5 Oct, 2021

The aftermath of the energy crisis in China

The energy crisis in China has begun to negatively affect some of the world’s industries, Kommersant writes. Basic polymers rose 10 percent after the shutdown of major Chinese petrochemical plants due to power shortages. Experts predicted further growth in the cost of polymers and the exit of prices to peak values.

According to disclosed data at the end of September, almost two-thirds of Chinese provinces are experiencing problems with energy supply in the industrial sector and among households. In September, the production of local polypropylene plants decreased by 287 thousand tons, and polyethylene – by 235 thousand tons. In Shaanxi province, a coal chemical plant, which accounts for 20-25 percent of the country’s total polymer production, has suspended polypropylene production due to a shortage of coal and energy consumption restrictions.

Weak production led to new consequences of the energy crisis – an increase in the cost of a ton of polymers by $ 100-150. Polyethylene based on CFR Far East and FD Western Europe rose in price by the end of September by up to 10 percent, to 1.2-1.5 thousand dollars per ton. In the spring of 2020, polyethylene in Europe reached its maximum values ​​- about $ 2 thousand per ton. Experts predict a repeat of the situation in the fourth quarter of 2021, as the energy crisis in China is exacerbated by the onset of the heating season.

In late September, power outages began in Chinese homes and manufacturing facilities due to a shortage of electricity. One of the main reasons for the deficit was the restriction on the use of coal to achieve environmental goals. On the back of a power shortage, China’s thermal coal reserves have reached an all-time low and prices have surged.

Since October 1, China has more than tripled its purchases of Russian electricity through the Amurskaya – Heihe transmission line. The operating time of the converter station has been increased from 5 to 16 hours per day to alleviate the problem of power outages.

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The ex-mayor of Vladivostok, Gumenyuk, was detained in accordance with Article 91 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation on suspicion of taking bribes. From 2019 to 2021, Gumenyuk regularly received bribes from the management of the Necropolis municipal enterprise and through intermediaries for general patronage in the provision of funeral services. In total, more than 19.5 million rubles were transferred to him during this time.

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Fumio Kishida, president of the ruling Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) of Japan, became the country’s new prime minister following a vote in the Japanese parliament. According to the results of the vote, Fumio Kishida becomes the 100th Prime Minister of Japan. Fumio Kishida was previously Japanese Foreign Minister.

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On the portal of State Services, a service for payment of travel on the Central Ring Road and fines of Rostransnadzor has been launched. You can use the new payment method in your personal account. At the same time, the fine can be canceled if the fare is paid within 20 days, writes Rossiyskaya Gazeta.

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A second criminal case has been opened against the head of the Chelyabinsk branch of the Pension Fund of Russia Viktor Chernobrovin – about taking a bribe in the form of a pleasure boat, insiders say. A criminal case was initiated under Part 5 of Art. 290 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation (taking a bribe on a large scale). Chernobrovin is also a defendant in another criminal case – he is accused of taking a bribe worth 26 million rubles.

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Since October 3, Russia has stricter rules governing the activities of non-profit organizations-foreign agents. Corresponding changes were made to the federal law “On non-profit organizations”.

Now NPO-foreign agents are obliged to send an annual report to the Ministry of Justice on their work, income and expenses. At the same time, NPO-foreign agents are obliged to provide documents that they use for holding events. In addition, branches of such organizations cannot be registered in residential premises.

Recently, the list of sources of funding for NPOs has been expanded by law. Now the organization can be recognized as a foreign agent in the case of receiving money from Russian legal entities behind which foreigners stand.

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Private business in South Korea has joined the space race. South Korean companies are investing heavily in this area. In 2018 alone, Korea spent $ 412 million on aerospace development and research. For comparison, the US spent $ 26.3 billion. And according to the “level of technical development”, according to the US National Technical Information Service, in 2019 Korea’s level was 60% of the US level. And the Federation of Korean Industries (FKI) lobbyist team even proposed creating a Korean version of NASA and increasing government spending on space. It is expected that this will help private companies to enter this market more boldly.

