24 Oct, 2020

News digest for 10/23/2020

Dr. Daniel De Carvalho and colleagues at the Princess Margaret Cancer Center in Toronto have identified ancient silent DNA elements hidden in our genome that, when reactivated, could trigger an immune response to cancer. The research results are published in the journal Nature.

Over millions of years of evolution, humans have acquired a number of such “quiet” repeating elements of DNA, but it was unclear why and what purpose they serve, de Carvalho’s words are quoted in a press release from the center. “As genomic archaeologists, we decided to determine the function of these relics of DNA, and found that under certain conditions they can be reactivated and stimulated our immune system.

Scientists from the USA deciphered the ancient Egyptian papyrus

Scientists at the University of Chicago reported that the fragment depicted on the papyrus refers to the “First Book of Breath” – a story of that time, telling about the afterlife of dead people and the joining of their souls to the Gods. The scientists’ statement was posted in the Journal of Near Eastern Studies

The publication of the specialists is talking about text material under the number FMNH31324, which has been in the Field Museum of Natural History of Chicago for over 126 years. The ancient artifact was donated to the House of Culture by the collector Edward E. Ayer, who acquired it in Europe.

Turkey announced the arrest of Russian spies

According to Daily Sabah, the Turkish special services have detained a top manager and five more employees of Bosphorus Gaz. It is a major buyer of Russian gas and until 2018 was owned by Gazprom.

Russia has increased the export of meat

For 9 months of this year, Russia exported meat and offal for $ 610 million, which is 79% more than in the same period last year. This is reported by the Ministry of Agriculture with reference to the head of the department Dmitry Patrushev.

The five main buyers of Russian meat include China, which imported products worth $ 235 million in 2020, which is 3.9 times more than in 2019. Vietnam is in second place, having increased its purchases by 3.8 times, to $ 92 million. The third place is taken by Ukraine, which purchased Russian meat for $ 80 million (by 14%). Exports to Hong Kong grew 2.1 times, to $ 47 million, to Kazakhstan – by 48%, to $ 35 million.

Japan has created the most fire-resistant organic plastic

Organic plastics made from biomass have a major disadvantage – low thermal resistance. But Japanese researchers have succeeded in obtaining aromatic polymers from cellulosic biomass, an innovative feature of which is a high level of fire resistance. A bioplastic that can withstand high temperatures was jointly developed by Japanese researchers from JAIST and U-Tokyo universities.

Recruitment of participants in the lunar exploration project started in Japan

The Japanese government has begun recruiting astronauts for America’s Artemis lunar exploration project, Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Koichi Hagiuda said. According to him, it is very important that Japanese researchers also take part in the project.

Xi Jinping urged to accelerate the modernization of the Chinese army

Chinese leader Xi Jinping called for the modernization of the country’s army and turning it into a world-class advanced military force. He made such a statement at a ceremonial meeting on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of the entry of the Chinese People’s Volunteers into the Korean War.

Biologists managed to breed endangered fish in captivity

Biologists from Japan have worked for over 50 years to find an effective way to breed eels in captivity. In the end, we managed to do it. The species of fish is endangered, which is why so much time has been devoted to it. It is assumed that the data obtained will allow the development of a unique technology that will quickly and successfully save endangered fish species.

Poland will pay American companies to build a nuclear power plant

The United States and Poland signed an intergovernmental agreement on cooperation to develop the Polish nuclear power program. Reuters sources say Warsaw will pay US companies $ 18 billion for construction services and nuclear technology.

Movie trailer released The Prom

The actors decided to help the schoolgirl at all costs and go to the American outback. The main roles in the film were played by Meryl Streep, Nicole Kidman, Ariana Grande, James Corden, Aquafina, Keegan-Michael Key and other actors. The musical is set to premiere on December 11 on Netflix.

