7 Dec, 2020

News digest for 12/05-06/2020

Russians born in the Kuril Islands recognized as Japanese subjects

The US State Department has recognized the Russians born in the South Kuril Islands as natives of Japan. This is reported by the Hokkaido Shimbun newspaper with reference to the rules for holding green cards, published on the website of the American Foreign Ministry.

Lufthansa intends to carry out massive staff reductions

German air carrier Lufthansa, amid the crisis due to the coronavirus pandemic, intends to lay off 30 thousand people, including 20 thousand foreign employees and 7.5 thousand employees of the LSG division, which deals with in-flight catering, writes Bild am Sonntag. It is noted that the mass layoffs will take place before end of this year.

An implant that can partially restore vision to blind people

Scientists from the Netherlands spoke about a new model of a brain implant. This system is able to restore orientation in space to people who have lost their sight. While the devices passed a successful test in monkeys, they had implants placed in their heads and given the animals several tasks, which they successfully completed.

We were able to bypass the blind eyes and direct the image to the visual cortex. By stimulating it with one electrode, you can get an image of one point, – said scientist Peter Roelfsema.

NTV journalists detained in Turkey

In Turkey, employees of the NTV program “Central Television” were detained and stopped communicating. On the morning of December 3, reporter Alexei Petrushko and cameraman Ivan Malyshkin reported to the editorial office about their detention by police in Sanai, a suburb of Istanbul. Then the connection with them was interrupted.
Two citizens of the Russian Federation and one citizen of Turkey, who, without permission, filmed near the center for research and development of unmanned aerial vehicles, where photography and video filming is prohibited. The Istanbul provincial administration reported that the detention of Russian journalists in Turkey has been extended by three days, TASS reports.

US terminates cultural exchange programs with China

Today, the State Department has terminated five programs carried out under the guise of “cultural exchange” with the PRC, – said in a statement by Mr. Pompeo on the US State Department website.

He explained that we are talking about programs under which US civil servants can travel abroad with foreign money. According to Mike Pompeo, these five programs are “fully funded and managed by the PRC authorities as propaganda tools.” He clarified that the programs provide “carefully controlled access to officials of the Chinese Communist Party, not to the Chinese people,” and accused the Chinese authorities of lacking freedom of speech and assembly.

American company Aevum presented a space drone

Aevum has unveiled the Ravn X drone, which will be the first stage of a small satellite launch system. According to the publication C4ISRNET, Aevum expects that its drone will provide space launches every three hours and significantly reduce the cost of preparing for them.

Grants for an anti-corruption project in Serbia

The US State Department’s Bureau of Law Enforcement and Combating International Drug Trafficking will allocate up to $ 500,000 for a project called Citizens Against Corruption, which will be implemented in Serbia.

As follows from the document, the initiative is aimed at helping to build a civil society in the country that “interacts with the Serbian government politically and through the justice system” with an emphasis on fighting corruption.

The human brain can see more dimensions

The Swiss research group Blue Brain has completely reconstructed the human brain based on a supercomputer. Neuroscientists have used classical mathematics to look into the structure of our brains. They found that it is full of multidimensional geometric shapes working in 11 dimensions! Groups of neurons are connected in “clicks”, and that the number of neurons in a clique depends on its size as a multidimensional geometric object (we are talking about a mathematical, not a space-time concept of measurement – this is important).

We found a world we never dreamed of, ”said lead researcher, neuroscientist Henry Markram of the EPFL Institute in Switzerland. – Even in the smallest part of the brain there are tens of millions of such objects, and their dimension ranges up to seven dimensions. In some networks, we even found structures with up to 11 dimensions.

Developed sensor capable of tracking wound healing

American scientists, together with Skoltech employees, presented a unique sensor developed by them that can track the healing of wounds on human skin. As the authors of the development said, its essence is to create an electroanalytical sensor. The uniqueness of the development is that the healing process can be fixed even through a bandage.

Engineers made a prototype flying sonar

Engineers have constructed a prototype sonar that can be mounted on an aerial platform. Unlike classic sonar, which requires immersion in water to operate, the new device detects underwater objects while still above the surface. This is made possible by the use of a laser to generate sound and highly sensitive capacitive ultrasonic transducers to read it. The article was published in IEEE Access.

A sensor that detects liver disease

To date, there are no effective methods for early detection of liver damage, as well as scarring, which leads to various disorders and insufficiency. In this regard, scientists have created a unique test capable of detecting some irregularities in the work of an organ.

Preliminary tests of the device showed that it recorded early fibrosis with more than 80% accuracy, and obesity with 90% or more accuracy. Scientists noted that it takes about ten minutes to analyze an organ, but the developers have already begun work on reducing the procedure time.

In Finland, scientists have created a self-learning robot ant

In Finland, scientists from Aalto University and designers from Ote Robotics have developed a fairly inexpensive and self-learning robot, RealAnt.

