Joseph Pulitzer was born on April 10, 1847 in the city of Mako (Hungary), in the family of a wealthy Jew who is engaged in grain trade.
Pulitzer received his education at a private school in Budapest. In his youth, the journalist wanted to become a military man, but was not accepted into the Austrian army for health reasons. Pulitzer enlisted in the American army, then changed his mind and deserted from it.
Upon arrival in the United States, Pulitzer studies English and works for a German-language newspaper in St. Louis.
In 1878 he acquired his first newspaper, St. Louis Post-Dispatch ”and begins to actively change its business model. In 1883, he bought The New York World from Jay Gould, and by 1885 was making it the most popular reading matter, consisting of illustrated sensations and comics. It was this presentation of the material that was later dubbed the term “yellow press”.
In 1885, Pulitzer was elected to the House of Representatives of the American Parliament, but due to deteriorating health he was forced to resign the following year. In August 1903, using personal funds, he created the journalism department at Columbia University and instituted the Pulitzer Prizes. He was also engaged in charity work.
Joseph Pulitzer died on October 29, 1911 in the harbor of Charleston in South Carolina (USA), aboard his favorite yacht.
According to his will, Columbia University received $ 2 million after his death. Since 1917, part of this amount has been used for the American Journalists’ Prize.