Ferdinand Gotthold Max Eisenstein was born on April 16, 1823 in Berlin. Graduated from the University of Göttingen. After that, from 1847 to 1852, he worked at the University of Berlin.
Eisenstein suffered all his life with a neuropsychic disorder, and later he fell ill with tuberculosis, from which he died. Nevertheless, in his short life, he managed to do a lot.
His main works are in the field of algebra and number theory: in particular, the famous criterion of irreducibility, cubic and biquadratic laws of reciprocity.
Also of great interest are Eisenstein’s work on elliptic functions, which influenced the subsequent work of Weil and Shimura as early as the 20th century.
Ferdinand Eisenstein died on October 11, 1852 in Berlin.