16 Фев, 2022

One of the causes of permafrost melting

The UN has called the current global warming the worst in 200,000 years. Petteri Taalas — Secretary General of one of the UN structures, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) — believes that it is caused by intensive burning of coal, oil and gas and threatens to increase humidity or drought in different regions and active melting of glaciers.

According to the World Health Organization, up to 7 million people become victims of air pollution in the world every year. In addition, the environment suffers. Black carbon, for example, is one of the causes of permafrost melting.

Black carbon is the smallest particles of soot that are formed as a result of incomplete combustion. Its main sources are the processes of combustion of wood, coal, gas and oil products, as well as vehicle exhausts, stove heating and forest fires.

<<< News Feed February 16, 2022 >>>

More than a quarter of the world’s rivers contain dangerous concentrations of medicines. This conclusion was reached by scientists from the University of York in a study published in the journal PNAS. They analyzed the water in 258 rivers for the presence of 61 pharmaceuticals. In 25.7% of cases, the content of one of the substances exceeds safe limits and threatens local living organisms.

The most common contaminants are paracetamol, caffeine, antidiabetic and antiallergic drugs, and antibiotics such as sulfamethoxazole and metronidazole. The highest concentration of the latter, more than 300 times the safe value, was recorded in Barisal, Bangladesh. Such contamination leads to persistent resistance of bacteria and microbes to antibiotics.

In Europe, most of the medicines are in the reservoirs of Madrid, Sofia, Brussels, Luxembourg, Tübingen, Glasgow, Vienna and London. The situation is worst in Asia and Africa, where the population cannot afford modern water purification technologies.

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By 2030, a significant number of Chinese educational institutions should become the best in the world, and by 2035, China wants to become a world educational power.

China’s Ministry of Education has released a plan to improve university teaching and develop a wide range of disciplines to support the country’s economic development. It lists 147 universities and over 300 disciplines, from science and engineering to the social sciences.

The goals are to stimulate top talent, improve China’s international competitiveness, meet national strategic needs, and encourage interdisciplinary research.

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The Tagansky Court of Moscow upheld the appointment of Meta Platforms (which owns the social networks Facebook and Instagram) a turnover fine of almost 2 billion rubles for not deleting prohibited information.

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Since January, the cost of making a will at a notary has increased in Russia: in the first month of 2022, the service has risen in price by 18.1% on average across the country, follows from Rosstat data on January inflation. Such a monthly growth was a record for the entire history of monitoring the price dynamics for the certification of wills, which have been conducted by Rosstat since 2009. A similar growth was recorded only in January 2015 — by 17.95%.

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The Belgian government has agreed on a package of labor reforms, reports The Brussels Times. In particular, they provide that people will be able to work four days a week, but their working hours will be increased.

It is also planned to allow people to work more one week and less the next. According to the authorities, this will help workers better manage their personal lives.

Companies with more than 20 employees will have to respect the right of employees to turn off the phone after hours. Since February 1, this rule has been introduced for federal civil servants.

The reforms will also provide more protection for workers who work with online services such as Uber, Deliveroo and Just Eat Takeaway — that is, drivers and couriers. Earlier, the European Commission made the same proposal.

Not so long ago, an experiment to reduce the working week to four days was completed in Iceland. He is recognized as extremely successful.

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The Russian State Duma has asked President Vladimir Putin to consider recognizing the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics (DNR and LNR) as sovereign states. Contrary to forecasts, of the two alternative draft resolutions prepared by the Communist Party of the Russian Federation and United Russia (ER), the document of the communists was approved.

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Putin did not directly answer the question of whether the State Duma’s appeal would support recognition of the LDNR: “I will proceed from the fact that everything is done to solve the problems of Donbass”

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French President Emmanuel Macron asked Russian President Vladimir Putin «not to recognize the independence» of the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics (DPR and LPR), CNN reports, citing the Elysee Palace. Earlier today, on February 15, the State Duma approved a resolution on an appeal to the President of Russia on the need to recognize the DPR and LPR.

