24 Dec, 2020

News digest for 12/23/2020

Scientists from McGill University predicted that the planet will be able to overcome the threshold of dangerous climatic changes between about 2027 and 2042, the date of the end of climatic changes is 2052. This is stated in an article published in the journal Climate Dynamics.

Sea level will rise another meter by 2100

According to scientists, sea level could rise another meter by 2100 if the average temperature on Earth rises by 4 degrees. They compare it not with today’s indicators, but with the pre-industrial period.

A probe that can penetrate the blood vessels of the brain

EPFL Microbiorobotic Systems Lab scientists have developed a way to insert a probe into blood vessels using natural blood flow, TechXplore reports

The probes consist of a magnetic tip and an elongated ultra-flexible body in the form of a tape made of biocompatible polymers, one end of which is held outside. When moving through the vessels, using a magnetic field, the tip is directed to the desired branch. Both the “tail” of the probe and the magnetic head are controlled by a computer. In addition, there is no need for rigid feedback, since the tip of the device is not pressed against the walls of the vessel.

The State Duma adopted a law on sanctions for censorship of Russian media

The State Duma passed a law on sanctions for censoring Russian media and for introducing restrictions that violate the rights of Russian citizens to freedom of speech. This is stated on the website of the lower house of parliament.

The State Duma adopted a law banning foreign financing of rallies

Deputies of the State Duma adopted a law banning financing of rallies and demonstrations in Russia from foreign sources, as well as anonymously and by foreign agents. RIA Novosti reports.

Moscow has declared two diplomats from Colombia persona non grata

Colombia expelled two Russian diplomats. The Russian Foreign Ministry declared two employees of the Colombian Embassy in Moscow persona non grata. This was reported on the website of the Russian Foreign Ministry

Russian Foreign Ministry announced retaliatory measures to EU sanctions over Navalny

Moscow will expand the blacklist of EU citizens banned from entering Russia in response to European sanctions over Alexei Navalny, the Foreign Ministry said.

We consider it categorically unacceptable for the European Union to take illegal restrictive measures against a number of our compatriots under the pretext of their alleged involvement in the incident with Russian citizen A. Navalny, with the filing of its leading member states, ” reads a statement published on the website of the Russian Foreign Ministry shortly after summoning the ambassadors to department

Twitter will give Biden the account of the President of the United States without followers

Twitter will hand over to US President-elect Joe Biden the account of the American leader without followers. This is reported by the Axios edition. The same will happen with the White House account before it is handed over to the new administration.

US Treasury added the Central Bank of Syria to the sanctions list

The Central Bank of Syria has come under new sanctions from the US Treasury Department. Seven individuals and nine companies operating in the republic were also on Washington’s anti-Syrian list, the report said. This year came into force the so-called “Caesar Act” directed against all spheres of the Syrian economy. Washington can impose restrictions on any country for partnership with the official authorities of the republic …

New gas field discovered in China

A new gas field with an estimated gas reserves of 100 billion cubic meters has been discovered in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of the PRC, local media reported. The field was discovered by PetroChina (a subsidiary of the largest China National Oil and Gas Corporation, CNPC).

Chinese patrol ships violated the border of Japan

Two Chinese patrol ships on Wednesday entered Japanese territorial waters off the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea. This archipelago is the subject of a territorial dispute between Tokyo and Beijing. Chinese ships also came close to the Japanese fishing vessel.

Central Bank announced the abolition of the funded pension system

The institution of funded pensions can be legally dismantled in the next three years. This was stated by the first deputy chairman of the Central Bank Sergei Shvetsov, reports RBC. We are talking about the suspension of the transfer of funds from the budget to the savings accounts of Russians. At the same time, what remains in these accounts of citizens will not go anywhere, Shvetsov noted.

The President signed the next three years (freezing the funded part of the pension. – Ed.), I think that in these three years the institution will be dismantled in regulation, in legislation. Institute – I mean the transfer of funds by the budget to the savings accounts of citizens. What is left on these accounts will not go anywhere, but new money will not go through this channel, ”said the deputy chairman of the Central Bank.

The State Duma adopted a law on the minimum price for cigarettes

The State Duma adopted in the third and final reading a law on changing the calculation of the minimum price for tobacco products. They decided not to tie it to the maximum price set by the manufacturer.

Special holding Gazprom International Projects became the owner of Nord Stream 2 AG

The Nord Stream 2 project company Nord Stream 2 AG was transferred from the ownership of the parent company PJSC Gazprom to Gazprom International Projects, Gazprom reported.

Earlier it was also reported that Gazprom International Projects transferred a stake in Nord Stream AG (operator of construction and operation of the first Nord Stream), a stake in Blue Stream Pipeline Company B.V. (“Blue Stream”).

It was reported about the decision to transfer to the special holding “Turkish Stream” (South Stream Transport B.V.). A subsidiary of OOO Gazprom International Projects Vostok 1 was created.

OOO Gazprom international projects appeared as part of the gas holding group in March. Dmitry Khandoga, Head of the Department of Foreign Economic Affairs (512), has been appointed its CEO.

Overdue debts of Russians have grown

Overdue debts of Russians increased by more than 100 billion rubles, or almost 20% more than last year. TASS writes about this with reference to a study by the credit bureau Equifax and the self-regulatory organization National Association of Professional Collection Agencies (NAPKA).

