29 Mar, 2021

John Tyler – 10th President of the United States

John Tyler was born on March 29, 1790 in Virginia near Williamsburg, where his father, John Tyler, a planter and slave owner, was governor from 1809 to 1811, and then a judge in the federal court of Virginia.

John studied law and was a member of the House of Representatives in Congress from 1816-1821. In 1825-1827 he was the governor of Virginia, in 1827-1836 he was a senator from this state.

In 1840, he was nominated by the Whig party as a candidate for the post of vice-president and was elected to this post. On March 4, 1841, he assumed his duties, and on April 4, 1841, he became president due to the death of W. Harrison.

For the first time in US history, Tyler interpreted the constitution in such a way that upon the death of a president, the vice president becomes not acting president, but acting president. This legal precedent was valid until 1967, until the amendment of the constitution.

He did not live up to the expectations of the party that elected him; on the contrary, in the system of government, he leaned towards the Democrats. As a result of his vetoing some of the Bills of the Whig (in the majority) Congress, the cabinet appointed by Harrison resigned in July 1841, and Tyler was forced to rely on the Democrats.

This caused great dissatisfaction; his portraits in many places were solemnly burned at popular meetings. Tyler continued, however, his policies and until the end of his reign (1845) was in a hostile relationship with Congress.

After the end of his presidential term, he returned to Virginia. In 1861, after the separation of the southern (slave) states from the Union, Tyler, as a Virginian, found himself in their ranks and was elected a member of the Senate of the Southern Confederation.

Tyler has been married twice, the second time as president, to a woman 30 years his junior (he was the first president to marry while in office). From two wives, he had 15 children – more than any other US president.

John Tyler died on January 18, 1862 in Richmond (Virginia, USA).