Jan Amos Komenský (Czech Jan Amos Komenský), a great Czech teacher, was born on March 28, 1592 in South Moravia. His parents were Protestants. He studied at a fraternal school, and after the death of his father continued his education at a Latin school and Herborn Academy.
Having entered the University of Heidelberg, Comenius began work on the creation of the encyclopedia “Theater of All Things” and a complete dictionary of the Czech language.
As a teacher at a fraternal school, he began to write a didactic work, but in connection with persecution by Catholics he left for Poland, where he taught at a gymnasium and continued to work on the Great Didactics.
Comenius is the author of several textbooks on linguistics, physics and astronomy, a guide to family education “Mother’s School”.
In 1650, he became the organizer of the school business in Hungary, where he tried to create a new type of school, the study in which lasted seven years, and each class had its own teachers, textbooks and classrooms. He managed to organize only three classes out of seven.
Comenius tried to revive the learning process, arouse children’s interest in knowledge, widely using the method of dramatization. He is the author of the first textbook in world history with illustrations (“The World of Sensual Things in Pictures”, 1658), which were an integral part of educational texts. This textbook went through many reprints and was used in teaching until the end of the 19th century.
The last years of his life Jan Amos Comenius spent in Amsterdam and devoted them to the struggle for peace. The teacher died on November 15, 1670