26 Dec, 2019

News digest for 12/25/2019

In the state Duma of Russia proposed to introduce “new year’s capital”

Deputy Chairman of the state Duma Committee on education and science Boris Chernyshov took the initiative to create a “new year’s capital”. A copy of his appeal, sent to the Minister of labor and social protection Maxim Topilin, is available to RT.

Chernyshov believes that “new year’s capital” should be provided to lonely Russian pensioners, so that they can buy all the necessary products and festive attributes, without going beyond their budget. The Deputy stressed that the money will help older citizens to spend the holiday as they want.

“These payments should be tied to the average amount of pension in the regions of Russia, — he said.

FAS on the complaint of Russian Railways opened a case against the site of buying tickets

The Federal Antimonopoly service (FAS) on the complaint of Russian Railways opened a case of unfair competition against the site of buying railway tickets rzd-online.ru, follows from the definition of the office.

Chemezov proposed to appoint “rostec” operator of industrial waste

The head of the state Corporation “rostec” Sergey Chemezov proposed to create a Federal operator for the treatment of waste III-V hazard classes (industrial waste) and give these functions to the state Corporation itself.

Russian Railways allowed passengers from the upper seats to sit on the lower shelves

The new electronic tickets, the design of which was presented by Russian Railways, contains permission for passengers who travel on the upper shelves to sit on the lower ones in the daytime. This drew the attention of “RIA Novosti»

Golikova called terrible optimization in health care

Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova commented on the optimization in the healthcare industry in the program “Evening with Vladimir Solovyov” on the TV channel “Russia 1”. According to her, the optimization was carried out badly in many Russian regions and the quality and availability of medical services as a result “sharply deteriorated”. Golikova noted that in such implementation of optimization “all are guilty — both the center, and regions”. Now it is necessary to correct the situation, she said.

In addition, the Deputy Prime Minister said that the authorities are discussing the transfer of health care to the Federal level, noting that some regions oppose it.

In the military enlistment office told about the fate of the” disappeared ” Shaveddinova

Deputy military Commissar of Moscow Colonel Maxim Loktev commented on reports about the direction of the military service Ruslan Shaveddinov, an employee of the FBK, who disappeared after a search of his house the day before and, as it turned out, was sent to a military unit on Novaya Zemlya

According to Loktev, ” until October 2019 citizen … for a long time evaded the statement on military registration”, and at the end of the month before last arrived at the Commissariat, where he was found fit for duty. Not agreeing with the decision of the Commission, Shaveddinov appealed it in court, but the Savelovsky district court did not satisfy the petition. Then the oppositionist filed an appeal to the Moscow city court, which, as it turned out today, on the day of the search and disappearance of Shaveddinov on December 23, rejected the appeal.

Ruslan Shaveddinov’s lawyers will file applications for kidnapping and illegal imprisonment for sending him to Novaya Zemlya

In the government of the Russian Federation offered to transfer officials on a taxi

The government Commission on optimization and efficiency of budget expenditures proposed to consider the possibility of using taxis with aggregators instead of official cars of officials, first Deputy Prime Minister of Finance of the Russian Federation Anton Siluanov told reporters.

The Prosecutor’s office of Tatarstan recognized illegal participation of children in the exercises of the Ministry of internal Affairs

The Prosecutor’s office of Tatarstan on the results of the inspection recognized illegal involvement of students of the ninth grade of Novotroitskaya secondary school to the exercises of the police Department in tukayevsky district. The Department found that 12 teenagers performed the role of conditional violators of public order, and 17 police officers, lined up in a human chain with shields in their hands, practiced actions to stop the break of the chain when confronted with the crowd.

Terms of delivery of the icebreaker “Victor Chernomyrdin” again postponed

Recall, “Viktor Chernomyrdin” was laid in 2012. It is the world’s most powerful diesel-electric icebreaker. Initially, the customer planned to receive the vessel at the end of 2015, but the terms were repeatedly postponed.

