13 Apr, 2021

Joseph Bramah – English artificer

Joseph Bramah was born on April 13, 1748 in Stanborough, Yorkshire. At a very early age, he showed outstanding mechanical ability.

Having got into training as a carpenter, and having successfully mastered this skill, Joseph worked for several years in a furniture workshop in London and then opened his own workshop. In 1783 he took out a patent for his first invention – some improvements in the design of water closets.

Then Brama got carried away with the task of creating a lock that cannot be opened with master keys. In 1784, he exhibited a castle of his own design in the window of his shop with the promise of paying a reward of 200 guineas to whoever could open it. The lock mechanism consisted of a set of sliding plates, which, when the key was turned, rose to a certain position and moved the tongue. For 67 years no one has managed to break this lock …

In 1784, Joseph Bramah received a patent for the safe he invented. Modern safes are a modification of the “Brahm safe”. He was the first to set up the assembly line for safes.

In 1796 he invented a hydraulic press, which soon found widespread use. In 1806, Brahma invented a very ingenious short-printing press specially adapted for printing interest-bearing papers.

Inventor Joseph Bramah died on December 9, 1814 in London.