4 Dec, 2020

News digest for 12/03/2020

The Russian government is discussing the possibility of further reducing taxes for residents of special administrative regions – “domestic Russian offshores” created in 2018 for big business.

Among the proposals are a reduction to 10% of the income tax rate on dividends for non-public companies, a reduction in income tax in the regions subject to additional investments, tax exemption of interest received by international holding companies on bonds that have passed the listing procedure. They are also discussing the introduction of stabilization clauses – that is, the rules guaranteeing that tax rates will not increase.

Residents of Russian offshore companies already pay zero tax on dividends that they transfer to their majority shareholders. The condition for zeroing is the ownership of at least 15% in the capital of the company for at least a year before the date when the decision to pay dividends is made. SAR residents are also exempt from income tax when selling shares of foreign companies. In addition, they are subject to simplified foreign exchange regimes, and income received by foreign persons from shares or stakes in public holding companies is taxed at a rate of only 5%.

Los Angeles introduced home isolation for all residents

The authorities of Los Angeles, one of the metropolitan areas in the United States, announced the introduction of mandatory home isolation for all residents of the city due to the increase in the incidence of COVID-19, according to the decree, which also lists numerous exceptions to the prescribed.

The Oscars will be presented in the usual format

One of the representatives of the American Television Academy told Variety about how the Oscars will be held in 2021. According to him, regardless of how the epidemiological situation develops, the awards will be presented live. True, the date of the ceremony was prudently postponed to April 25. Even if cinemas are not yet allowed to operate, the awards ceremony will traditionally take place at the Dolby Theater in Los Angeles. And the winners will receive awards in person, not virtually

Gazprom signed a new agreement with OMV

Gazprom and Austrian OMV signed a new long-term contract at the end of October for the supply of gas to the German market, the Russian monopoly said on December 2.

Japan will complete sales of gasoline cars

By the mid-2030s, the Japanese authorities plan to completely exclude new cars with gasoline and diesel engines from sales. The Ministry of Economy, Industry and Trade of the country is currently engaged in coordinating this issue.

Germany will reduce purchases of Russian coal

According to DW, the German authorities are phasing out the use of coal in the electricity sector faster than expected. By January 1, 2021, 4.8 GW of capacity will be shut off. So far, Germany is the EU’s largest importer of Russian coal, but from the beginning of 2021 supplies from Kuzbass will begin to decline. By 2038, Germany should completely abandon the use of this type of fuel

Illegal surveillance and dismissal of employees

The US National Labor Relations Office filed a complaint against Google, which fired two activist employees in 2019, according to The Guardian. Federal agency claims Google violated U.S. law by monitoring employees and subsequently firing them

Chinese scientists leave the USA

More than 1,000 Chinese scientists left the United States after Washington accused China of stealing American technology. This, as reported by Reuters, was announced on Wednesday by US Assistant Secretary of Justice John Demers, speaking at an event organized by the Aspen Institute.

Ski season in Austria will be allowed

Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz has announced that he will allow skiing in the country from December 24, despite the COVID-19 pandemic. He noted that in this way, residents of the country will be able to go in for sports during the Christmas holidays. At the same time, other restrictive measures in Austria will remain in force for now.

A hard lockdown in Austria, introduced due to the coronavirus from November 17 to December 6, has shown an effect, it will end on time, the gradual lifting of restrictions will begin from December 7, Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz said.

Scotland approves hydrogen heating tests

Ofgem, the UK energy regulator, is willing to provide £ 18m for a pilot project in Fife, Scotland and an additional £ 6.9m for the Scottish government. Construction of the new heating system will begin next year and will fully supply 300 homes with hydrogen fuel from wind turbines … The authors of the project emphasize that the program will be 100% environmentally friendly, there will be no greenhouse emissions throughout the fuel supply chain. The system is expected to start operating in 2022, with the experiment running until 2027.

A bill against shares of Chinese companies

The House of Representatives of the US Congress unanimously passed a bill that could deprive Chinese companies of the opportunity to list their shares on US exchanges. Reported by Reuters.

The new law will oblige Chinese companies operating in the United States to undergo the same audits as American ones. Also, foreign companies listed on US exchanges will be required to provide confirmation that they do not belong to a foreign government and are not under the control of the authorities.

US tightens visa issuance for members of the Chinese Communist Party

The Donald Trump administration has tightened rules for granting American tourist visas to members of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and their immediate family. The New York Times reported this with reference to sources on Thursday. The new rules, according to the newspaper, were introduced on Wednesday and came into force immediately.

The Greenland ice sheet is rapidly shrinking.

A specialist at the University of Reading called this process irreversible. Even if global warming is stopped, the ice sheet in this region will never return to its original position. The situation threatens that the level of the world ocean will rise by at least two meters, and this will lead to the most catastrophic consequences.