A new way to increase the yield of tomatoes

Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania decided to use epigenetics for the first time to increase tomato yields. During the experiment, scientists tested how the vital activity and productivity of tomatoes will change after transplanting the root from one tomato to another. It turned out that the tomato yield increased by 35%. Descendants also inherited this quality, and weather resistance did not suffer.

In ancient times, large-scale ice loss was already observed in Antarctica

An international study conducted by climatologists at Monash University has shown that large-scale ice loss in Antarctica has already occurred and will continue. The study was published in the journal Geology

The ice loss unfolding in Antarctica today is likely to continue for a long time – even if climate change is brought under control, noted the study’s lead authors Dr Richard Jones and Dr Ross Whitmore of Monash University’s School of Earth, Atmosphere and Environment.

Sweden plans to create its own spaceport

The Swedish government plans to invest 90 million kroons in the modernization of the Esrange Space Center. The investment program is designed for three years. It is assumed that the launches of small satellites from the Esrange Space Center will begin in 2022.

The Esrange Space Center was established in 1966. Currently, the launch pads of the center are used mainly for launching sounding rockets and high-altitude balloons.

Supercomputers have discovered the first fossils of a star

As part of the study of computational physics, faint supernovae of metal-free first stars were simulated for the first time, which made it possible to reveal the patterns of carbon abundance for star formation.

It is believed that they formed about 100 million years after the Big Bang from the universal darkness from the primary gases of hydrogen, helium and light metals. These gases cooled, collapsed, and ignited to form stars a thousand times more massive than our Sun. The larger the star, the faster they burn out. The first stars probably lived for only a few million years, which is very small compared to the age of the Universe, which is about 13.8 billion years. They’re unlikely to ever be seen, lost in the haze of time

Lenovo Legion Slim 7 comes with AMD Ryzen 9 4900H processor

The laptop is made on the AMD hardware platform. The maximum configuration is a Ryzen 9 4900H processor with eight cores (up to 16 instruction streams) running at 3.3 GHz with dynamic boost up to 4.4 GHz. The novelty is endowed with a 15.6-inch display, the resolution of which in the most expensive versions is 3840 × 2160 pixels (4K format). The discrete accelerator NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2060 is busy with graphics processing. The operating system Windows 10 is installed on the laptop

Acer unveils premium laptop with Porsche Design

Porsche Design and Acer have unveiled a new laptop model that boasts sophisticated design, advanced technical solutions and high performance. The device was named Porsche Design Acer Book RS.

The laptop itself will cost $ 1400, and the premium kit, which includes in addition to the computer a set of Porsche Design Acer Travelpack RS accessories and a Porsche Design Acer Mouse RS, will cost $ 2000. Information on the availability of the device has not yet been announced

Krypton 550 Perforated Mouse Expands Genesis Catalog

Genesis has joined the manufacturer of perforated mice. Its catalog was supplemented by the corresponding model Krypton 550. On the one hand, numerous holes allow for a lighter device and make the backlight more visible.

Chili Pepper Spice Tester

In order to understand exactly whether it is safe to add chili to food, scientists have created a portable pungency meter. It is made on a paper basis, and the device itself contains graphene nanoplates, doped with nitrogen atoms for better electrical conductivity. When a drop of diluted capsaicin is added to the sensor, the compound is oxidized and reduced. Therefore, an electric current is obtained, which detects the device.

Two ad blockers for Google Chrome collected user data

Google has removed two ad-blocking Chrome extensions from the official Chrome Web Store. The reason was the illegal collection of user data

The add-ons were posted under the names Nano Adblocker and Nano Defender, and were installed by 50,000 and 200,000 users, respectively. Interestingly, both extensions have existed for over a year, but there was no malicious code in the first versions.

The trailer for the western was released News of the world

UK and Japan Sign Free Trade Agreement

British Foreign Trade Secretary Liz Truss and Japanese Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi signed a free trade agreement between the countries, Kyodo reported. An agreement on this was reached in September 2020.