The number of overdue loans at the moment is 12.6 million against 10.9 million loans last year. The most significant amount of overdue debt is observed in the segment of cash loans (560 billion rubles), credit cards (153 billion rubles), mortgages (101 billion rubles), MFOs (64 billion rubles) and car loans (58 billion rubles).

Gazprom Management Committee: Dividends for 2020

According to the results of 2020, the Gazprom Management Board considers it possible to pay 40% of the adjusted net profit in full compliance with the dividend policy, CFO Famil Sadigov said in an interview with the Gazprom corporate magazine.

NWF funds into precious metals

Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a federal law that allows the allocation of funds from the National Welfare Fund (NWF) in precious metals, the document was published on the official portal of legal information.

Total bond issue in China

China’s total bond issues in November totaled 4.7 trillion yuan ($ 719.6 billion), the People’s Bank of China said. Including last month, government securities were issued in the amount of 706.99 billion yuan, bonds of local governments – 138.36 billion yuan. The volume of placement of corporate bonds exceeded 1 trillion yuan, financial institutions issued bonds worth 732.65 billion yuan.

At the end of November, the volume of bonds in circulation stood at 115.7 trillion yuan. In October this year, bonds worth 4.8 trillion yuan were placed in the PRC, and bonds worth 114.6 trillion yuan were in circulation.

In 2019, Chinese issuers placed bonds worth 45.3 trillion yuan, up 3.1% from the previous year.

Durov announced the monetization of Telegram due to new functions

In 2021, the Telegram messenger will begin to monetize, introducing paid functionality for businesses and users with advanced needs, while all current services will remain free. The founder of the messenger Pavel Durov wrote about this in his Telegram channel.

Putin signed a decree to reduce the share of the Russian Federation in the authorized capital of Channel One

Putin signed a decree to reduce the share of the Russian Federation in the authorized capital of Channel One to 34%, according to the Ministry of Tsifra. Prior to that, the Russian Federation had 51% in the company. The state should receive a “golden share” in Channel One, and Oreshkin, aide to the President of the Russian Federation, has become the new chairman of the Board of Directors.

The State Duma adopted a law on the integrated development of territories

The document gives the regions the right to approve programs for the demolition of apartment buildings, and residents – the right of 2/3 votes to decide on the inclusion of a house in such a program and 1/3 of the votes – to leave it. It will be possible to make a decision on the integrated development of the territory if the land plot is at least half occupied by emergency or dilapidated housing – or an industrial zone.

The State Duma of Russia adopted a law on individuals – foreign agents:

  • Individuals who receive foreign funding for political activities are recognized as foreign agents.
  • Science, culture, art, healthcare, protection of mothers and children, social support for disabled people, promotion of a healthy lifestyle, protection of flora and fauna and charity will not be considered political activities.
  • Unregistered foreign-funded political NPOs are recognized as foreign agents.
  • Foreign agents are prohibited from holding public office, but members of NCOs-foreign agents will be able to serve on public councils under federal agencies.
  • The media will be required to label the materials of foreign agents.

The State Duma passed a law on large social networks:

  • large social networks are recognized with traffic from 500 thousand users per day, their register will be created
  • social network should create a representative office in Russia
  • social networks are obliged to moderate content and block hate speech, defaming inaccurate data, child pornography, information about drug manufacture, methods of suicide, illegal lotteries and alcohol.
  • Social networks must maintain a register of user complaints and submit it to regulatory authorities upon request
  • the law will come into force on February 1

The Russian State Duma adopted a law on imprisonment for libel:

  • for libel on the Internet (up to 2 years in prison or up to 1 million rubles in a fine)
  • for libel that a person is sick with a disease that is dangerous to those around him (up to 4 years in a colony or 3 million rubles in a fine)
  • for libel that a person has committed a sexual offense (up to 5 years or 5 million rubles in a fine)
  • for defamation using one’s official position (up to 3 years or a 2 million rubles fine)

Now libel is not punishable by imprisonment.

The initial chemical element that was formed after the Big Bang is hydrogen.

There is only one proton in this chemical element. Thus, one of the first states of the Universe was an environment in which only free protons, neutrons and electrons existed. After primary nucleosynthesis, the mass of hydrogen decreased to 75 percent, and the mass of helium increased to 25 percent. In addition, in the course of the simplest chemical reactions, a small amount (hundredths of a percent by weight) of hydrogen-2 (hydrogen with the number of neutrons equal to 2), helium-3 and lithium-7 were formed.

It is interesting to note that even in the course of other subsequent reactions of nucleosynthesis (mainly in the interiors of stars during their evolution and death), the mass of chemical elements in the Universe, which are heavier than helium, did not exceed two percent of the total mass of ordinary matter in the modern Universe. The reactions of primary nucleosynthesis lasted only a few minutes, while the environment of the Universe had sufficient density and temperature to support the simplest thermonuclear reactions

Penalty for not removing prohibited content

The State Duma passed a law on large fines for social networks and hosting services for not removing prohibited content. If the portal has not deleted the illegal information, the fine will be from 50 to 100 thousand rubles for citizens, from 200 to 400 thousand for officials and from 800 thousand to 4 million for legal entities. For a repeated violation, the fine will be from 100 to 200 thousand for citizens, from 500 to 800 thousand for officials and from 5% to 10% of annual revenue (but not less than 4 million rubles) for legal entities.

Every hundredth inhabitant of the Earth infected with coronavirus

The number of reported cases of coronavirus infection worldwide has reached almost 78 million. Thus, more than one percent of the world’s population became carriers of the virus. United Nations Population Fund estimates current world population at 7.795 billion