20 Фев, 2022

Russian imports in 2021

In Russian commodity imports ($293 billion in 2021), the first place in terms of value is statistically occupied by purchases of various goods that the Federal Customs Service does not publicly distribute according to commodity codes to ensure confidentiality (more than $13 billion).

Imports of goods to Russia from the United States, which hovered around the $13 billion mark in the previous few years, rose to $16.9 billion in 2021, the highest level since 2014. In addition to the estimated supply of civil aviation and aviation components for more than $5 billion, Russia imported from America pharmaceutical products ($1.4 billion), cars ($1.2), engines and gas turbines (about $770 million), instruments for physical or chemical analysis , including spectrometers, smoke analyzers, etc. ($173 million).

In 2021, Russia imported $7.7 billion worth of cell phones, mainly from China ($5.9 billion) and Vietnam ($1.4 billion), according to the FCS data.

Imports to Russia from Ukraine in recent years have been steadily at $4-5 billion and are mainly represented by rolled steel (about $700 million in 2021) and powdered aluminum oxide ($673 million), which is used in the production of abrasives, artificial gems, as a catalyst and etc.

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Volodymyr Zelenskyy announced at the Munich Security Conference that he would initiate consultations within the framework of the Budapest Memorandum.

If the summit of the countries participating in the Budapest Memorandum does not take place or does not provide Ukraine with security guarantees, then the document will be recognized by Ukraine as invalid along with the clauses that were signed in 1994, the President said.

The Budapest Memorandum, according to which Ukraine eliminated its nuclear arsenal, and Russia, the United States and Great Britain guaranteed Kiev’s security


Poland considers it necessary not only to prevent the launch of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, but also insists on shutting down the first Nord Stream gas pipeline, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said.

“We strongly oppose the launch of Nord Stream 2, and also to consider turning off Nord Stream … Then Putin will not be able to attack Ukraine so easily if he depends on fulfilling his contracts and pumping gas through Ukraine «


The Swiss airline Swiss Airlines has suspended flights to Ukraine until February 28, a company representative said, Swissinfo reports.


The operator of the gas transmission system of Ukraine has strengthened security measures and protection of gas pipelines due to «Russian aggression», the head of the company Sergey Makogon told RBC.


The Budapest Memorandum, according to which the three nuclear powers act as guarantors of the territorial integrity of Ukraine, has no legal obligations. This was stated by the German Ambassador to Kiev, Anka Feldhusen, reports 24tv.ua.

“The Budapest Memorandum is really a format without legal obligations under international law. But I think that now you need to try everything to avoid war, ”she said.


Northrop Grumman’s Antares rocket successfully launched the Cygnus cargo spacecraft on its way to the International Space Station (ISS) into orbit on Saturday, the US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) said. Cygnus is supposed to deliver about 3.7 tons of cargo to the ISS, including food, as well as equipment and materials for dozens of scientific studies.


This $9,800 drone to fly around people and sensitive equipment

Cleo Robotics has created the Dronut X1 drone, which uses propellers hidden in the body to eliminate the possibility of propellers colliding with surrounding objects.

It is assumed that the drone will be used to inspect the condition of engineering structures and equipment in tight, dark rooms with a large number of obstacles. In addition, Dronut can be useful for police and rescuers.

In addition to the drone, the kit includes a rechargeable battery and a hand-held joystick controller. The cost of the device is 9,800 dollars


Japanese scientists, together with colleagues from the University of Neuchâtel in Switzerland and the Max Planck Institute in Germany, conducted a mirror test for cleaner wrasses. 17 out of 18 wrasses or 94% of the fish passed the test. The results of the study are published in the journal PLOS Biology.

The mirror test is the main identifier of self-awareness. During the experiment, a stain of odorless paint is discreetly applied to the subject. The mark is left on that part of the body that the animal cannot see on its own. Next, they show him a mirror. A participant in a successful experiment usually first shows aggression and only then recognizes himself in it.

This experiment is successful in primates, dolphins, crows, magpies, pigs, humans over 18 months old, and even ants. There is also evidence of manta rays, giant stingrays, identifying themselves in a mirror, but the study was considered controversial.


Researchers from the US National Institute of Standards and Technology have found that gravitational time dilation is applicable even to micro-objects that obey the laws of quantum physics. They were based on one of the conclusions of the general theory of relativity, which states that time in the presence of gravitational fields of different strengths and when moving at high speed flows non-uniformly. This has been previously confirmed by other scientific experiments.


According to the China Labor Bulletin, there were 1,093 worker strikes in 2021, more than 200 more than in 2020.

Construction workers account for the largest share of strikes (38 percent). Evergrande hit the headlines last year for unpaid wages. Workers have been on strike claiming they have not been paid at 11 Evergrande construction sites.

Looking at the trends of the last five years, the share of strikes involving manufacturing workers has decreased from 20% in 2017 to 5% in 2021. The share of strikes involving service workers remained relatively stable at 15-20 percent. Strikes in the transport sector have risen from 10 percent in 2017 to 35 percent in 2021.

Government intervention in strikes and labor negotiations has risen to about half of all incidents last year. The number of cases in which trade unions are involved is still very low. Since 2015, Xi Jinping has been talking about the need to reform the official trade union so that it becomes a representative of the interests of workers.

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