Chinese Foreign Ministry demands to withdraw immigration program for Hong Kong residents

The Chinese side protested against the UK’s decision to launch a special immigration program for Hong Kong residents. London should “immediately correct its mistake,” the Chinese Foreign Ministry’s Commissariat for the Special Administrative Region said in a statement released Friday.

Trump takes responsibility for the situation with the coronavirus in the country

US President Donald Trump said at the election debate that he was taking full responsibility for the situation with the spread of coronavirus in the country, but he blamed China for its appearance.

Biden intends to grant citizenship to illegal immigrants

If he wins the election, Democratic presidential candidate Joseph Biden will take steps to solve the problem of illegal immigrants in the United States.

In the first 100 days of my stay in the White House, I will send proposals to Congress aimed at charting a path for acquiring citizenship of 11 million illegal immigrants in the country, – he said on Thursday in a televised debate with US President Donald Trump in Nashville, Tennessee. ). He also promised that underage illegal immigrants will be able to stay in the country, and the path to obtaining citizenship will be open for them.

Turkey starts new exercises and threatens war

Turkey has launched new military maneuvers in the Eastern Mediterranean and has warned of a possible war if Greece expands its maritime borders, Al-Jazeera reports. Turkish military maneuvers began on October 22 with the participation of several warships and will last for two weeks.

The authorities of American cities sue the Trump administration

The authorities of New York, Portland and Seattle have filed a lawsuit against the administration of US President Donald Trump in the federal district court of Washington, CNN reports.

According to the head of the New York City Department of Justice, Jim Johnson, the city authorities went to court because Trump began to use the term “anarchy” in applications for the distribution of government subsidies. The lawsuit alleges that the actions of the country’s leadership are contrary to the powers of Congress and the state authorities, and also threaten to receive federal funds.

The State Duma of Russia approved the extension of the freeze of the funded pension

The bill extending the moratorium on the formation of the funded part of the pension for another year was approved by the State Duma in the first reading. The project provides that the moratorium will be in effect until the end of 2023. The measure, originally introduced as a temporary measure, has been in effect since 2014

Ministry of Energy expects recovery of oil production

This year, oil production is expected to decrease by about 10% to the level of 507 million tons, while the plan is 558-562 million tons initially, in 2021-2023, depending on the situation to restore demand, production is planned from 518-560 million tons, that is, recovery to before the pandemic, Novak said.

At the expense of the National Wealth Fund

The share of the Russian Federation in the authorized capital of Aeroflot airline increased from 51.17% to 57.34%. This was announced on October 23 by the press service of the Russian Ministry of Finance.

The Ministry of Finance said that as part of the additional issue of ordinary shares of Aeroflot, more than 151 million shares were additionally purchased at the expense of the National Wealth Fund. The cost of one share was 60 rubles.

Russians received less wages

Experts of the University of Economics. Plekhanov, they found out that during the pandemic, Russians lost about 1.3 trillion rubles due to gray wages. This was reported by the Izvestia newspaper. This mainly applies to workers in the trade, real estate and restaurant business – all those areas that have been hit hardest by the restrictions introduced in the spring.

Russians are switching to cash payments

In total, over the past year, 2.6 trillion rubles in cash have been added in Russia, which is 25 percent of the total money supply. This is against the background of the fact that the profitability of deposits is falling, and the ruble itself is losing value relative to the currency. The Association of Russian Banks (ADB) expects that the profitability of individual deposits may go into a negative zone. It was also noted that Russians have recently exchanged 80 percent of the withdrawn funds for currency.

Volume issued to Russians

As of September 1 of this year, the volume of lending to the population increased by about 12% and reached 19.06 trillion rubles against last year’s 16.8 trillion. According to the data presented on the Central Bank’s website, loans to individuals have been actively increasing since July, exceeding 300 billion rubles a month.

Rostelecom acquires Synterra Media

Telecom holding Rostelecom acquires Synterra Media for 1.5 billion rubles, the press service of Rostelecom reported

Synterra is engaged in professional ground delivery of video content, organizing broadcasts from major sports and cultural events, and also acts as a technological partner for a large number of large TV companies.