Russians will still be able to visit Vietnam without visas

In 2015, a temporary agreement was signed to grant citizens of these countries the right to stay in Vietnam without visas for up to 15 days. Last week, the Vietnamese national tourism administration announced the extension of this agreement for another 3 years-until December 13, 2022.

Trips to the Museum prolong life

Even rare (1-2 times a year) trips to exhibitions and museums reduce the risk of early death by 14%, and visits to museums every few months-by 31%. This is the conclusion of scientists from University College London, their study was published in the scientific journal British Medical Journal.

New requirements are being prepared for hostels

In non-residential premises of apartment buildings it is planned to prohibit the placement of hostels without the consent of neighbors whose apartments are adjacent to this object. This was announced on December 24, the Deputy of the Moscow city Duma Elena Nikolaeva (“My Moscow”) on the results of the round table. According to her, the relevant amendments will be prepared in the Moscow city Duma

The republics of the North Caucasus are not in demand

The republics of the North Caucasus, despite the implementation of a large-scale project turkluster in this Federal district, were among the outsiders of the annual national tourist ranking for 2019. It is compiled by experts of the magazine “Rest in Russia” and The center of information communications “Rating”. Kabardino-Balkaria ranked 67th in the rating of the development of the tourism industry, tourist attractiveness and tourist potential, as well as popularity among Russian and foreign tourists, Chechnya-71st, North Ossetia-76th, Karachay-Cherkessia-78th, Ingushetia-81st. From all subjects the best indicator at Stavropol Krai which has taken the 12th position in the middle of a rating Dagestan — the 47th place is located.

The authors of the rating used for its compilation the following criteria: number of hotels and places in them, the number of travel agents employed in them, the yield of turotrasli, popular with tourists, number of monuments and attractions. In addition, parameters such as the state of crime in the region were taken into account.

As for the leaders of the rating, it, as in previous years, was headed by Moscow, St. Petersburg and the Moscow region. The Nenets Autonomous district, the Jewish Autonomous region and Chukotka became outsiders.

The government is discussing the exit of the Central Bank from the capital of Sberbank

The government is discussing the exit of the Central Bank from the capital of Sberbank, said the first Deputy Prime Minister, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov. “There was information in the press that this issue is being discussed. I can’t tell you anything more now, ” the official added (quoted by TASS). He explained that the regulator, in theory, should not be a party to those organizations for which he oversees.

A person close to the Central Bank, noted that control of the savings Bank could receive, for example, the Federal property management Agency. The Central Bank, the Federal property Agency and the Ministry of economic development then did not respond to requests. Representatives of the Ministry of Finance and Sberbank declined to comment.

Gazprom raised €11.4 billion in the Amur gas processing plant

Gazprom has completed a deal to raise project financing for the construction of the Amur gas processing plant (GPP) for €11.4 billion, the company said in a statement.

The 14 European and Japanese banks will collectively allocate up to €3.66 billion for 17 years and €1 billion for 15 years. Three Chinese banks will open a €3.4 billion credit line for 15 years.

Russian organizations-Gazprombank, Sberbank, VTB, OTKRITIE Bank and VEB. RF state Corporation-provide multi-currency credit lines in the total amount of €1.08 billion and 170 billion rubles. In particular, VEB. RF will allocate up to €500 million.

Spanish Urbaser will Finance the “garbage reform” in the Kaliningrad region

Russia has signed the first agreement with a foreign investor in the framework of the “garbage reform”. For the construction of a large waste sorting complex in the Kaliningrad region, The Russian direct investment Fund, the Spanish Urbaser and a number of other investors will allocate up to 2.9 billion rubles, according to RBC.

Azimut Hotels brand to open in Dagestan city of Kaspiysk

In 2020, Azimut Hotels of Alexander Klyachin intends to open the first branded hotel in the region in Kaspiysk. As reported by the newspaper “Kommersant” with reference to a source in the company, the investment in the process of repurposing the property under a new direction, taken from the local authorities in the management, will exceed 400 million rubles.