Contactless bearing was created in Russia

The magnetic bearing, which will help eliminate energy losses during friction, was developed by scientists from the National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (NRNU MEPhI). According to the researchers, the new development differs from analogs in simplicity and design flexibility.

A model of the distribution of neutrinos in the Universe was created

Japanese scientists from the University of Tsukuba and the University of Tokyo have developed a mathematical method that determines the role of neutrinos in the evolution of the universe. Modeling on its basis will allow studying the dynamics of neutrinos and dark matter, and, ultimately, lead to the determination of the neutrino mass, the authors believe. The results of the study are published in The Astrophysical Journal.

Loss of vigilance after drinking alcohol explained

It is no secret that many people, after drinking alcohol, temporarily lose their vigilance. Scientists from the USA and Germany decided to find out the reason for this phenomenon. A related study was published in the journal Nature Communications.

Destroy the ozone layer of the planet and harm satellites

Scientists from Nogai University of Japan, together with geophysicists from NASA, found that pulsating aurora borealis are created by high-energy electrons, also called “killers” – they can disable satellites and even destroy the Earth’s ozone layer, reports Geophysical Research Letters.

Objects of unknown type found in space

Astronomers working at the Australian ASKAP radio telescope complex have noticed circles of radio emission that are unlike any other known type of astronomical object. They were called ORC (Odd Radio Circles, strange radio circles).

Rusnano Macrodeals

Chubais received 54 billion rubles from the state. in the authorized capital of Rusnano and another 56 billion rubles. in addition (loans against government guarantees). At the exit in 12 years – 33 billion rubles. accumulated losses (data of the annual report for 2019).

Putin admonished Kulikov before working for Rusnano:

“It was extremely important for us to push this cart, to push this train so that it moves, accelerates, so that we gain competence, continue research in this area and be able to apply this research, which is important. Apply them. Tighten to the tasks facing country, use effectively ”

“Without the development of technologies such as nanotechnology, our economy has no future, this is quite obvious. The same applies to artificial intelligence and other areas, biotechnology. All of this in the modern world is very tied to each other.”

In Belarus, the court deprived the Tut.by portal of the media status

The Economic Court of Minsk deprived the news portal Tut.by of the status of an online publication, which equated it with the media, since the information it publishes is harmful to state interests. This is reported by the portal itself.

UN has removed marijuana from the list of dangerous drugs

The UN Commission has removed medical cannabis and its derivatives from the list of the most dangerous drugs, which, in particular, includes heroin. Russia voted against this decision

In Moscow, the investigator was accused of setting fire to a department of the Investigative Committee

The court sent under house arrest an investigator for especially important cases, Lieutenant Colonel of Justice Maxim Mitasov, who is accused of organizing the arson of a department of the Investigative Committee in 2017. The investigator committed a crime because he wanted to take revenge on the boss

The Thai authorities plan to abandon mass tourism in the coming year

The kingdom needs to update its tourism industry in the aftermath of the coronavirus pandemic, said Yutasak Supasorn, head of the country’s Tourism Authority.

In Russia, they sell fictitious certificates of the absence of coronavirus

According to the results of the All-Russian monitoring of the ONF through an Internet search, a fictitious certificate of the absence of coronavirus can be obtained on the day of contact in a quarter of the regions of Russia – in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Volgograd, Belgorod, Voronezh and other regions, with several different ways.

It turned out that the cost of fictitious certificates varies from 1,500 to 3,000 rubles, and they are popular with people who need to travel abroad, find a job, go to work after self-isolation, and apply to a clinic for inpatient treatment.

Face ID to pay for fares in the Moscow metro will start working next year.

Even masked faces will be recognized. This was announced on the air of Echo of Moscow by the head of the transport department Maxim Liksutov. According to him, the Moscow metro will provide only infrastructure related to biometrics, and personal payment data will be stored in banks. In addition to this innovation, the Moscow transport system, which has embarked on the integration of services, will undergo a number of changes:

  • A pilot project for a unified ticket system for Moscow and the Moscow region will be launched in December. And the Maas application, which is now being developed by the Moscow authorities, will most likely allow users to save on travel costs.
  • Ground transport drivers in Moscow will no longer sell tickets after the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Yandex and other companies that hold a large market share and introduce their multi-applications will be able to legally integrate into the city system. At the same time, the mayor’s office has already banned 10 illegal taxi companies from working in Moscow, and now only 2% of taxi drivers do not work with aggregators.
  • Since today only 45% of young people want to buy a personal car after obtaining the rights, Maas will actively cooperate with car sharing, and agreements have already been obtained from several companies.
  • Deptrans notes an increase in the number of users of rental devices, which will also be included in the super-aggregator. Thus, the number of rides on rental bicycles in the last month of autumn increased by 116%, and as of early November, Moscow residents made more than 18 thousand bike rides a day.

Twitter has introduced new user restrictions

From now on, “words that dehumanize people based on race, ethnicity and national origin” will be prohibited.