The state will sell the personal data of Russians to large companies

According to Kommersant, the Big Data Association (ADB) has asked to facilitate access to GIS, information resources and registers, as well as to open a portal of public services for integration with companies’ own ecosystems.

The organization, which includes Yandex, Mail.Ru Group, Sberbank, Gazprombank, Tinkoff-Bank, Qiwi, MTS, MegaFon, VimpelCom, Rostelecom and oneFactor, offered to pay big money for access to data about citizens, which the state accumulates. The Ministry of Digital Development supported the idea

Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus reports on detection of Telegram channel admin

The Ministry of Internal Affairs of Belarus reported on the discovery of the administrator of the Telegram channel, who published the personal data of the security forces. The official representative of the department Olga Chemodanova said that the resource was administered by a 15-year-old teenager who took data “from other similar publics” and spent the money received from subscribers “on food and entertainment.”

The Ministry of Internal Affairs also published a video of the interrogation of a 15-year-old resident of the Gomel city of Dobrush, in which the teenager apologizes to the security forces, information about which he published in the channel “Data of the punitive forces of Belarus”. The Ministry of Internal Affairs intends to withdraw the money collected from subscribers and send it “to the state’s income.”

An oil slick discovered in the water area of ​​Nakhodka in Primorye

An oil slick with an area of ​​almost 35 thousand square meters was found in the water area of ​​Nakhodka in Primorye. Rosprirodnadzor reported this on Instagram. Local residents reported about the pollution of the water area to the department.

“The information was confirmed: an unmanned aerial vehicle recorded a spot with an area of ​​34,775 square meters. Water samples were taken for analysis. The contamination is believed to have spread from the pier of OOO Transbunker Primorye. The exact source of the leak is established. Work is underway to localize pollution. An unscheduled check will be carried out with respect to LLC Transbunker Primorye, “the message says.

Main third-party contractor of the Moscow city authorities

Businessman Arkady Rotenberg became the main third-party contractor of the Moscow authorities during the 10 years that Sergei Sobyanin has been heading the city. Rotenberg’s company Mostotrest from 2010 to 2020 received contracts worth 441.5 billion rubles. Basically, they are associated with road construction: for example, Mostotrest reconstructed the junction of the Moscow Ring Road and Leningradsky Prospekt, and also built a part of the North-West and North-East Expressways. In addition, Rotenberg’s company received a contract for the construction of part of the Sokolnicheskaya metro line.

Putin fired from FSB the curator of the service for the protection of the constitutional order

Vladimir Putin fired the first deputy head of the FSB, Sergei Smirnov, who was in charge of the Second Service of the FSB – it was she, according to Western intelligence services, who was behind the poisoning of Alexei Navalny. Two interlocutors close to the leadership of the special service told Open Media about the resignation. Earlier this was reported by the Telegram channel “VChK-OGPU”. There have been no official announcements yet.

The resignation is explained by Smirnov’s advanced age: on October 12, he turned 70 years old. This is the age limit for military service. But, as OM’s interlocutor notes, claims against the FSB general arose after Kirill Cherkalin, head of the “banking” department supervised by Smirnov, was arrested for bribes, and billions of rubles were found at his home.

The State Duma returned to plans to start repairing parliament

“We waited 30 years – we will still wait”: so in April 2020, the State Duma commented on the decision to postpone their repairs “until better times.” But six months later, preparations for the renovation started: Open Media discovered a contract for the preparation of the House of Unions next door for the deputies to move there.

It is planned to spend 2 billion rubles for the renovation of the building of the lower chamber. In April, a spokeswoman for Volodin said that the money would be forwarded to more important purposes in connection with the pandemic. Why they changed their minds on Okhotny Ryad, the deputies could not explain to the OM: according to them, this topic was not discussed. But the House of Unions must be ready for the entry of legislators even before the New Year.