Azimut Hotels has been operating since 2004. The main owner of the company is Alexander Klyachin. Now the brand operates 41 hotels in 33 cities of Russia, Germany, Austria and Israel

Moscow exports grew by 15 percent

The volume of non-oil exports of the capital increased by 15% in the first 10 months of 2019 compared to the same period last year. Most often, mechanical equipment, machinery and computers are sent abroad. From January to October has been delivered such goods in the amount of 4.9 billion dollars. Most of the goods are delivered to the UK, Kazakhstan and Belarus. This is reported by the press service of the mayor of Moscow

OTKRITIE Bank will start working on an IPO preparation plan in 2020

Bank “Opening” together with the CBR, which is the main shareholder of the Bank, in January of 2020 will develop a detailed training plan for the initial public offer of its shares on the stock exchange (IPO) in 2021.

The self-employed paid more than 1 billion rubles in taxes in 2019

More than 330 thousand Russians registered as self-employed. The total amount of income tax on professional income exceeded 1 billion rubles. this was reported to journalists by the head of the Federal tax service (FTS) Mikhail Mishustin, RBC correspondent reported.

Siluanov: Russian reserves will last for three years

Russia will have enough accumulated reserves to fulfill budget obligations for three years in the event of a fall in oil prices to $25-30 per barrel, told reporters the first Deputy Prime Minister, Finance Minister Anton Siluanov.

LUKOIL has commissioned a new field in Yamal

LUKOIL has launched a pilot operation of the Yuzhno-Messoyakhskoye gas condensate field in the Bolshekhetskaya depression in the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, the company said in a statement.

Net profit of “Naftogaz of Ukraine” for 9 months

Net profit of NAC “Naftogaz of Ukraine” for the first nine months of 2019 increased by 27% compared to the same period of 2018 and amounted to 915.1 million dollars, the company said.

From an artificial cell for the first time grew a living creature

Chinese researchers reported that they still managed to get a living creature from an artificial cell. For reprogramming was chosen granulosa-cell membrane that surrounds the egg and with it goes into the fallopian tube during ovulation. Previous studies have already shown that the cells of this granulosa are also able to exhibit the properties of stem cells. The experts then obtained artificial germ cells and fertilized them. The result was a living creature, which, according to preliminary studies, does not differ from animals bred naturally.

In Japan arrested the Deputy on suspicion of bribes

Tokyo prosecutors arrested TSUKASA Akimoto, a lawmaker from the ruling liberal democratic party, on Wednesday on suspicion of taking bribes from Chinese companies for lobbying their interests, Kyodo news Agency reported.

Purchased in the United States military tiltrotor placed in the zone of Tokyo

The Japanese defense Ministry intends to place at the base of the land forces in Kisarazu all 17 purchased in the United States Osprey, capable of flying in helicopter and airplane mode. Currently, Japan has already acquired four of these tiltrotor, but they are still in the United States.

Lukashenka threatened to” take away “two pipes of “Friendship” from Russia»

President of Belarus Alexander Lukashenko said that if Minsk and Moscow can not solve the issue of gas and oil prices, Minsk will look for alternative ways of supply, and threatened to “take away” two pipes of the Druzhba oil pipeline.

Russia will return to the project of the American circumlunar station Gateway

Russia has decided to resume negotiations with the us side on participation in the project near-moon station Gateway, said the General Director of “Roscosmos” Dmitry Rogozin. According to him, the state Corporation received a draft Memorandum from the United States and confirmed its readiness for negotiations.

S-300 systems intercepted hypersonic targets

As stated by the head of the military air defense of the armed forces of the Russian Federation Alexander Leonov, the cover of groups of troops and objects of the rear from the attacks of hypersonic weapons is of great importance.

“Conducted military-technical experiments have confirmed the capabilities of the system S-300V4 to combat these types of targets,” – said the newspaper “Red star” Lieutenant General.

Russian missile cruiser “Marshal Ustinov” entered the Black sea

The black sea Straits was a missile cruiser of the Northern fleet of the Russian Navy “Marshal Ustinov”. This is reported by the press service of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation. On Wednesday, December 25, the ship should arrive in the main base of the black sea fleet – Sevastopol.

