Washington had tried to reach Pyongyang in several different ways to prevent tensions escalating, officials said.
The US and North Korea remain at loggerheads over North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile programmes.
Three meetings between Mr Biden’s predecessor and North Korea’s Kim Jong-un achieved little.
The talks failed to persuade North Korea to give up nuclear weapons – a key demand of the US and other Western powers.
North Korean state media has yet to acknowledge that Joe Biden is now the American president.
US attempts to communicate with Pyongyang have included the “New York Channel” – through the North Korean mission at the United Nations.
A US official told Reuters news agency there had been “multiple attempts” to engage with North Korea, but no meaningful contact for more than 12 months, which includes much of Donald Trump’s final year as president.
Mr Biden has already announced a policy review on North Korea, which is expected to be unveiled in April.
He has called Mr Kim a thug and stressed the need for North Korean nuclear disarmament before heavy US and UN economic sanctions can be eased.
The North Korean leader has continued to emphasise his country’s military capability, claiming the development of more accurate long-range missiles, super large warheads, spy satellites and a nuclear-powered submarine.
At the same time he has called on the US to ditch its “hostile policies”.