16 Ноя, 2021

Small business in Russia in 2021

In the first half of 2021, the turnover of small businesses in Russia, according to Rosstat, amounted to 11.5 percent of the total volume of small, medium and large enterprises. This share has become a historical anti-record, the lowest value since 2008, when the statistical office began publishing such estimates, writes Vedomosti.

In absolute terms, the turnover of small businesses compared to the same period in 2020 increased by 18 percent, to 13.7 trillion rubles. But medium and large businesses increased their revenue even higher. The maximum share of small businesses in the total volume was in the first half of 2017 — 18.2 percent.

As stated in the survey of the Institute for Integrated Strategic Research and Development (ICSI), the reason for this decline is the lack of government support for the sector. In August 2021, its volume was 20 percent lower (16.1 billion rubles) than in the same month in 2019, and the number of recipients was 47 percent less (24.3 thousand).

Experts note that in many respects such dynamics is associated with a sharp increase in income from enterprises in the extractive industries, but this does not cancel the problems of the sector. Small business is tied to incomes of the population, and they practically did not change with inflation rising by more than eight percent. At the same time, the cost of industrial goods since the beginning of the year has risen by 23 percent, so that the profitability of small enterprises has significantly decreased.

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Vladimir Putin signed a decree recognizing in Russia certificates of origin of goods issued in the DPR and LPR and allowing them on an equal basis with Russian ones before state purchases. The document also cancels export and import quotas for goods moved from Russia to the DPR / LPR and vice versa. The decree will remain in effect until a political settlement in Donbass based on the Minsk agreements.

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CSR expert Ksenia Bannikova called RIA Novosti five advantages for Donbass from Putin’s decree:

It is possible to export Russian goods to the territory of the DPR and LPR in any quantities, even if Russia restricts exports to other countries

The goods from the DPR and LPR are not subject to quantitative restrictions imposed by Russia on imports

Goods from the DPR and LPR are allowed to public procurement on equal terms with Russian goods: they will be considered not foreign, but equated to domestic

Now in Russia a document stating that the goods were produced in the DPR or LPR will have an official status (previously only Ukrainian certificates were recognized)

Goods from the DPR and LPR are removed from the «anti-sanctions» — both general and in relation to goods from Ukraine.

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Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba said that Kiev is awaiting condemnation from the FRG and France of Putin’s decree on the access of goods from the DPR and LPR to the Russian market, since it considers it to be contrary to the Minsk agreements.

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The Foreign Minister of the Federal Republic of Germany said that Berlin will advocate the return of migrants in Belarus to the countries from where they came

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A statement on the refusal of Gaddafi’s son to register for elections in Libya was published by a CEC employee who opposes his candidacy, a source in the commission told RIA Novosti. The head of the Libyan CEC ordered the post to be removed when it was noticed.

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The head of Naftogaz said that the company will take part in the certification procedure for the Nord Stream 2 operator, this decision was made by the German regulator

The German regulator confirmed that the Ukrainian «Naftogaz» and «Operator GTS» were admitted to the certification of Nord Stream 2 AG without the right of veto

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Russia believes that there is no need to bring the situation on the Polish-Belarusian border to the UN sites, said the Deputy Representative to the UN

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Merkel and Lukashenko held their first telephone conversation since the 2020 elections in Belarus. Merkel said earlier that she would not recognize Lukashenka’s victory in the elections. In today’s announcement by the FRG Cabinet of Ministers about the telephone conversation, Alexander Lukashenko is simply called «Mr. Lukashenko.»

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The US State Department said that Russia «recklessly» tested anti-satellite weapons, Washington, together with allies will work out a response

The Pentagon claims that anti-satellite weapons being developed by Russia threaten the United States and other space powers. The American military department said that the world needs common norms for the development of near-earth space.
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The United States believes that it is too early to talk about more predictable and stable relations with the Russian Federation in the development of the Putin-Biden summit, the State Department said.

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The US is preparing a new package of sanctions against Belarus due to the situation with migrants, the State Department said

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The hatches between the main modules of the ISS will be closed all Tuesday due to the risks associated with space debris, according to the US Mission Control Center. A source in the rocket and space industry, meanwhile, told RIA Novosti that on Tuesday Rogozin will discuss with representatives of NASA the topic of space debris.

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Biden signed the US Infrastructure Investment Act — $ 1.2 trillion over 10 years.