The OSCE announced the number of victims in the Donbass

“Since the beginning of 2019, the Special monitoring mission has confirmed 145 civilian casualties: 18 dead, 127 wounded,” the report said. It is noted that over the past year, the number of civilian casualties has decreased significantly.

Near Nizhny Tagil began the work of a Single center for testing drones

In the Sverdlovsk region, a Single center for testing unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) was put into operation on the basis of the Nizhny Tagil Institute for testing metals (NTIIM). According to the Director General of the Institute Nikolai Smirnov, the Ural civil aviation plant is testing UAVs “Outpost” and “Outpost-R” in the institution.

“The reconstruction work has been completed, the Ural civil aviation plant is the only one who works at this landfill,” Nikolai Smirnov told TASS.

Electronics Manufacturers are not ready to be responsible for the operation of devices with Russian SOFTWARE

The Association of trade companies and producers of electrical and computer equipment (RATEK; unites Apple, Samsung, Philips, LG, etc.) proposed to extend the responsibility for the stability of smartphones, computers and smart TV sets to software manufacturers and fix it in the law “on consumer protection”.

The entry into force from July 2020 of the rules on the pre-installation of domestic software on smartphones, computers and TV can lead to problems with the stability of these devices, warn electronics manufacturers and retailers..

Trump called it an honor to appear in the film ” home Alone 2»

The American leader’s answer to the question about his favorite movie of the new year holidays during a video call with the military was broadcast by C-Span.

“It’s a good film, and I was, to put it mildly, younger. And it was an honor to do that, ” he said. Trump noted that many children are more likely to notice him not on TV, but in the film, especially on Christmas day.

In the 1992 film “home Alone 2,” trump played a cameo role in which he helped the main character-the boy Kevin-find his way to the hotel lobby.

The film Fund has approved projects that will receive state support in Russia

It is noted that the state support will receive “flying ship” (“TPO ” Rock”), Chuk and Huck (“film company ” Metronome film”), “Prince” (Studio “panorama”), “Garbage” (“Studio Metrafilms”), ” nepokoy “(Studio “ball”).

Earlier it was reported that the Board of the film Foundation approved 21 projects of cinematography organizations, whose projects will receive state support.

In particular, the financing approved films “Rabies” (“Backup”), ” Hansel and Gretel “(“Vizart film”), “city Day” (“Famously!”) and ” save Kolya!”(“Motor film Studio”). Partially refundable and partially irrevocable funding will receive, in particular, the picture “Hotel Belgrade” (“start Studio”), “my Happiness” (“2D Celluloid”) and “Pilot” (“Interfest”). Under the condition of one hundred percent return, the Fund will Finance the pictures: “Amanat”, “Mistresses 2” (Revolution Film), “Ice 2” (Hydrogen 2011), “Eleven silent men” (“Pimanov and partners”).

Also, the film Fund will support the film “Palma” about a dog that waits for the owner at the plane ramp, the animated film “Hermitage Cats”, which is planned to be shown abroad, and the fictional detective “Execution” about the Soviet serial killer Andrei Chikatilo.

“Musical evenings in the hall of Vrubel” Tretyakov gallery

From December 26, 2019 to April 9, 2020, the Tretyakov gallery will host “Musical evenings in the Vrubel hall”. Young, extraordinarily gifted pianists will appear on the stage – Arseny moon, Hyuk Lee, Nikolai khoziainov, Anna Tsybuleva and Konstantin Emelyanov. Surrounded by the works of Mikhail Vrubel, the musicians will perform solo programs. The broadcast of the concerts will be available online in the social networks of the Tretyakov gallery.

Skriptonit released a new album ” 2004»

The new album was released by Adil Zhalelov, known as Skriptonit. The work was called “2004” and included 24 tracks. Songs from them 16, else-interludes and “small greetings” from friends rap-an Executive.