A microscope that allows you to see through the bones of the skull

The innovative microscope was developed by a group of researchers led by Professor Choi Wonshik from the Center for Molecular Spectroscopy and Dynamics of the Institute for Basic Sciences (IBS) in Seoul (South Korea), writes Hi-Tech.

The device works using non-invasive technology – you don’t need to penetrate inside the skull to study tissues. When creating a microscope, methods such as optical coherence and two-photon microscopy were used.

Ants eat their own acid

It turns out that in this way insects turn on a safety mechanism. Formic acid is known to have anti-inflammatory effects. But never before has science faced the fact when ants ingest their own acid.

Rosneft will sell part of its assets

According to the publication of the TASS publication, Rosneft has decided to optimize its portfolio of assets, for this, part of the projects will be sold to other domestic oil companies. It is noted that the transaction will be made on market conditions

Russia announced its withdrawal from the tax agreement with the Netherlands

The Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation began the procedure for terminating the agreement on the avoidance of double taxation with the Netherlands after the completion of negotiations on amending the agreement, the press service of the Russian department reports.

The approach to changing the agreement, proposed by the Netherlands, was not supported by the Russian side, as it provided for maintaining separate channels for withdrawing funds from the country, the ministry said in a statement.

Most of the polymers from ZapSibNeftekhim are exported

The company notes that Russia remains a priority market for SIBUR’s products, but the consumption of polymers in the world is growing faster than GDP. In just nine months of 2020, 75% of polymers from the enterprise went to the markets of Asia, mainly China, Turkey and Europe

China overtook the US in terms of trade with the EU

According to Eurostat, from January to October this year, trade between China and the EU reached 425.5 billion euros. At the same time, the trade between the USA and the EU amounted to 412.5 billion euros

In St. Petersburg recorded an increase in the number of debtors for utilities

As reported by “Nevskie Novosti” with reference to JSC “Petroelectrosbyt”, State Unitary Enterprise “TEK SPb”, State Unitary Enterprise “Vodokanal of St. Petersburg”, the Fund for overhaul and the housing committee. About 68 thousand Petersburgers owe more than 5 thousand rubles for electricity. And for the consumed heat energy in general, the townspeople owe 7.5 billion rubles. Also debts were fixed in relation to the State Unitary Enterprise “TEK SPb”. The debt is 285.8 million rubles. In total, the townspeople have accumulated debts for 14 billion rubles.

Russians cannot go abroad due to debts

In Russia, the number of debtors who cannot go abroad increased by 20% over the 12 months of this year, exceeding four million. For comparison: as of November 1, 2019, 3.4 million Russians could not leave the country.

This is reported by RIA Novosti, citing data from the Federal Bailiff Service (FSSP). Experts note that in the first 10 months of this year, 7.5 million orders were issued to temporarily restrict the right to leave. The bailiffs consider this measure of influence to be effective. The bailiff can restrict a person from leaving Russia with a debt of 30 thousand rubles, and sometimes from 10 thousand.

In 2021, it will begin to assign pensions to Russians under the new rules

The deputy head of the United Russia faction, Andrei Isaev, spoke about the innovations in the accrual system. Women will begin to retire at 56 years and six months, and men at 61 and six months.

According to the rules that come into force next year, the amount of benefits will depend on the length of service. In particular, Russians can count on not only a social, but also an insurance pension, for which it is necessary to have at least 12 years of service and 21 pension points …

Chubais spoke about the new appointment

Russian head of state Vladimir Putin has appointed Chubais as special presidential envoy for relations with international organizations to achieve sustainable development goals.

In my life, more than once I had to do what is important for the country, although not very pleasant for me. This time, it seems that the upcoming case is really significant for the country and interesting to me personally, – wrote Chubais on his Facebook page.

How much Russians are willing to spend on New Year’s celebration

Most Russians are ready to spend no more than 15 thousand rubles on New Year’s celebrations, including gifts and a festive table, follows from a study of the IDF Eurasia service, which is at the disposal of RIA Novosti. Among the gifts most often named were electronics, home appliances, perfumery and cosmetics, online courses, sporting goods, board games, jewelry and candy.

Trump has ordered the withdrawal of nearly all American troops from Somalia.

The Pentagon notes that this measure does not mean weakening the American presence in Africa. Only a part of the military will leave the east of the continent, the rest of the troops will be deployed in neighboring countries with Somalia. They will be prepared to conduct operations in the country to maintain “pressure on violent extremist organizations operating in Somalia.”

Putin called for limiting the Internet for the sake of millennial moral norms

The development of the Internet carries risks that need to be “stopped in advance”, said Russian President Vladimir Putin during the discussion “Artificial intelligence is the main technology of the XXI century.” One of these risks, according to Putin, is a surge in Internet crime. According to the president, the Internet should be subject to “moral and ethical standards that all mankind has developed over the millennia.”