The infrastructure plan includes hundreds of billions of dollars for roads and bridges, clean energy infrastructure, broadband internet, plumbing, seaports and airports. These are the largest investments of this kind in recent history. The Biden administration believes that this will help the United States compete with other countries, primarily China.

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Fujitsu’s Japanese supercomputer Fugaku has been named the world’s best for the 4th time in a row, according to a report by the TOP500 international expert group.

Fugaku is a joint project of the Japanese Research Institute of Physical and Chemical Research RIKEN and Fujitsu. It performs over 400 quadrillion operations per second. This is almost 3 times more than the Summit supercomputer of the American National Laboratory «Oak Ridge», which occupied the 1st place in the ranking until June 2020 with an indicator of 148.6 quadrillion operations per second.

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The virtual summit of Biden and Xi Jinping has begun, the Central Television of China reports.

China and the United States must cooperate, not only resolve their internal affairs, but also fulfill international obligations, Xi Jinping said at a meeting with Biden

At a virtual meeting, Biden reminded Xi Jinping of his responsibility to the world, proposed setting acceptable restrictions for everyone (for example, on climate) and said that he was counting on an open conversation with the leader of the People’s Republic of China.

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At a meeting of the EU Council on Foreign Affairs, the foreign ministers of the EU countries reached a political agreement on the application of the fifth package of sanctions against Belarus, said Latvian Foreign Minister Edgars Rinkevics.

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The Ohio attorney general has demanded $ 100 billion from Meta in court, claiming that it is misleading about the negative impact of its products on children, according to the Wall Street Journal.

According to the publication, the lawsuit says the company violated federal law when, from April to October 2021, «deliberately misled the public about the negative impact of its products on minors in order to increase shareholder value and defraud shareholders.»

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Russian President Vladimir Putin signed an order that changes the composition of the Presidium of the State Council, the document appeared on the portal for publishing legal acts.

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Biden-Xi Jinping summit lasted more than three hours

The President of the People’s Republic of China called on the US President to constructively resolve the differences between China and the United States, not to allow relations between the two countries to get out of control.

Biden said the US adheres to the «one China» principle and does not support «Taiwan’s independence.» Also, according to the American leader, the United States does not seek to change the system of China and does not intend to enter into conflict with it.

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ProtonVPN has published the Digital Freedom Index. It was compiled on the basis of an analysis of several criteria. These include restricting content for users, the legality or illegality of a VPN, freedom for social networks, and the freedom to receive news from various sources.

Sweden, Portugal, Switzerland, Iceland and Estonia are the freest states in the digital freedom ranking. On the other side of the list is China, then Cuba, followed by Russia.

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Russian Lukoil and Kazakhstani Kazmunaigaz have signed a binding agreement on the basic principles for the large Kalamkas-Sea project in the Kazakh sector of the Caspian Sea, Lukoil president and co-owner Vagit Alekperov told us.

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By June 1, 2022, the government should introduce the ability to fine for traffic violations based on photos and videos received through a special mobile application. Such an order was given by President Vladimir Putin.

Amendments will be made to the legislation «concerning the establishment of the possibility of issuing decisions on the imposition of administrative penalties for certain violations of traffic rules without drawing up a protocol on the basis of photographs and (or) video filming obtained using special mobile applications in an uncorrected form.»

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The White House provides details of the summit:

▪ the conversation was respectful and open, but the meeting was not expected to be fundamental for the relations of the countries

▪ Biden voiced concerns about human rights in China, Xinjiang, Tibet and Hong Kong to Xi, reaffirmed the importance of freedom of navigation in the region

▪ discussed coronavirus and health problems

▪ Biden expressed hope for progress in trade negotiations and expressed concern about China’s «dishonest» trade and economic practices — US expects Beijing to move towards responsible competition

▪ nothing new has been achieved in the context of Taiwan

▪ the upcoming Beijing Olympics were not discussed

Xinhua provides details of the summit:

▪ the meeting was frank, pragmatic and fruitful

▪ Xi expressed hope that the United States will put China policy back on track

▪ Xi said China and US should advocate for a global collaborative mechanism to fight infectious diseases

▪ Xi said the interests of China and the United States are deeply intertwined, and Beijing insists on non-conflict coexistence

▪ exchanged views on Afghanistan, Iran and Korea

▪ Xi said that trade and economic relations between China and the United States are mutually beneficial in nature, but they should not be politicized and the United States should stop abusing and putting pressure on Chinese companies.