Sculpture for the 100th anniversary of the Vakhtangov Theater will be installed in Moscow

A sculpture dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the Vakhtangov Theatre will appear in Moscow. The idea was supported by the Commission on monumental art, reports the Agency “Moscow”. In front of the theater may appear another monument to its Creator

MTS has developed a smart speaker and voice assistant

MTS has developed a smart speaker with a voice assistant “Marvin” and a smart home system. Its sales will begin in the first half of 2020. About it report “Vedomosti” with reference to the letter of the Director of the center of artificial intelligence of MTS Arkady Sandler

Huawei P40 Pro camera will be equipped with 16x optical zoom

Earlier it was reported that the camera Huawei P40 Pro will receive 10x optical zoom. At the moment, the network has new data. The new information was provided by an insider, citing sources close to Huawei. It is possible that the range of focal lengths of the lens of the periscope module is 16-260 mm. It follows that the camera will receive a 16x optical zoom with an unfixed lens aperture-F/1,6-4,0.

SWIFT has launched a platform for the exchange of data on clients-legal entities

“SWIFT has announced the launch of the KYC-Know Your Customer global registry for swift-connected corporations, enabling them to manage and share KYC data with their banking partners around the world. The commissioning was carried out after a successful test period with the participation of 18 leading corporations, including BMW, Spotify and Unilever, with the support of 16 global banks, interacting with more than 7,000 corporate customers through the SWIFT network, ” the company said in a statement.

China in the far East was opened by the stock exchange of the Russian forest

In Vladivostok, on Tuesday, December 24, a new exchange of Russian timber for export began working.

Participants in the first auction were companies from China, said Alexey Rybnikov, President of the St. Petersburg international commodity exchange (Spbmtsb), which organized the auction.

“We will try to make sure that all bidders do not face the problem of long registration of their goods,” promised the Governor of Primorye Oleg Kozhemyako.

Russia will allocate almost $5 million for the program to reduce child mortality in the DPRK

Russia will allocate $ 4.8 million to reduce child morbidity and mortality in the DPRK. This was reported on the page of the Russian Embassy in North Korea in “Facebook”.

It is noted that on December 25, Ambassador Alexander Matsegora handed over to the Ambassador-at-large of the DPRK foreign Ministry Lee Hyun-Sik a corresponding note in which Pyongyang is informed about the order of the Russian government on participation in the project of the UN children’s Fund (UNICEF).

“Lee Hyun-Sik assured that this message will be immediately brought to the attention of the government of the DPRK,” the report said.

 

Exactly 40 years ago — December 25, 1979-the Afghan war began. It lasted more than nine years, becoming the longest war in the history of Russia of the XX century.

 

In the American city of Wausau were allowed to play in the snow.

In the city of Wausau (Wisconsin) allowed to play snowballs after almost 50-year ban.

Since 1962, the city has had a law prohibiting people from throwing stones, snowballs, or other things that could injure another person.

The Russian government has proposed to reduce the revenue threshold by half

The Russian government has proposed to reduce the revenue threshold twice, when reaching which a store, cafe or taxi company must give the customer the opportunity to pay with a card, and to extend the requirement for accepting cards to online stores and aggregator sites.

The threshold for the annual revenue of the trade and service enterprise (now 40 million rubles) is planned to be reduced to 30 million rubles for the previous year from September 1, 2020 and to 20 million from January 1, 2021

A change in the Constitution was almost inevitable.

The Russian Constitution needs to be corrected in order to solve the problem of the lack of communication between the levels of public power in the country, said state Duma speaker Vyacheslav Volodin. According to him, the Constitution is a “living instrument” that should correspond to the level of development of society.

“This applies not only to the balance of the branches of government, but also to local self-government. Today there is no connection between the levels of public power»

The Chairman of the lower house of Parliament said that the deputies have already discussed this topic with experts. Volodin believes that “if there is an opportunity, it would be right to continue this conversation and come up with some specific proposals.”

“Everyone has a feeling that we need to improve the Constitution, even if it is a point, but the changes will definitely benefit our citizens,” he said

With a cry of ” Merry Christmas!»

