17 Nov, 2020

News digest for 11/16/2020

Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin proposed to optimize the state of civil servants from January 1 to April 1, 2021. He stressed that it is no longer possible to postpone the reform of the management system. According to him, a special working group will be created for these purposes. The cut in ministries is expected to be up to 10%.

As part of the reform in the central offices of federal departments, staff will be reduced by 5%, in territorial bodies – by 10%, mainly due to vacant positions, funding will remain the same, – quotes RIA Novosti as the Prime Minister.

Turkish parliament submitted an initiative to send military to Azerbaijan

A presidential decree on sending military personnel to Azerbaijan has been sent to the Turkish parliament. Anadolu agency reports.

Earlier, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said during a press conference that Turkish peacekeeping units would not be sent to Nagorno-Karabakh, Ankara is taking part in resolving the situation within the monitoring center, which is located in Azerbaijan

The Kremlin called Turkey’s internal affair

Press Secretary of the President of the Russian Federation Dmitry Peskov called the decree of its leader Recep Erdogan on the transfer of Turkish troops to the territory of Azerbaijan as an internal affair of Turkey

There will also be a monitoring center on the territory of Azerbaijan, the Turkish military must be sent there – this is the implementation of internal procedures, the Kremlin spokesman specified.

CEC of Moldova announced the victory of Sandu

The CEC of Moldova, following the processing of 100% of the protocols in the second round of presidential elections in the country, announced the victory of the head of the pro-European Party of Action and Solidarity, Maia Sandu. TASS reports.

Sandu got 57.75% of the vote. The incumbent President Igor Dodon received 42.25% in the second round. The turnout in the elections was 52.78%.

Spanish bank BBVA decided to sell its assets in the USA

The American division of the Spanish BBVA – BBVA USA Bancshares – has 637 branches in the United States and manages assets worth $ 104 billion.The purchase of the assets of the Spanish group will allow PNC to increase its deposit portfolio by $ 86 billion, and its loan portfolio by $ 66 billion.

Spain will allow entry to Russian tourists

From November 23, in order to visit Spain, the overwhelming majority of tourists from abroad, and from Russia too, should be shown a PCR test passed at least 72 hours before landing. The Spanish government will not be quarantined. For visitors from the EU, the risk card is valid.

Turkish Foreign Ministry calls Pompeo’s visit unwelcome interference

The US Secretary of State is planning a long trip to Europe, the Middle East and the Caucasus. He intends to visit seven countries within ten days, including Georgia, Israel, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and France.

The Secretary of State’s working schedule does not include meetings with Turkish statesmen. He is not flying to Ankara, but to Istanbul. There is planned a conversation with the head of the Greek Orthodox Church, Patriarch Bartholomew. The US administration said they wanted to avoid possible conflicts, and Turkish officials, for their part, considered it an insult, Bloomberg reports.

Russians began to value apartments in dollars

Many apartment owners again, as before 2008, began to set a condition for the calculation in US dollars, according to the materials of the real estate agency “VamKnam”, received by the editorial office of “Lenta.ru”.

In some cases, customers will raise prices due to rate changes, even with an upfront payment. This state of affairs is observed both in the segment of affordable properties and in the premium segment, experts say.

Chelyabinsk business collected loans to pay salaries to employees

Businessmen in Chelyabinsk are increasingly seeking financial assistance, said Vice Mayor for Economics and Investments Oleg Izvekov at a staff meeting at the Chelyabinsk City Hall. According to the official, the money goes to pay salaries to employees.

Recall that loans to pay salaries were introduced this spring during the first wave of coronavirus. According to the terms of the agreement, if the number of employees remains at the end of the year, the authorities will write off part of the borrowed funds.

Australian physicists have learned to control lightning discharge

Experts from the Australian National University and the University of New South Wales have developed technology that allows full control of the point of impact of lightning. Scientists believe that their development will be useful in reducing the risk of serious forest fires.

The link between intestinal microflora and Alzheimer’s disease has been confirmed

The presence of certain bacteria in the intestinal microflora leads to the appearance in the blood of substances that cause inflammation, stimulate the accumulation of amyloids in the brain and the degeneration of neurons. This connection was confirmed by the new work of scientists from Switzerland and Italy, the results of which were published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease.

Revive extinct bird species with surrogate laying hens

An international group of ornithologists, molecular biologists and computer scientists have collected information on the genomes of 363 bird species. The catalog will allow you to study information about the evolution of birds and possibly help revive extinct species. According to some sources, development of genetically modified laying hens is underway, which will lay eggs with chicks of extinct bird species.

Scientists have created a chimera protein that breaks down plastic

The Guardian reports that a team of scientists from the UK and the USA has created a chimera protein from two enzymes used to process PET plastic, which “straightens” the polymer even faster and more efficiently.