“Over the past year, the growth of total crime registered in our country amounted to 1.1%, and this year, taking into account the development of online services, it means both artificial intelligence and elements of information technology – crimes in this area, namely in high-tech areas has increased, you know how much? By 75.1%. Look, what growth, a surge, you can say. “

Another protest march took place in Khabarovsk.

The authorities of Khabarovsk began to decorate the central square of the city for the New Year, placed massive snow and ice blocks. This did not prevent the holding of the next, 22nd rally in support of the ex-governor of the region, Sergei Furgal.

The Ministry of Industry and Trade proposed to ban state purchases of foreign electronics and electrics

According to the ministry’s plan, the ban should apply to imported products (with the exception of products from the EAEU countries) included in the relevant list. In the last, the Ministry of Industry and Trade introduced all “computer, electronic and optical equipment” (with the exception of several dozen items, like “accurate scales; tools for drawing, calculations, instruments for measuring linear dimensions, etc.”, “clocks of all kinds”, etc.) .P.).

Opposition presented an ultimatum to the Prime Minister of Armenia

Nikol Pashinyan is due to resign by 12:00 Tuesday (December 8). Otherwise, actions of civil disobedience will begin throughout Armenia, a representative of the opposition Dashnaktsutyun party said, Sputnik Armenia reports.

Tighten sanctions against Russia over Donbass

The head of the Ukrainian delegation to the Trilateral Contact Group on resolving the situation in Donbass, the first president of the republic, Leonid Kravchuk, called for tougher sanctions against Russia if the conflict in Donbass is not resolved by the end of the year. He proposed to disconnect Russia from international payment systems

In Belarus, users complained about interruptions in Telegram.

Traditionally, during protests on Sundays, the authorities require operators to slow down the speed of mobile Internet, but today such restrictions were short-lived. At the same time, Telegram remains unavailable in all major cities of the country and from all telecom operators. The messenger works only when connected through a proxy server.

Recall that the idea of ​​developing a law on social networks and Telegram is being discussed in Belarus. This week, Lukashenko’s deputy head of administration, Andrei Kuntsevich, said that “new solutions are needed to regulate the work with content in social networks and messengers, which for many replace traditional sources of information.”

Putin declared Russia’s moral and ethical leadership.

During a meeting with volunteers and finalists of the Volunteer of Russia 2020 competition, Vladimir Putin noted that in 2020 Russians have become more kind, trusting and responsive.

“Today the whole world is celebrating Volunteer and Volunteer Day. Congratulations on this, millions – millions! – I did not make a reservation, the citizens of Russia who do good deeds for the sake of others. ”

In Novosibirsk, four teenagers beat a woman for her car.

A resident of the city stopped at a grocery store at about 3 o’clock in the morning, at which time she was attacked by drunken criminals, who are from 15 to 23 years old. As established by the investigation, they inflicted at least 20 blows on the head and limbs of the woman, and then abducted her “Honda Fit”. According to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the woman in a frightened state also got into the car. The shop assistant called the police, the information was immediately passed on to the traffic police crews. After a short pursuit, the driver of the Honda drove into a snowdrift, everyone was detained.

British scientists have unveiled a new version of the origin of the moon.

The planet could have formed 4.5 billion years ago from the collision of the Earth with some hypothetical planet Theia. That is, experts believe that the Moon is the debris of the Earth that arose after the collision. The researchers published their findings in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. They say that the alleged planet Theia before the collision “could rotate around its axis.” But it could not rotate, and if so, then the mass of the Moon would be 20% less than it is now.

However, the results of scientific research are not conclusive evidence of the origin of the moon. But this could be a “promising” step in understanding how Earth’s satellite originated.

On the appointment of Ella Pamfilova as head of the CEC for a new term

Putin made a decision to appoint Ella Pamfilova as chairman of the Central Election Commission for a new term. The new composition of the CEC should be appointed by March 2021, Vedomosti reports. Putin met with Ella Pamfilova on November 6. The head of state called the result of the CEC’s work in the September 2020 elections “very good”.

Petersburg authorities in response to business complaints

Smolny refused to lift New Year’s restrictions on coronavirus. This was reported to Open Media by a representative of the St. Petersburg administration. Earlier, entrepreneurs asked the city authorities to lift the ban on restaurants operating in the New Year. And they even threatened to complain to Putin.

“This is a loss for business, but in the priority of people’s lives,” explained Inna Karpushina, press secretary of the head of the city, Alexander Beglova. According to her, the restrictions are dictated by the difficult epidemiological situation in the city and concern for St. Petersburg residents.

Prilepin’s party adopted a platform for the State Duma elections

Expand the territory of Russia by annexing Donbass, Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria to it, introduce censorship in the media and the Internet, and restore the article “parasitism” in the Criminal Code. These are three of the 13 theses of the ideological platform of Zakhar Prilepin’s party “For Truth”, transmitted to “Open Media” by its press service. The document was adopted today at the “Time Forward” conference with the participation of patriotic and leftist forces