In Colorado springs, USA, 65-year-old David Oliver entered the Academy Bank building around noon on December 23. Claiming to be armed, Oliver took cash from the Bank’s cash register — how much, it is not specified. Outside, he scattered the bills, shouting ” Merry Christmas!”Then Oliver went to the nearest Starbucks, where he waited for the police.

As the Denver Post adds, he did not order anything at the coffee shop, and the staff and visitors did not pay attention to him. When arrested, Oliver did not resist, police said. He had no weapon.

The military-industrial complex pulls the Russian economy to the bottom

The conversion of enterprises of the military-industrial complex is moving at an insufficient pace, and many difficulties are associated with the lack of appropriate conditions in the market for military products, said Russian President Vladimir Putin.

According to him, today the defense industry enterprises are still loaded with a significant state defense order, but “what is being done is not enough, it is true. We still have a large defense order. As usual, until the thunder breaks, the man will not cross himself.”

The President noted that “I have already said a hundred times”, and meetings are held regularly, but “there are some progress, but they are insufficient.” “It is difficult for them to get rid of this paternalism-they sit on the defense order. It is necessary to think about it, of course,” the head of state concluded.

Improve the business climate in Russia

Russian President Vladimir Putin called the priorities of legislative activity for 2020. According to him, it is the improvement of the business climate and the creation of effective tools to attract and protect investments. There will also be a serious revision and updating of the procedures of control and Supervisory activities — “regulatory guillotine”.

How coffee, cigarettes and alcohol affect sleep quality

Experts from the United States have tried to analyze in detail the effects of caffeine, nicotine and alcohol on the body, preparing for bed. For fourteen years, they observed changes in sleep patterns and monitored the consumption of coffee, alcoholic beverages and cigarette Smoking in a group of 785 people. Special wrist sensors were used to collect data.

So, people who during the experiment smoked at least one cigarette before going to bed, on average, did not get enough sleep for 42 minutes. About the same goes for alcohol. But coffee, as it turned out, does not have such a significant impact on the quality of sleep, as previously assumed.

The photon was teleported from one chip to another chip

In 2014, scientists were already producing quantum teleportation of a photon-within a single silicon chip. Now the physicists told us that for the first time they managed to teleport from one chip to another, located ten meters away

From metal nanowires created a neuromorphic network

Japanese researchers were able to create a neuromorphic network consisting of numerous metal nanowires. Such a network was able to remember and forget information, as well as move from a state of calm to vigilance

Visual neurons “watching” a movie all together

As previously known, visual signals run into the primary visual cortex from the retina along the optic nerve. It is believed that the neurons of the visual cortex are focused each on its own narrow task. To put it simply, there are, for example, cells that work only with the information that is responsible for the contrast between black and white, or movement, and not movement at all, but only from right to left, etc.as a result, the picture of the world comes to the brain as if disassembled, but in General it is collected in completely different parts of the cortex.

But now researchers from the Allen brain Institute believe that all these ideas about the superspecialization of neurons in the primary visual cortex are mostly exaggerated. They “watch” movies all together.

Predictions for irregular fluctuations in plankton abundance

Scientists have long been trying to create a mathematical model that can predict irregular fluctuations in the abundance of plankton and other aquatic life in specific ecosystems. It turns out that this is incredibly difficult, because in the calculations of such models have to lay the parameters that can not be calculated. Researchers from the Institute of theoretical and experimental Biophysics of the Russian Academy of Sciences solved this problem without complex formulas with unknowns, relying on the method of analyzing time series data obtained from monitoring lakes in Belarus. The results are published in the collection “Advanced Mathematical Methods in Biosciences and Applications”.

Scientists have found out how the time of day affects memory

Japanese scientists have identified a gene in rodents that is probably responsible for memory. It turned out that it is also associated with biological rhythms. Rodents better remember items shown on the eve of the time of awakening (in the evening) for the first time, and when they should fall asleep again.

The authors evaluated the ability to memorize the rodents spent on re-familiarization with the subject of time. Presumably, memory selectivity is related to the BMAL1 protein-encoding gene. Animals without this gene in the DNA memorized items worse, writes Science Focus.