“We continue to monitor the situation and ask you not to fulfill the request of the Duma,” a representative of the Elysee Palace told reporters.

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Russia’s recognition of the DPR and LPR will be a political disaster and a violation of the Minsk agreements, Scholz said

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Australian scientists have tested bionic eyes on sheep — the device transmits images to the retina from cameras on glasses. The creators of the device have already submitted documents to obtain permission to start human trials of the technology.

The Phoenix 99 wirelessly transmits images from a small camera on sunglasses as electrical signals to the retina. After that, they are processed by the optic nerve and redirected to the brain. The device helps bypass faulty retinal cells and activate those that still work.

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Biden’s speech on the situation around Ukraine. The main thing:

  • The United States is ready for both diplomacy and a decisive response to a possible “Russian aggression” against Ukraine
  • The United States is ready to fix written security agreements with Russia if they are reached
  • The United States cannot yet confirm the withdrawal of Russian troops from the border with Ukraine, but if it happens, it would be good
  • The United States would welcome the return of Russian troops to their places of permanent deployment after the exercises
  • The US and NATO do not pose a threat to Russia, they do not have missiles in Ukraine and they do not plan to deploy them there
  • “Citizens of Russia are not enemies for the United States”

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The reduction in Yandex’s net profit in 2021 was 55%. The company explains the fall with large-scale investments in online commerce and media services. At the same time, due to the growth of e-commerce, Yandex’s non-advertising revenue exceeded advertising

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SpaceX will fly three new privately-crewed missions commissioned by billionaire Jared Isaacman, who organized the first such mission in the fall of 2021. The first flight under the Polaris program will take place on Crew Dragon and will include the first spacewalk of a space tourist, and the astronauts will go on the third flight on Starship

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Delays in the import of fruits, vegetables and products of their processing due to increased checks by Rospotrebnadzor cause serious concerns for retailers and processors. Business is asking First Deputy Prime Minister Andrey Belousov to partially ease or abolish control, which otherwise threatens to increase prices and shortages. Rospotrebnadzor says that checks are necessary for consumer safety, and the process for issuing batches has already been “optimized”.

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The US authorities are ready to record security agreements with Russia in writing if they are reached, US President Joe Biden said. He added that neither the United States nor NATO have deployed missiles on Ukrainian territory and do not plan to do so.

“Let me be clear about what we don’t do. The United States and NATO are not a threat to Russia. Ukraine does not threaten Russia. The US and NATO do not have missiles in Ukraine. We have no plans to place them there,” Mr. Biden said during his speech.

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The Yemeni information center Al-Alam al-Harbi published footage of the Yemeni army’s drone strikes on strategic positions in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates.

In its latest statement last Thursday, the Yemeni army announced that it had attacked a key military installation at Abha International Airport in southwestern Saudi Arabia.

Sana’a has always stated that it will continue missile and drone strikes against strategic targets in Saudi Arabia and the UAE as long as the Saudi coalition continues its attacks on Yemen.

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The Defense News website writes that the Iraqi army intends to purchase several types of weapons, including Rafale fighter jets, drones and artillery from France, as well as Russian T-90 tanks, negotiations are underway in this regard. France also offered to sell 20 UAVs to Iraq.

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Ukraine has requested international assistance from NATO in the event of possible «large-scale emergencies of a different nature» that may affect the civilian population, the press service of the Alliance reported.

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Scientists have found that green light can help with migraines. During the two and a half months of the experiment, most of its participants said that headaches began to bother them at least 50% less often. People were irradiated daily for two hours.

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The Taliban terrorist organization (a terrorist organization banned in Russia) intends to increase the size of the army to 150 thousand people. This was announced by the press secretary of the Ministry of Defense Khavarizmi in an interview with Bakhtar.

