26 Apr, 2021

Ludwig Wittgenstein – philosopher and logician

Ludwig Joseph Johann Wittgenstein, one of the founders of analytical philosophy, was born on April 26, 1889 in Vienna, in the family of a steel magnate.

Wittgenstein studied engineering, and in 1911 he moved to Cambridge, where he studied with Russell. In 1913, Wittgenstein returned to Austria and, of his own free will, in 1914 he left for the front of the First World War. He was taken prisoner in 1917 and was in a prisoner camp.

It was during this time that his work “Logical-Philosophical Treatise” was written, which served as an impetus for the creation of the theory of logical positivism by the Vienna Circle. The treatise was published in 1921 in German, and in 1922 in English. In 1926, the philosopher comes to the conclusion that his work was misinterpreted and a number of the ideas of the Treatise are false. He again goes to Cambridge and continues his philosophical research.

Since 1929, Wittgenstein lived permanently in England, was a professor at the University of Cambridge (1939-1947). During World War II, he works as an orderly in one of the London hospitals.

At Cambridge, Wittgenstein forms a completely new philosophy of language, which he expounds in his Philosophical Investigations. This work gives rise to a fundamentally new English linguistic philosophy, or as it is called – the philosophy of everyday language. “Philosophical Studies” was published only in 1953 after the death of the philosopher.

Died Ludwig Wittgenstein on April 29, 1951 in Cambridge