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The Moscow and Oryol regions are sent for processing 100% of the garbage, the Russian ecological operator told RIA Novosti. The top 10 also includes

• Kaluga region (99%)
• Kalmykia (96.1%)
• Kostroma region (92.8%)
• Adygea (88.34%)
• Stavropol Territory (87.05%)
• Astrakhan region (83.27%)
• Ryazan region (79.8%)
• Saratov region (79.4%)

All waste should be processed in Russia by 2030. Processing involves sorting waste and distributing it for recycling, disposal and disposal.

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The military of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey began joint exercises Eternity-2021

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Alexander Ionov, the author of applications for Meduza and Important Stories (the publication is recognized in Russia as a “foreign agent”), said that he would complain about the journalists who published the “Pandora’s archive”. Ionov is going to complain to the Prosecutor General’s Office against the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ). He also announced that he would demand to declare an “undesirable organization” the association of investigative journalists OCCRP, a partner organization of ICIJ, which recently announced the termination of work in Russia. Ionov is sure that behind the publication of the “Pandora’s archive” “there is a big drain from the American special services.”

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Redwood Materials Inc., a startup founded by a former Tesla employee, has partnered with Ford Motor Co. to recycle and reuse key components of lithium-ion batteries that will power the automaker’s growing fleet of electric vehicles. Ford also invested $ 50 million in Redwood, which was valued at about $ 3.7 billion this summer, Bloomberg writes.

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The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was received by American scientists David Julius and Ardem Pataputyan, who found an answer to the question of how nerve impulses are initiated so that temperature and pressure can be perceived

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The head of Rospotrebnadzor Popova called for organizing a system of monitoring citizens on self-isolation in the regions of Russia – TASS

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American engineers equipped the quadcopter with Velcro, allowing it to sit on a vertical wall with a prepared surface to turn off the engines and save power. The developers taught the drone to autonomously calculate and perform a wall landing maneuver using its cameras, an inertial unit and a computing module.

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The head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova said that mass events in Russia were “stopped throughout the country” and “are being held only in accordance with the decree of the chief state sanitary doctor, depending on the trend of the epidemiological process.” According to Popova, events with more than three thousand participants are not allowed in any of the regions of Russia.

Initially, it was reported that in Russia all public events were canceled because of covid. In fact, no new decisions on this were made on October 4. Anna Popova spoke only about the already established practice in the regions of Russia.

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Beijing has introduced a set of ethical principles to regulate artificial intelligence. They attach paramount importance to protecting the rights of users and preventing risks associated with the influence of global tech giants. The document provides a number of basic principles for AI systems: ensuring their “manageability and reliability”, improving human well-being, ensuring fairness and justice, protecting privacy and security, and increasing ethical literacy.

In 2017, the State Council of the PRC presented a plan according to which the country should overtake the United States and become the world leader in the field of AI. So, by 2025, China is planning a major breakthrough in AI, so that by the end of the decade, the PRC will become the leading country in this area.

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The United States will unite 30 countries in the fight against the illegal use of cryptocurrencies. Also, a coalition of countries will protect and invest in 5G technology and ensure greater security of supply chains.

Earlier, Fed Chairman Jerome Powell said that the United States does not plan to ban cryptocurrencies, but considers it necessary to tighten control over stablecoins.

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The Russian authorities have almost completely closed the medical equipment market for foreign companies. Suppliers of imported tomographs, ventilators or ultrasound machines will not be allowed to bid if there is at least one manufacturer of such equipment in Russia.

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Russia has declared persona non grata Charge d’Affaires of the Republic of North Macedonia to the Russian Federation, Oliver Chaushevskaya-Dimovskaya. The note was handed to her today, October 4, at the Russian Foreign Ministry.

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The US plans to start new trade negotiations with China, the Wall Street Journal writes, citing the White House. According to the newspaper, the United States intends to keep tariffs on Chinese goods for now and may even introduce new ones to force China to comply with the terms of the trade agreement.

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The authorities of the Uzbek Chirchik near Tashkent announced a challenge with a call to speak the state language, and also published a photo with leaflets, where a checkmark is put in front of the words in Uzbek, and a cross in front of the Russians. Many Russian-speaking users interpreted this as a ban on speaking Russian, but the mayor’s office denies this opinion.