On rough roads, low speed is dangerous for the car body

Researchers from Iran and Russia have created a computer model that fully describes the damage that occurs in a car body during fatigue failure. A computer experiment has shown that on uneven roads, low speed leads to more serious damage to the car body than average. The discovery will help to more accurately assess the resistance of vehicles to loads. This article was published in the journal Simulation Modeling Practice and Theory

Africa and Madagascar are falling apart

A team of researchers from the United States found that Africa will split into smaller tectonic blocks along the East African Rift System all the way to Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. As a result, the land will break up into smaller islands. This phenomenon will completely change the definition of both Africa itself and the Indian Ocean, according to the journal Geology.

The fracture rate is currently millimeters per year, so it will take millions of years before new oceans begin to form. It is highest of all now in the north, so we will first see their education, ” said lead author Sarah Stamps.

Scientists from China have proposed a new version of the origin of life on Earth

Life could appear on the planet due to an organic compound that was found at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean. Previously, scientists believed that only living organisms can create compounds. However, the new compound was found in the stone without even showing traces of bacteria. The experts came to the conclusion that it was formed independently. This led to the emergence of a new version of the origin of life on Earth.

New satellites of “Roskosmos” were four times more expensive than previous ones

The new-generation spacecraft Glonass-K2, which will begin to be launched into orbit from next year, will cost about four times more than the satellites that now mainly comprise the Russian navigation group GLONASS – Glonass-M, according to the materials state corporation “Roscosmos”, available at the disposal of RIA Novosti.

The solar system took 200,000 years to form

The formation of the sun and our solar system, which took place about 4.5 billion years ago, took only about 200,000 years, according to the authors of the new study. A group of scientists led by cosmochemist Greg Brennecka from Livermore National Laboratory, USA, came to this conclusion after an analysis of the isotopic composition of molybdenum atoms found in meteorite matter

Norway develops space satellite that detects hidden ships

The NorSat-3 space satellite, capable of detecting ships that do not want to give out their position, is being developed by Norway jointly with the United States, the electronic newspaper Norway Today reported on November 14. NorSat-3 satellites will operate in space to provide monitoring of Norwegian waters.

Samara RCC “Progress” closes space research

The Rocket and Space Enterprise will liquidate its subsidiary – Samara Scientific Center for Space Technologies CNT specialized in scientific research and development in the field of natural and technical sciences. Here, the onboard systems of nanosatellites were designed and tested. The reason for the liquidation is the lack of profit.

Astronomers discover “planet Pi” the size of Earth

Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have discovered a planet the size of Earth that orbits its star in 3.14 days – a fun combination of astronomy and mathematics.

TESS telescope found warm super-earth

Astronomers using ground-based telescopes have confirmed two new discoveries by the TESS space telescope, which found warm super-Earth and sub-Neptune in two calm red dwarfs close to the Sun. These objects are interesting as natural laboratories for studying the processes of formation and evolution of planets; in the future, scientists will try to find atmospheres from them. The preprint of the work is published on the arXiv.org website.

US interplanetary station approached Pluto

It turned out that Pluto is larger in diameter than astronomers previously thought. Although its density is lower than thought. Unique photographs were also taken, for which the interplanetary station flew 9 billion miles

In South Korea, a vacuum train accelerates to a speed of 1000 kilometers per hour

By 2024, the country plans to launch a full-fledged network of vacuum trains. The prototype of the Hyperloop vacuum train in South Korea has practically reached the speed of sound. Reported by the Independent

Samsung Smart Monitor lets you work without a computer

Samsung has announced the 32M70A monitor, which claims to be the world’s first Do-It-All panel that allows you to solve many tasks without connecting to a personal computer.

Google allows users to turn off tracking in Gmail, Chat and Meet

The fact is that Google uses data from Gmail, Meet and Chat to better customize its other branded services for a specific user, such as the Google Assistant voice assistant, Google Maps, and many others. For example, Assistant will remind you of invoices, Maps will show a restaurant with a reserved table, Google Pay will show you loyalty cards and tickets. Gmail’s smart features also use user data and history. If you disable personalization, then Google services will work in a limited amount of functionality.

Samsung will remove all photos and albums from Samsung Cloud

Samsung announced that the Samsung Cloud service will focus on providing basic backup, sync and restore functionality for mobile phone data such as contacts and notes. On August 31, 2021, Samsung Cloud will no longer support the “sync albums” feature.

Law on the return of the sobering-up system to the Russian Federation

The bill on the return of the sobering-up system in Russia is planned to be adopted in the second and third readings by the end of the year; from January 1, 2021, the document should enter into force. This was announced to TASS on Monday by the head of the State Duma committee on federal structure and local self-government issues Alexey Didenko.

