans, housing and communal services, taxes or to individuals. So, for example, 10% of citizens have debt in the range from 50 thousand to 500 thousand rubles, less than 50 thousand – from 8%, and more than 500 thousand – from 2% of Russians. Most, and this is about 83%, of debtors calmly treat delays of up to 50 thousand rubles, believing that if necessary, they can repay it within a year. Only 39% will be able to pay off a debt of up to 500 thousand rubles.

Belarus announced that it has fully paid off with Russia for gas

The Ministry of Energy of Belarus said that it had fully paid off with Gazprom for the gas supplied to the country from January to September this year. This was reported by the press secretary of the department Olga Kozlovich.

Bashneft sells filling stations

Bashneft Retail put up for sale 187 filling stations in Bashkiria and the Orenburg region. The total starting price of the lots is 28.8 billion rubles. The tender was posted on the federal electronic platform TEK-Torg.

Currently, Bashneft retail unites 544 of its own filling stations in 15 regions, about 300 of them are located in Bashkiria.

Russia has cut investments in US government securities

Russia in August reduced the volume of investments in US government securities from $ 5.87 billion (in July) to $ 5.85 billion. This follows from the documents published by the US Treasury Department on Friday. Long-term bonds accounted for $ 2.6 billion instead of $ 3.17 billion a month earlier.

Updated rules for receiving pensions came into force in Russia

In accordance with the order of the Ministry of Labor, new rules for receiving pensions came into force in Russia on October 18. According to the amendments that have come into force, if a pensioner decides to change the bank through which he receives his pension, then he will be able to keep the previous date of accrual of money.

Problems with Internet access are noted in Minsk amid rallies

In the capital of Belarus, serious disruptions in the work of the mobile Internet are again noted – users have problems accessing social networks, instant messengers and ordinary sites. RIA Novosti agency reports that interruptions were noted in the work of two operators – A1 and MTS.

Demonstrators in Thailand hold fifth anti-government action

Anti-government demonstrators announced Sunday they are holding their fifth consecutive protest in Bangkok, despite the current ban on gatherings of more than five people. This was reported by one of the organizers – the “Free Youth” association.

On Saturday, a similar initiative led to the closure of all metro stations, which did not prevent protesters from gathering in three main venues for the event. The police, who did not intervene on Saturday, estimated that 8,000 protesters were in Ladprao and Wongvieniai districts, 6,000 in Udomsuk and about a thousand in Ramkamhung University.

The government allocated funds for pensions to Russians dismissed from military service

The Russian government allowed the allocation of funds from the reserve fund of the Cabinet of Ministers, reassigned for the payment of pensions, compensations and benefits to citizens dismissed from military and equivalent service.

As noted, the adoption of the draft order will ensure the timely payment in 2020 of pensions, benefits and compensations to Russians who worked in the internal affairs bodies, the State Fire Service, the bodies for control over the circulation of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, institutions and bodies of the penal system, the troops National Guard of the Russian Federation and not only.