Army strength in Central Asia:
Kazakhstan — 132 thousand people
Uzbekistan is 50 thousand people.
Turkmenistan — 22 thousand,
Kyrgyzstan — 11 thousand people.
Tajikistan — 9 thousand

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In Russia, buildings will be demolished element by element, and waste will be sorted on the spot. This is spelled out in the amended rules for the demolition of buildings, which were approved by the Ministry of Construction. The changes were made taking into account the renovation program planned in Russia. They are also designed to reduce the negative impact on the environment during the demolition of buildings.

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Alisher Usmanov acquired eight IT companies of the Forpost group involved in the digitalization of enterprises, blockchain and Big Data. The oligarch-controlled USM Telecom, whose CEO recently became Boris Dobrodeev from Mail.ru Group, has taken over 99% of Forpost. Dobrodeev’s chair at Mail.ru Group (now VK) was taken by Vladimir Kiriyenko, the son of Sergei Kiriyenko, deputy head of the presidential administration. Prior to his appointment to VK, Vladimir Kiriyenko served as First Vice President of Rostelecom in 2017.

According to the Forpost Group’s own assessment, «the total number of employees working in the companies exceeds 2,400 people, and the geography of the business covers more than 10 regions of Russia.»

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List of equipment and facilities that Ukraine requested from NATO. Ukraine, in particular, requests:

  • Engineering equipment (bulldozers, cranes, trucks).
  • Transport (SUVs).
  • More than 30 radiation and chemical reconnaissance vehicles.
  • Mine detectors and demining equipment.
  • Water filtration equipment, power generators.
  • More than 70 thousand chemical protection suits, more than 30 thousand dosimeters.
  • Communication facilities (about 20 thousand radio stations of various types).

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Kommersant learned about a new accusation against the ex-director of the Antipinsky Oil Refinery. Gennady Lisovichenko was on the international wanted list due to allegations of abuse of power, and in January he was detained in Italy. Now he’s also accused of fraud.

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The Russian government plans to oblige foreign video game distribution platforms, including Steam, PlayStation Store and Epic Games Store, to transfer 5% of the turnover in Russia to the budget to support the patriotic video game fund. This was reported by Kommersant, citing a source in the Cabinet of Ministers.

“According to the preliminary concept, it is planned to introduce a fee of 5% of sales in Russia for foreign platforms for the digital distribution of video games, such as Steam, Xbox Games Store, PlayStation Store and others,” he said and noted that the government expects to provide the fund with up to 10 billion rubles receipts per year.

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Moscow, the Moscow Region and St. Petersburg are the leaders among Russian regions in terms of overdue mortgage debt, follows from a review of the housing lending market, posted on February 15 on the website of the Bank of Russia. Outside the capital region, the highest level of delinquency is in the Krasnodar Territory, the Tyumen Region and the Krasnoyarsk Territory.

The volume of mortgage debt overdue as of January 1, 2022 by 90 days or more in Moscow is 9.045 billion rubles. Similar indicators of the Moscow region and St. Petersburg are, respectively, 5.942 billion and 2.697 billion rubles.

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In the Tverskoy district of Moscow, the average price per square meter in the segment of elite new buildings for the first time in the history of the capital’s housing market exceeded 2 million rubles, Metrium analysts calculated. In another district (Yakimanka), the same figure reached 1.99 million rubles. In general, the price in elite new buildings in Moscow increased on average by 46% over the year to 1.43 million rubles per square meter.

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Facebook will pay users affected by the actions of the social network $ 90 million. The company must also delete all data that it has collected without the consent of people. The social network refused to admit guilt, but agreed to pay the money to avoid courts in the future.

Users have accused Facebook of wiretapping using cookie plugins. These plugins also tracked visits to pages on external sites that have Facebook’s «Like» buttons. The company then passed this data on to advertisers.

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In New York, an American woman was able to recover from the human immunodeficiency virus after she was transplanted with mutated stem cells that can block the spread of HIV. It is reported by The Wall Street Journal with reference to the deputy head of the department of infectious diseases Weill Cornell Medicine and the New York Presbyterian.