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The UN World Food Program unveiled a plan to fight hunger, which showed how an investment of $ 6.6 billion can save 42 million people in 43 countries.

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Billionaire Agalarov called it senseless to contain food prices. The head of the Crocus Group in an interview with RBC claims that due to competition in the food market, there can be no cartel collusion. Prices, according to him, are increasing, including due to the rise in the cost of fertilizers and fuel.

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LeoLabs, a private US tracking company for space objects, has reported a plethora of debris near the site in orbit where the Soviet satellite «Cosmos-1408» was previously located, according to the company’s Twitter message.

Earlier, the head of the US State Department, Anthony Blinken, accused Russia of testing an anti-satellite missile, which is why, according to him, more than 1.5 thousand new fragments appeared in outer space.

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In February 2020, a vip client of Sberbank discovered that 30 million rubles had been debited from various accounts in order to “store funds more efficiently”. The client’s demand to return the money, Sberbank ignored and he was forced to contact the police. A fraudulent criminal case was opened. In court, it turned out that a number of documents were signed by an «unidentified person», and some of the transfers were made by the client, however, under pressure from the personal manager of Sberbank.

As a result, the judge ordered Sberbank to pay more than 17 million to the victim, with which neither the ex-client of the state bank nor the financial institution agreed — everyone filed an appeal. The victim demands to give all the money, plus interest and a fine, and Sberbank’s lawyers refer to the statute of limitations for filing an application and refuse to return anything to the client at all.

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The German Federal Network Agency (Bundesnetzagentur) announced on Tuesday that it is suspending certification of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline.

The regulator of the German gas market considered that, in its current form, the pipeline operator, a 100% subsidiary of Gazprom, Nord Stream 2 AG, registered in Switzerland, could not be recognized as an independent operator, as required by European legislation.

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The share of Russian imports in everyday products — from clothing and footwear to household appliances and basic necessities — exceeds 75% and has not changed significantly over the past five years, experts from the Center for Economic Expertise of the Institute of State and Municipal Administration of the Higher School of Economics calculated.

The highest share of imports remains in the structure of retail sales of auto parts, children’s games and toys (over 90%), as well as clothing and footwear (80-90%). The telecommunications equipment market accounts for 86% of the imported goods, and the haberdashery sector provides for 73% of the imported goods.

Sales of sporting goods, household chemicals and cosmetics, as well as household goods are the least dependent on imports. However, in these segments, supplies from abroad account for half of the consumption, or more.

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On November 15, Russia carried out tests, in the framework of which the inoperative Tselina-D satellite was destroyed in orbit. This is stated in the statement of the Russian Ministry of Defense.

«Celina-D» is the name of a series of electronic intelligence satellites. As previously reported by the US Space Command, as part of an anti-satellite missile test, Russia destroyed the Kosmos-1408 satellite belonging to this series. The destroyed vehicle was launched into orbit back in 1982.

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IBM unveiled a powerful 127-qubit quantum processor that will allow quantum systems to outperform classical computers in some tasks over the next two years. For comparison, not so long ago in China was presented the world’s most powerful programmable quantum computer and it has only 56 qubits.

IBM also intends to launch the 433-qubit Osprey and 1121-qubit Condor quantum chips in 2022, bringing it closer to what it calls «quantum supremacy» — the point at which quantum computers can outperform traditional systems.

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Lavrov condemned Polish border guards for using water cannons and tear gas against migrants

“Absolutely unacceptable actions of the Polish side. Tear gas, water cannons, shots over the heads of migrants in the direction of Belarus — all this reflects the desire to hide their actions. They cannot fail to understand that they violate all conceivable norms of international humanitarian law. Of course they understand everything »

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Belarusian border guards do not intervene in the confrontation between migrants and Polish security forces, RIA Novosti correspondent reports.

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More than 300 thousand violations of the law related to public procurement have been identified in Russia over the past two years, many of them are associated with illegal actions during the conclusion of government contracts and acceptance of work performed, said Russian Prosecutor General Igor Krasnov.

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The Prosecutor General’s Office of Russia revealed a cartel conspiracy in the supply of drugs for cancer patients in every third constituent entity of the Russian Federation, said the head of the supervisory department Igor Krasnov.