Belarusian opposition plans to disable SWIFT

The opposition will seek to disconnect Belarus from the international SWIFT system and stop lending by foreign financial institutions to Belarusian banks. Svetlana Tikhanovskaya, ex-presidential candidate, leader of the Belarusian opposition, said about it.

We are working so that foreign banks stop lending and cooperate with Belarusian, first of all, state-owned ones – these are Belarusbank and Belagroprom (Belagroprombank – EADaily), ” the statement released by its press service says.

A detachment of Black Sea Fleet ships went to joint exercises with the Egyptian Navy

The exercises are designed to strengthen the military cooperation of the Russian Navy with the Egyptian Navy in the interests of security at sea, and facilitate the exchange of experience in countering threats in areas of intensive navigation, according to the information support department of the Black Sea Fleet.

New regulations of Rospotrebnadzor on coronavirus:

discharge of patients is now possible after 1 negative test, and not after 2

it is now possible to transfer a patient from the hospital to home treatment until the test is negative (except for those living in communal apartments, hostels and hotels)

those in contact with the infected will be able to leave self-isolation after 14 days without a test

test result should be ready in 48 hours

regions are ordered to do at least 200 coronavirus tests per 100 thousand inhabitants per day (on average per week)

More than a thousand people detained at protests in Belarus

In Belarus, 1043 people were detained at protest actions on November 15, according to the data of the human rights center “Viasna” by midnight on November 16. Perhaps the number of detainees will increase even more.

A lawyer present in one of the Minsk police department told Tut.by that the detainees are massively recognized as suspects in a criminal case on organizing and preparing actions that grossly violate public order. As a preventive measure, they are given an obligation to appear, while people are immediately sent to the IVS as part of the administrative process, writes Tut.by.

Searching for criminals using artificial intelligence

According to RBC and Kommersant, the Ministry of Internal Affairs is going to use developments based on artificial intelligence to search for serial criminals. It is expected that in 2023 “development work” will begin on the creation of such software, and in 2024 the Ministry of Internal Affairs expects to release the development into commercial operation. 55 billion rubles will be spent on this.

Alexander Litvinenko’s widow filed a lawsuit against Russia

The widow of the former FSB officer Alexander Litvinenko, Marina Litvinenko, has filed a lawsuit against Russia for 3.5 million euros with the ECHR. Litvinenko demands this amount as compensation for the murder of her husband by poisoning with a radioactive substance.

Also, the widow of a former employee of the Russian special service asks the ECHR to recognize the connection between the death of Alexander Litvinenko, the poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal in British Salisbury in 2018 and the poisoning of Alexei Navalny in 2020.

Rosneft and Gazprom, losses and premiums

According to the results of 9 months of 2020, Gazprom went into minus by 592 billion rubles. The holding’s revenue, which has a monopoly on the export of pipeline gas, fell 21% to 2.74 trillion rubles; gross profit – by almost 40%, to 917.46 billion rubles. The sales loss amounted to RUB 180.62 billion.

Rosneft, according to IFRS reporting, completed the third quarter with a net loss of 64 billion rubles, and since the beginning of the year has accumulated a loss of 177 billion rubles. According to the results of 9 months, its revenue fell by 34%, to 4.243 trillion rubles, and EBITDA almost doubled, to 845 billion.

In the first half of the year, payments to the Gazprom Management Board grew 1.8 times, exceeding 1 billion rubles. According to the results of the first quarter of 2020, the Rosneft Management Board received remuneration in the amount of RUB 376.2 million.

Uralvagonzavod “sent employees of street revenge due to problems with government orders

The management of Uralvagonzavod has temporarily transferred more than 700 skilled workers to the positions of painters and janitors. The company said that this applies to employees of the wagon assembly and metallurgical workshops, who are on forced leave due to problems with the production load and lack of funds to pay salaries.

They have problems with loading these workshops. Before the introduction of support measures, people were brought to idle time with the preservation of 2/3 of the average wage, ”explained Aleksey Kiselev, deputy chairman of the Federation of Trade Unions of the Sverdlovsk Region.

The public works program is calculated until the end of November and includes work on the improvement of the territory of the enterprise and the repair of equipment.

Rosgvardia of Russia purchases special vehicles

The Combine of Automobile Vans received a Rosgvardia contract worth 184 million rubles for the supply of cars for transporting police squads. Information “MBH Media” found on the portal of public procurement. We are talking about vehicles of the ATNP-5350 model. One car will cost the budget 6.3 million rubles. In total, the Russian Guard will purchase 29 such vehicles. Previously, they were purchased at 5.9 million rubles apiece. According to the terms of the contract, the cars must be delivered by December 1.