George Orwell, real name Eric Arthur Blair was born on June 25, 1903 in India, the son of an English colonial official. His father worked in the Indian customs Department and came from an aristocratic impoverished family.
In 1921, Eric Blair graduated from Eton College. Among the favorite writers were Rudyard Kipling, Charles Dickens, William Thackeray, H. G. wells, and the favorite hero was Robin hood.
In 1922, the future writer joined the Royal police and left for Burma, where he served until 1927.
He began to dream of a career as a writer at the age of six. At the age of 11, Orwell published a Patriotic poem in one of the Newspapers, and in 1923 his first “adult” publications appeared. In 1927, George Orwell resigned and went to Europe, finally deciding to become a writer.
Trying to earn a living, he worked as a dishwasher in a Paris hotel, as a hop picker in Kent, as a second-hand bookseller’s assistant, and as a teacher. The impressions of these years were conveyed in the book “a Dog’s life in Paris and London”, published in 1933; at the same time, the pseudonym “George Orwell” appeared, because the young writer did not want his parents to know about the life difficulties that their son experienced when he lived in the flophouses and slums of Paris and London.
After the outbreak of the Spanish civil war, Orwell went to Barcelona as a correspondent for a London weekly. Fought, was seriously wounded by a fascist sniper. In 1937, he became a supporter of anti-communism and bourgeois-liberal reformism.
After the outbreak of the Second world war, George Orwell asked to go to the front, but was refused due to injuries and suspected tuberculosis. In November 1943-February 1944, he wrote the most unusual work for himself-the fairy tale “Animal farm”. The satire was so blatant an allusion to Stalin that the fairy tale refused to be published in both England and America; it was published only in 1945.
In 1945, he began work on the novel “1984”, which became one of the most famous dystopias of the 20th century about the probable development of the world community in a totalitarian direction. It was from the novel “1984 “that such concepts as” thoughtcrime”,” Newspeak “and”doublethink” first became known and used. In June 1949, the novel “1984” was published in England and America, and six months later, on January 21, 1950, George Orwell died in London of tuberculosis.
The novel “1984” was translated into 62 languages, and 1984 was named the year of George Orwell by UNESCO