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The volume of Russian investments in US government securities in December 2021 increased compared to the previous month and amounted to $3.91 billion. This follows from the documents of the US Treasury published on Tuesday.

In November, this figure was estimated at $2.409 billion. In December, long-term bonds in Russian investments accounted for $102 million, and short-term bonds for $3.808 billion. In November, the first indicator was estimated at $101 million, and the second at $2.3 billion. Thus, investments in long treasuries grew 1.6 times in December.

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FAS initiated a case against Surgutneftegaz, seeing its dominant position in the gasoline market in a number of regions. Gasoline in Russia has risen in price by 8.8% over the past year, outpacing inflation

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29,691 Russians live in Turkish Antalya on a permanent basis, news-turk.ru reports. Next, Russia is followed by Kazakhstan — 18 thousand 214 people. Iran ranks third with 11,620 people, Germany fourth with 11,328 people and Kyrgyzstan closes the top five with 9,331 citizens with a residence permit.

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The Federal Penitentiary Service demanded a tougher preventive measure for Natalya Tyshkevich, a defendant in the DOXA case, and asked the court to send her to a pre-trial detention center because of a visit to the dentist a day earlier than allowed by the judge

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The Deputy Head of the Ministry of Digital Development of Russia denied Kommersant’s information about the imposition of a tax on foreign digital video game stores. The department explained that funds for projects of domestic developers will be attracted through investments

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The head of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, said that in the event of a reduction in gas supplies from Russia, the EU will cope with difficulties, since special measures are provided for in this regard.

Ursula von der Leyen told reporters: Our models for a partial disruption or further reduction of gas supplies by Gazprom show that we are now rather in a safe situation.

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As Press TV reported, citing a statement from the British Universities and Colleges Union (UCU), on Monday, the first day of the strike, a large number of university workers held pickets in Glasgow and London.

Employees from 44 universities, including Cambridge, Leeds and Edinburgh, have joined the strike this week to protest «brutal pension cuts».

As many as 50,000 employees from about 70 universities are expected to quit next week due to employers’ offer, causing the average employee to lose 35% of their retirement savings.

«It’s outrageous that instead of trying to resolve this issue, employers are finding new ways to withhold wages from university workers,» complains one striker.

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The EU has condemned the Russian State Duma’s call to recognize the «DPR» and «LPR» and believes that this would be a violation of the Minsk agreements. EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell said:

  • The EU categorically condemns the decision of the State Duma of the Russian Federation to call on President Putin to recognize the independence of the non-government-controlled parts of the Donetsk and Lugansk regions of Ukraine. Such recognition would be a clear violation of the Minsk agreements.
  • The EU’s support and commitment to the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognized borders remains unwavering.
  • We call on Russia to fulfill its obligations and participate in good faith in the Normandy format and the Trilateral Contact Group.

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Foreign ministers of the G7 countries will hold an emergency meeting this week, which will be devoted to the situation around Ukraine, sources from the Japanese agency Kyodo said.

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For several years, employees from the plant of JSC MMP im. Chernyshev» secretly exported parts from military aircraft. The damage was estimated at 17.7 million rubles.

Gazeta.Ru found out that the investigation began in 2019, when the FSB detained a former military man who was an intermediary in the resale of parts. He made a deal with the investigation and uncovered an illegal supply chain.

There were ten people in the dock: nine former employees of the plant and an engineer from the Soyuz bureau. According to the FSB of the Russian Federation, from 2017 to 2019, the defendants stole several hundred parts from the enterprise: turbine blades, bushings, fuel pipelines, levers, plugs and receivers.

Six defendants in the case pleaded guilty, three refused.

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MIT and Shanghai University have developed a salt water desalination device that does not require the use of filters or membranes. It can be assembled from cheap materials with a total cost of less than five dollars (about 300 rubles) and provide a small family with daily drinking water. The scientists described their invention in the journal Nature.

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Putin signed a law on the possibility of privatizing land near water bodies. The document allows citizens and legal entities to privatize land plots located in the second zone of sanitary protection zones of water supply sources.

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