“We only teach just to speak Uzbek correctly. We have not forbidden anything,” a spokesman for the mayor’s office assures RIA Novosti. According to him, the format of the ads with a cross and a tick was chosen to indicate how a particular word sounds in the Uzbek language.

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Venezuela has held its second denomination in four years. now one new bolivar equals 1,000,000 old ones, or 100,000,000,000 bolivars in 2017. Residents of Caracas, in a conversation with RIA Novosti, made it clear that they are skeptical, and pointed to the fall of the bolivar against the dollar on the day of denomination – from 4,100,000 old bolivars per dollar, it fell to 5.25 new (5,250,000 old).

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Clint Eastwood at the trial in the United States sued the Lithuanian company Mediatonas for $ 6.1 million for a fake interview, which spoke of his “departure” from the cinema, reported the New York Post

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The White House reacted to publications that the United States is the largest tax haven: Biden intends to add additional openness to the country’s financial system

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The data of 1.5 billion users of the social network Facebook are put up for sale on the black market, according to the specialized Internet publication Privacy Affairs. The publication writes that this is the largest “drain” of user data in the history of Facebook. The company itself has not yet received any comments on these messages.

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Global Facebook crash. What was it:

▪️ at 18:34 Moscow time, the first messages about problems appeared in Facebook and its Instagram and WhatsApp

▪️ the collapse lasted 6.5 hours and became the worst in Facebook history since 2008 (the last powerful crash in 2019 lasted only about an hour) and the largest in Downdetector history, with more than 10 million complaints worldwide

▪️ it is assumed that the problem is related to an error in the DNS records that provided access to the sites of Facebook and its other social networks – American publications write that before the collapse of Facebook, its DNS records were removed from global routing tables

▪️ experts suggest that the disappearance of DNS records could have been the result of internal system changes or an unsuccessful update, in 2019 the cause of the breakdown was also changes in the server settings

▪️ there is no evidence that a cyberattack could have caused the collapse, meanwhile, there were reports that the data of 1.5 billion Facebook users were put up for sale, this is the largest “drain” of user data in Facebook history

▪️ Facebook employees could not work due to system failure, a special team was sent to manually restart the servers

▪️ the massive flow of users to alternative communication channels dramatically increased the load on other social networks, Twitter and Gmail began to break down, Telegram and VKontakte reported increased loads, dozens of social networks and web services, the largest US banks, airlines and cellular operators, had failures

▪️ there were messages that the facebook. com is listed for sale, but they were not confirmed

▪️ Facebook shares fell 4.87%, Twitter – 5.78%, NASDAQ high-tech index – 2.14%

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Disabling Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp can help to realize the addiction to the Internet, and this is the first step to solving the problem, psychologist Khors told RIA Novosti.

“Addicted to watching the tape will have a state of being as if they have nothing to occupy themselves, as if some kind of emptiness has formed,” said Horse, adding that such a feeling may even be useful, as it will lead to the realization that there is a dependence on social networks.

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Facebook was crashing because of a dynamic routing protocol update. Reported by a member of the company’s recovery team.

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In Russia, the Russian Open Source Foundation will be created – a non-profit organization for the development of open source software. Until November 1, it is planned to collect in the fund Sber, Yandex, VTB, Mail.ru Group, Postgres Pro, Arenadata and several other companies.

The ministry is interested in the development of Russian Open Source: “This new culture is more dynamic than the traditional one.” In August, the Ministry of Digital Science proposed to equate open source software with Russian, so that developers can get access to government procurement, concessional lending and other support.

The draft strategy indicates that in recent years, the governments of the United States, the European Union and China, as well as major corporations such as Google, Microsoft and Huawei, have been actively involved in supporting open source software.

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Scientists at the University of North Carolina have developed a flexible and stretchable device that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy. The device consists of soft biocompatible materials: liquid metal and soft polymer – hydrogel. It works both in air and under water. The description was published in the journal Advanced Materials.

Researchers believe that such devices will be suitable for powering the next generation of wearable gadgets. According to one of the authors, Michael Dickey, a chemical engineer and specialist in biomolecular technology, there is a lot of mechanical energy in our environment. These are wind energy, wave energy, body movement and vibration of motors. The new device can convert this energy into electricity. Importantly, it works great underwater too.