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In the period from January to September 2021, foreign citizens made 8.8 million trips to Russia, of which for tourism purposes — 175.8 thousand times, which is at least 24 times less than in 2019.

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The State Duma passed a law that allows the president to leave army generals, fleet admirals and marshals in military service up to 70 years (now the age limit is 65)

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Italian police have arrested over a hundred members of the Ndrangheta mafia clan. The special operation was carried out simultaneously between Calabria, Lombardy and Tuscany, state police said on Twitter.

Those arrested are accused of connections with the mafia, illegal possession and carrying of weapons, extortion, money laundering, fictitious financial activities, international drug trafficking. According to local media reports, the leaders and influential followers of the clan were detained. The Calabrian Ndrangheta mafia is considered one of the richest and most dangerous in Italy.

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The Swedish company Northvolt has already released the first sample — a lithium-ion battery, which consists of 100% recycled nickel, cobalt and manganese obtained from decommissioned batteries. According to the company, tests have shown that the performance of such a battery is on par with conventional ones.

The company promises to launch a new recycling plant called Revolt Ett in 2023. This will make it possible to process 125 thousand tons of discarded batteries annually. In addition to nickel, cobalt and manganese, the plant will process plastics, copper and aluminum, which will also be used in production.

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Armenia asked Russia for help in protecting the country’s territorial integrity due to the fighting on the border with Azerbaijan.

Baku and Yerevan exchanged mutual accusations of the attack. The Armenian Defense Ministry stated that units of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces fired on Armenian positions in the eastern direction of the border. According to unconfirmed reports, 15 Armenian servicemen were killed.

The Azerbaijani Defense Ministry announced that two servicemen were injured during an attack from Armenia. According to the ministry, the Armenian side on Tuesday attacked the posts in the Kelbajar and Lachin regions using artillery

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The relationship of trust between Yerevan and Moscow may change if the Russian Federation does not react to the military actions of the Azerbaijani Armed Forces in the east of Armenia — Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Armenian Parliament on Defense and Security Issues Andranik Kocharian

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EU sanctions against Belarus include breaking leasing contracts with the state-owned airline Belavia, Irish Foreign and Defense Minister Simon Kovney said.

“The contracts under which the planes are leased by Belavia, in fact, will be terminated,” the diplomat said. According to Kovni, Belarus will be obliged to return these aircraft, otherwise there will be a trial.

In total, there are 29 aircrafts in the Belavia fleet. Belavia leased 17 of them through Irish companies, Kovney said.

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The size of the maximum unemployment benefit in the Russian Federation in 2022 will grow to 12,792 rubles.

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The government will allocate 149.6 billion rubles. to reduce the debt burden of Russian Railways.

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A criminal case was opened against one of the heads of the branch of the Pension Fund of Russia in the Vologda region, the official is suspected of abuse of office with damage to the Pension Fund of Russia in the amount of 70 million rubles.

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The presidents of Belarus and Russia held a telephone conversation, Belta reports. The parties discussed the situation on the Belarusian-Polish border and joint actions to defend the borders of the Union State.

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Belarus accommodates all migrants arriving at the border with Poland at the logistics center — Belta

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The Volocopter 2X VTOL electric helicopter has completed its maiden flight with a crew in Seoul. During a five-minute test flight at Gimpo International Airport, the 2X covered a distance of approximately 1.86 miles (3 km), reaching a maximum altitude of 164 feet (50 m) and a top speed of 28 mph (45 km / h).

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12 criminal cases opened after the publication of a video of torture in the Saratov colony

“Unfortunately, the events of the current year show that the penitentiary system continues to be in a fever. This is evidenced by the practice of prosecutorial supervision, ”said Prosecutor General Igor Krasnov.

According to him, about 103 thousand violations of the law have been found in colonies and pre-trial detention centers over the past nine months.

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The interim deputy governor of the Vladimir region, Grigory Vishnevsky, was detained while receiving a bribe, the Investigative Committee said.

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More than a third of drivers in Russia have driven drunk at least once, according to the survey data, drunkenness is most common in Yakutia (more than 58% of drivers noted that they did this at least once in their lives), Khakassia (50%) and Buryatia (47%) Statistics of the traffic police confirm that the number of «drunk» road accidents in recent years has not decreased.

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