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The UK has launched a giant power cable from Norway to combat the electricity crisis, the BBC reported. The world’s longest undersea electrical cable (about 724 kilometers) North Sea Link (NSL) will transmit clean energy. It connected the town of Blyth in Northumberland County to the Norwegian village of Quilldal, where the local hydroelectric power plant is located. At full capacity of 1,400 megawatts, National Grid said it will import enough hydropower to power 1.4 million British homes, helping to resolve the energy crisis.

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The Russian orbital constellation includes more than 160 spacecraft that serve thousands of people daily, said Colonel Roman Vinokurov, chief of staff of the Titov Main Testing Space Center.

He explained that the constellation consists of spacecraft for communication, navigation, topogeodetic and meteorological purposes, remote sensing of the Earth and monitoring of the state on its surface. According to him, more than a thousand military and civilian personnel ensure the smooth operation of the system every day. “[Every day] over 1,500 orbital constellation control sessions are being conducted,” Vinokurov added.

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The State Duma of Russia ordered a study from one of the state universities comparing Russian legislation with German, Swedish, Chinese, Japanese and South Korean. The goal is to improve the efficiency of public administration in a crisis

The State Duma of Russia ordered the Ural State Law University (USLU) to conduct a study “The system of public administration in the Russian Federation: foreign experience and ways to improve legislation.” The government procurement cost 1.9 million rubles. The goal is to improve the efficiency of public administration in a crisis

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The tax will strengthen control over the self-employed. On-site inspections of the Federal Tax Service will be looking for where self-employed people are used instead of concluding a full-fledged employment contract.

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Microsoft released Windows 11 one day ahead of schedule. It was supposed to become available to users on October 5, US time, but on October 4, it became possible to download it, reports The Verge.

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Finnair plans to start flying electric planes from 2026. Initially, these will be 19-seater cars on regional lines. The use of electric aviation has accelerated the pandemic, Finnair CEO Topi Manner told RBC

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Russian Railways has recruited the required number of employees to expand BAM and even exceeded the plan: now their number has reached almost 16 thousand people. But the replenishment at the expense of the military and convicts turned out to be quite modest: out of 3 thousand military personnel so far, 1.5 thousand have been involved, and only 86 people have come from the FSIN.

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Six research centers on artificial intelligence will receive federal grants of up to 1 billion rubles within the framework of the federal project “Artificial Intelligence”. A total of 36 organizations took part in the selection, of which nine were shortlisted. The working group has identified the best six projects of the centers out of nine. According to the voting results, the winners were determined: Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Institute for System Programming. V.P. Ivannikova, Innopolis University, ITMO, HSE.

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The Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to Shukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselman for physically modeling the Earth’s climate, quantifying variations and predicting reliable global warming, and Giorgio Parisi for discovering how disorder and fluctuations interact in physical systems on scales from atoms to planets. The Nobel Committee writes about this on its website.

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The movie crew had docking problems. We switched to manual control. The head of the Russian Cosmonaut Training Center Kharlamov commented on the problems with the docking of the “film crew”: “Everything is fine, nothing happened.”

Rogozin conducted the first communication session with the crew after docking. Joked that the manual docking of the “movie crew” to the ISS was added for drama

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The Premier League is headed by a former adviser to Gref and an ex-FSB officer. The head of the RFU Referee Committee Ashot Khachaturyants will act as the president of the RPL before the elections instead of the retired Sergei Pryadkin

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Scientists have invented an implant that can detect and treat depression. The device is no larger than a matchbox: it is inserted into the skull and connected to the cerebral cortex. The implant works constantly, but the impulse is triggered only when necessary and hormonal disruptions

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The dependence of factories and plants on imports of equipment continues to increase and has reached its maximum values ​​for at least the last 7 years, follows from the survey data of the Gaidar Institute (IEP), cited by Kommersant. More than 80% of enterprises cannot find domestic analogues of “any quality”.

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From January 1, 2022, clients of banks and MFIs will be able to dispute credit history data online. The Central Bank recommended that banks, microfinance organizations, credit cooperatives, investment platform operators and leasing companies provide such an opportunity to borrowers. Previously, borrowers had to contact the credit bureaus to dispute.

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